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瀹舵棌浼佷笟绠$悊鐨勭爺绌?/h1>

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鍏抽敭璇?/span>锛?/span>瀹舵棌浼佷笟锛?/span>绠$悊锛?/span>鍙戝睍锛?/span>瀵圭瓥

 

 

Analysis of Family Business Management

 

Abstract:With the rapid development of China's economy, private enterprises with family-owned enterprises have also developed rapidly and expanded, playing an increasingly important role in the national economy. However, at the same time, China's family business has also exposed more and more problems, such as the paternalistic management method, the imperfect enterprise management system and the lack of follow-up development. These problems not only restrict the development and growth of China's family business, but also seriously affect the healthy and rapid development of China's economy. Therefore, how to manage and innovate family businesses in China at this stage, in order to maximize the enthusiasm of family business employees, thus It is particularly urgent to realize the optimal allocation of production factors in family enterprises and promote the sustainable development of family businesses. The author analyzes many problems existing in the management of family businesses, proposes countermeasures and opinions, and strives that the research results can contribute to the management progress and development of family businesses.

Key words:family business, management, development, countermeasure


 

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锛堜竴锛?/span>瀹舵棌寮忎紒涓氱鐞?/span>姒傝堪

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锛堜笁锛?/span>瀹舵棌寮忎紒涓氱殑绠$悊妯″紡

鍙涓哄鏃忓紡娌荤悊妯″紡鎴栧鏃忓寲绠$悊锛屽嵆浼佷笟鐨勫喅绛栨潈鐢卞鏃忔垚鍛樻帶鍒剁殑绠$悊鏂瑰紡銆備紒涓氭洿澶氱殑涓嶆槸琛ㄧ幇涓哄埗搴︾鐞嗭紝鑰屾槸瀹堕暱寮忕鐞嗐€傚绠$悊鑰呬富瑕佷笉鏄潬婵€鍔辨満鍒跺拰绾︽潫鏈哄埗鍔紝鑰屾槸闈犱翰鎯呭叧绯绘帹鍔ㄣ€?ldquo;涓€涓汉璇翠簡绠?rdquo;鏄繖绉嶅鏃忓紡绠$悊鐨勯噸瑕佸舰寮忋€?/span>

锛堝洓锛?/span>瀹舵棌寮忎紒涓氱鐞嗘ā寮忕殑鐗圭偣

鍦ㄥ鏃忎紒涓氫腑锛屾墍鏈夋潈鍜岀粡钀ユ潈闆嗕簬涓€浣擄紝鍐崇瓥鍜屾墽琛岃€呬负涓€韬紝鍏ㄩ儴鎴栦富瑕佺殑绠$悊宀椾綅閮芥槸鐢卞鏃忔垚鍛樻妸鎸侊紝鏈€缁堝喅绛栨潈闆嗕腑鎺屾彙鍦ㄤ紒涓氫富“涓€浜烘墜涓?rdquo;锛岄噰鐢ㄩ泦鏉冨寲鐨勪笓鏂瀵兼柟寮忥紝浼佷笟娌℃湁绉戝瑙勮寖鐨勭粡娴庤涓猴紝涓€鍒囬兘鐢辨帉鏉冧汉鍐冲畾銆?/span>

锛堜簲锛?/span>“瀹堕暱寮?rdquo;绠$悊妯″紡褰㈡垚鐨勫師鍥?/span>

缇庡浗钁楀悕浼佷笟鍙插瀹堕挶寰峰嫆鍦ㄥ叾 銆婄湅寰楄鐨勬墜——— 缇庡浗浼佷笟绠$悊鐨勯潻鍛姐€嬩竴涔︿腑锛屽瀹舵棌浼佷笟缁欏嚭鐨勫畾涔夋槸锛氫紒涓氬垱濮嬩汉鏈€浜插瘑鐨勫悎浼欎汉锛堟垨瀹舵棌锛変竴鐩存帉鎻″ぇ閮ㄥ垎鑲℃潈锛屼粬浠笌缁忕悊浜哄憳缁存寔绱у瘑鐨勭浜哄叧绯伙紝涓斾繚鐣欓珮灞傜鐞嗙殑涓昏鍐崇瓥鏉冿紝鐗瑰埆鏄湪鏈夊叧璐㈠姟鏀跨瓥锛岃祫婧愬垎閰嶄互鍙婇珮灞備汉鍛樼殑褰曠敤鏂归潰銆傚鏃忎紒涓氱殑绠$悊浣撳埗涓昏琛ㄧ幇涓?ldquo;瀹舵棌”鍜?“浜茬紭鍖?rdquo;鐨勭壒寰併€傚鏃忎紒涓氫腑涓昏鑱屼綅鐢卞鏃忔垚鍛樻媴浠伙紝瀹炶闆嗘潈鍖栭瀵硷紝涓撳埗寮忓喅绛栥€傚浜庡垱涓氬垵鏈熷皬瑙勬ā鐨勫鏃忎紒涓氭潵璇达紝浼佷笟鐨勫垱鍔炶祫閲戝ぇ閮ㄥ垎鏉ヨ嚜瀹跺涵鐨勮储浜хН绱紝浼佷笟鐨勮祫婧愯緝涓烘湁闄愶紝涓轰繚璇佷紒涓氳祫浜х殑瀹夊叏鎬э紝鑺傜害绠$悊鎴愭湰锛屽鏃忎紒涓氱敤琛€缂樺叧绯诲缓绔嬭捣涓€绉嶅ぉ鐒剁殑淇′换鍏崇郴锛屼紒涓氭墍鏈夋潈锛岀鐞嗗喅绛栨潈浠ュ強浜轰簨璐骇鏉冪瓑鐞嗘墍褰撶劧鍦版帉鎻″湪涓昏鎶曡祫鑰呭拰鍒涘姙鑰呮墜涓紝鐢辨鑰屽舰鎴?ldquo;瀹堕暱寮?rdquo;绠$悊妯″紡锛屽嵆浼佷笟鐢变竴浣嶅己鏈夊姏鐨勪汉鐗╀綔涓虹粺甯咃紝渚濋潬瀹堕暱鐨勬潈濞侊紝浣夸紒涓氬叿鏈夊己澶х殑鍑濊仛鍔涗笌绋冲畾鎬э紝骞惰兘鍋氬埌鍐崇瓥鍜岃鍔ㄧ殑涓€鑷存€с€傚湪甯傚満缁忔祹绉╁簭鍜屾硶鍒跺缓璁惧皻寰呭畬鍠勭殑鎯呭喌涓嬶紝鐢变簬璧勬簮鏋佷负鏈夐檺锛?ldquo;瀹堕暱寮?rdquo;绠$悊妯″紡鏄鏃忎紒涓氬湪鍒涗笟鍒濇湡锛屽皻灞炰簬灏忚妯°€佷綆灞傛鐨勪綔鍧婂紡浼佷笟杩欎竴鐗规畩闃舵杈冧负鏈夋晥鍜屽疄鐢ㄧ殑绠$悊妯″紡銆備絾鍦ㄤ紒涓氬叿澶囦竴瀹氳妯″苟瀵绘眰鍐嶅彂灞曟椂锛?ldquo;瀹堕暱寮?rdquo;绠$悊妯″紡渚挎毚闇插嚭瀹冪殑灞€闄愬拰涓嶈冻锛屽鏃忓紡绠$悊灏变細鎴愪负鍒剁害浼佷笟鍙戝睍鐨?ldquo;鐡堕”銆?/span>

浜屻€?/span>瀹舵棌寮忎紒涓氱鐞嗘ā寮忕殑鍒╁紛鍒嗘瀽

锛堜竴锛?/span>瀹舵棌浼佷笟绠$悊鐨勪紭鍔?/span>

瀹舵棌寮忕鐞嗘ā寮忔渶鍒濆€″鐨勫嫟濂嬨€佽瘹淇°€佸洟缁撱€佸繝璇氥€佸叡浜紝蹇呰兘鍞よ捣瀹舵棌鎴愬憳寮虹儓鐨勫鏃忚崳瑾夋劅銆佷娇鍛芥劅鍜屾垚鍔熸锛岃繖绉嶅鏃忚瘑鏈€缁堜細鍑濊仛鎴愪竴鑲¢珮鏁堢殑鍥㈤槦鍔涢噺锛屾垚涓哄鏃忓紡绠$悊妯″紡鍙備笌甯傚満绔炰簤鐨勭嫭鐗逛紭鍔匡紝鎴愪负浼佷笟鍒涗笟鎴愬姛鐨勬渶澶у姪鍔涖€?/span>

1.蹇€熸暣鍚堣祫婧?/span>

瀹舵棌寮忎紒涓氬湪鏈€鍒濆垱涓氶樁娈碉紝涓嶄粎璧勬湰鏈夐檺锛岃€屼笖鎶€鏈€佺鐞嗐€佷汉鍔涘強绀句細璧勬簮涔熸瀬涓虹煭缂恒€備絾鏄敱浜庡鏃忔垚鍛橀棿鎵€鐗规湁鐨勮缂樹笌浜茬紭鍏崇郴锛屽緢瀹规槗褰㈡垚鍏俊鍔涳紝鏇村鏄撴瀯寤哄叡鍚岀殑鐩爣锛屼娇瀹舵棌鎴愬憳浠负浜嗗湪鍏卞悓鍒╃泭鍜岀洰鏍囩殑椹卞姩涓嬶紝杩呴€熼泦鑱氳捣鍒涗笟鎵€闇€鐨勮祫閲戝拰浜哄姏绛夎祫婧愩€?/span>

2.鏋滄柇鍑嗙‘鐨勫喅绛?/span>

瀹舵棌寮忎紒涓氱敱浜庡悇瀹舵棌鎴愬憳闀挎湡鐨勫叡鍚岀敓娲伙紝褰㈡垚浜嗕竴绯诲垪“瀹舵棌瑙勫垯”锛屾墍鏈夋潈鍜岀粡钀ユ潈楂樺害闆嗕腑锛岄潰瀵瑰鏉傚鍙樼殑甯傚満锛岃兘澶熷揩閫熴€佸噯纭湴鍋氬嚭鍐崇瓥锛屾彁楂橀€傚簲甯傚満鐨勮兘鍔涳紝澧炲己鏈鏃忎紒涓氱殑绔炰簤浼樺娍銆?/span>

3.寮哄ぇ鐨勫嚌鑱氬姏

瀹舵棌寮忕鐞嗘ā寮忛€氳繃涓庢垚鍛樺垎浜叡鍚岀殑浠峰€艰鍜屼俊蹇碉紝鏋勫缓鍏卞悓鐨勮繙鏅紝灏嗚崳瑾夋劅銆佷娇鍛芥劅銆佽矗浠绘劅銆佸綊灞炴劅鍜屽繝璇氳瀺鍏ヤ簡浼佷笟銆備互寮哄ぇ鐨勫嚌鑱氬姏寮ヨˉ浜嗙鐞嗗钩搴弄€佹妧鏈綆涓嬬殑鍏堝ぉ涓嶈冻锛岃皟鍔ㄤ簡鎵€鏈夋垚鍛樼殑涓诲姩鎬у拰绉瀬鎬э紝浣夸箣浠ラケ婊$殑鐑儏鍜屽己鍔跨殑鎵ц鍔涙姇鍏ュ埌浼佷笟鐨勯珮鏁堣繍杞腑銆?/span>

4.鏈哄姩鐏垫椿鐨勮繍钀ユā寮?/span>

鍦ㄤ紒涓氬垱涓氬垵鏈燂紝鎴戝浗杩樻病鏈夌湡姝h繘鍏ュ競鍦虹粡娴庣ぞ浼氾紝瀹舵棌寮忎紒涓氱鐞嗘ā寮忕殑闅忔満鎬у拰鐏垫椿鎬э紝涓轰紒涓氭惌寤哄競鍦哄钩鍙板垱閫犱簡鏈夊埄鏉′欢銆傜敱浜庡鏃忔垚鍛樼洿鎺ユ唇璋堜笌璺熻繘涓氬姟锛岃緝鏄撲笌瀹㈡埛寤虹珛瀵嗗垏鍏崇郴锛岄€氳繃绉佷汉鎰熸儏锛岃揪鍒颁簰鎯犱簰鍒╋紝浠庤€岃幏寰楃ǔ瀹氱殑瀹㈡簮銆備繚璇佷簡甯傚満鐨勭珵浜夊湴浣嶃€?/span>

5.浣庢垚鏈珮鏁堣兘

鍦ㄤ紒涓氬垱涓氬垵鏈燂紝鑷湁璧勯噾灏戯紝甯傚満鍓嶆櫙涓嶆槑锛岀鐞嗙粡楠屼笉瓒筹紝

浣嗙敱浜庡悇瀹舵棌鎴愬憳涔嬮棿鐨勮缂樸€佸拰浜叉儏鍏崇郴锛屼娇寰椾粬浠湁鐫€楂樺害鐨勮鍚屾劅鍜岄粯濂戞劅锛涘叡鍚岀殑鎰挎櫙鍜岀洰鏍囷紝浣跨浉浜掗棿鐨勬敮鎸佸拰甯姪涓嶄互鐗╄川鍒╃泭涓轰富瑕佹潯浠躲€傚湪浼佷笟瑙勬ā灏忛渶瑕佽壈鑻﹀垱涓氭椂锛屽彲浠ヤ笉璁″伐璧勯珮浣庯紝鍙互涓嶅垎绾紝鍏ㄩ儴璧勯噾鐢ㄤ簬鎶曡祫锛涘湪浼佷笟鍙戠敓璐㈠姟鍥伴毦鏃讹紝鎵€鏈夋垚鍛樺彲浠ヤ箟鍔″伐浣滐紝甯姪浼佷笟搴﹁繃闅惧叧銆傝繖浣垮緱浼佷笟鑳戒互鏈€灏戠殑鎴愭湰鑾峰彇浜嗘渶澶х殑鏁堢泭銆?/span>

锛堜簩锛?/span>瀹舵棌浼佷笟绠$悊鐨勫紛绔?/span>

1.浼佷笟鍐崇瓥瓒婂彂缂轰箯绉戝鎬у強鎴樼暐鎬?/span>

浼佷笟鐨勬墍鏈夎€呭苟涓嶄竴瀹氬氨鏄紭绉€鐨勭鐞嗚€咃紝浠呴潬浼佷笟鎵€鏈夎€呬綔鍑虹殑缁忚惀鍐崇瓥闅惧厤浼氭湁澶辫锛岀壒鍒槸闅忕潃浼佷笟缁忚惀瑙勬ā鐨勬墿寮狅紝缁忔祹褰㈠娍鏃ュ鏉傦紝绔炰簤鏃ョ泭婵€鐑堬紝浠呴潬涓€浜轰富瑙傚喅绛栧緢闅句繚璇佽繖绉嶅喅绛栫殑绉戝鎬э紝浼佷笟瑕侀暱鏈熷彂灞曞氨闇€瑕佸喅绛栬€呯敤鎴樼暐鐨勭溂鍏夌湅闂锛岃繖灏遍渶瑕佷笓涓氬寲銆佽鑼冨寲鐨勪紒涓氱鐞嗭紝鑰屽湪瀹舵棌浼佷笟涓緢闅句繚璇佹煇涓喅绛栬€呬緷闈犱釜浜虹殑鎯虫硶灏辫兘澶熷仛鍑烘垬鐣ユ€у喅绛栥€傞殢鐫€浼佷笟鐨勬墿寮狅紝淇℃伅涓嶅绉板紑濮嬩骇鐢燂紝浼佷笟鍥㈤槦蹇犺瘹搴﹂€掑噺锛屾楠楀鏄撲骇鐢燂紝鍐嶄緷闈犵畝鍗曠殑绠$悊妯″紡锛屼細浣夸紒涓氫骇鐢熻澶氶棶棰樸€傚湪鎰堟潵鎰堟縺鐑堢殑甯傚満绔炰簤涓紝“瀹堕暱寮?rdquo;绠$悊妯″紡瀹规槗瀵艰嚧浼佷笟鎴樼暐鍐崇瓥澶辫銆傚鏃忎紒涓氱殑缁忚惀鑰呯粡钀ヤ紒涓氫粎浠呴潬鎰熸€ц璇嗗拰杩囧線缁忛獙锛屾槗浜х敓琛屼负鎯€э紝绠$悊缂轰箯绯荤粺璁鸿瘉鍜屽姣斿垎鏋愶紝鏄撳鑷翠紒涓氬彂鐢熸垬鐣ュ喅绛栧け璇紱鏇撮噸瑕佺殑鏄紒涓氶噰鍙?“瀹堕暱寮?rdquo;绠$悊妯″紡锛屽嚒浜嬩竴涓汉璇翠簡绠楋紝缂轰箯鏉ヨ嚜鍐呭鏈夋晥鐨勭洃鐫e弽棣堝拰鍒剁害鏈哄埗锛屽湪绔炰簤鐜鏃ヨ秼澶嶆潅鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屽喅绛栫殑姝g‘鎬у拰鍑嗙‘鎬уぇ鎵撴姌鎵c€?/span>

2.鍛樺伐绉瀬鎬у緱涓嶅埌鏈夋晥鍙戞尌锛屼紒涓氬嚌鑱氬姏涓嬮檷

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3.瀹舵棌浼佷笟寰堝ぇ绋嬪害涓婁緷闈犲鏃忓埗搴︽潵鏁村悎浼佷笟璧勬簮锛屼娇寰楀鏃忎紒涓氱ぞ浼氬寲婊炲悗

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4.鍦ㄥ鏃忎紒涓氱殑缁ф壙涓鏄撳嚭鐜版柇灞傞棶棰?/span>

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5.浼佷笟缂轰箯绉戝鏈夋晥鐨勭鐞嗘満鍒?/span>

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涓夈€?/span>鎻愬崌瀹舵棌浼佷笟绠$悊鐨勫绛?/span>

锛堜竴锛?/span>寤虹珛鏂板瀷鐨勭瀛︾殑鐜颁唬浼佷笟绠$悊妯″紡

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锛堜簩锛?/span>濉戦€犲鏃忎紒涓氱壒鏈夌殑浼佷笟鏂囧寲

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锛堜笁锛?/span>浜哄姏璧勬簮绠$悊

1.寮曡繘浜烘墠瑕佷换浜哄敮璐よ€屼笉鏄换浜哄敮浜?/span>

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2.寤虹珛鍋ュ叏婵€鍔辨満鍒?/span>

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3.浠ヤ汉涓烘湰锛屽煿鍏诲憳宸ョ殑褰掑睘鎰?/span>

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锛堝洓锛?/span>鍔犲己鏀垮簻寮曞

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鍥涖€?/span>缁撹

鎬讳箣锛屽鏃忎紒涓氳鎯冲湪鏃ヨ秼婵€鐑堢殑甯傚満缁忔祹绔炰簤涓珛浜庝笉璐ヤ箣鍦帮紝灏辫缁撳悎鑷韩鎯呭喌锛屽瀹舵棌寮忕鐞嗘ā寮忕殑鍒╁紛杩涜瀹㈣鐨勫垎鏋愶紝绉戝鍚堢悊鐨勮皟鏁达紝鎵暱閬跨煭锛屽箍寮€鎬濊矾锛屾墠鑳戒娇瀹舵棌浼佷笟闀跨洓涓嶈“銆?/span>

 

鍙傝€冩枃鐚?/span>

[1]绀句細璧勬湰涓庝腑鍥藉鏃忎紒涓氱鐞嗘ā寮忕殑杞瀷[J]. 寰愮淮缇? 鐢熶骇鍔涚爺绌? 2015(07)

[2]鍦ㄥ鏃忎紒涓氫腑寤虹珛鐜颁唬浼佷笟鍒跺害[J]. 娈靛崕. 绉戞妧缁忔祹甯傚満. 2014(04)

[3]涓浗瀹舵棌浼佷笟浼犳壙涓瓨鍦ㄧ殑闂涓庡绛朳J]. 褰箖. 涓浗鍟嗙晫(涓嬪崐鏈?. 2016(04)

[4]銆婄甯冩柉銆嬪彂甯冧腑鍥藉鏃忎紒涓氶浜戞[J]. 涓浗鎬讳細璁″笀. 2014(11)

[5]瀹舵棌浼佷笟鐨勪俊鎭祫婧愮鐞嗗洶澧冨拰瀵圭瓥鍒嗘瀽[J]. 璐炬澀鑳?姹紶闆?闄堟. 鐜颁唬鎯呮姤. 2016(04)

[6]鍩轰簬鍎掑鏂囧寲鐨勪腑鍥藉鏃忎紒涓氬熀鏈壒寰佸垎鏋怺J]. 鏉庨泟璇?钄″痉涓? 涓師宸ュ闄㈠鎶? 2015(04)

[7]涓浗瀹舵棌浼佷笟淇′换璧勬簮鏁村悎鍙婂埗搴︿繚闅滄帰璁╗J]. 寮犵ǚ閿? 姹曞ご澶у瀛︽姤. 2015(01)

[8]璁哄鏃忎紒涓氱殑鍙戝睍鍙婁腑鍥藉鏃忎紒涓氱殑鍙橀潻[J]. 鏉ㄩ泤鑿?鏉ㄥ厜骞? 涓婃捣绠$悊绉戝. 2016(04)

[9]涓浗瀹舵棌浼佷笟鐨勫彂灞曚笌绠$悊绛栫暐[J]. 鍚翠腹. 鍟嗕笟鏂囧寲(瀛︽湳鐗?. 2015(01)

[10]涓浗瀹舵棌浼佷笟鐨勬枃鍖栫壒寰佷笌绔炰簤浼樺娍[J]. 闄堟尝. 澶╂触绀句細绉戝. 2014(04)

 

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杩斿洖椤堕儴