鎮ㄥソ锛屾杩庢偍鏉ュ埌纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃戯紒
璁烘枃鎻愮翰 | 寮€棰樻姤鍛?/a> | 璁烘枃鎽樿 | 鍙傝€冩枃鐚?/a> | 璁烘枃鑷磋阿 | 璁烘枃淇敼 | 璁烘枃閫夐 | 鐮旂┒鐢熻鏂?/a> | 宸ョ▼纭曞+ | 璁烘枃鍙戣〃 | 鏂囩尞缁艰堪 | 璁烘枃鏍煎紡
璁烘枃PPT妯℃澘 | 娉曞璁烘枃 | 甯傚満钀ラ攢 | 璇█瀛﹁鏂?/a> | 宸ョ▼绠$悊 | 绠$悊璁烘枃 | 閲戣瀺璁烘枃 | 鎶ょ悊璁烘枃 | 鑻辫璁烘枃 | 鍐滀笟璁烘枃 | 鏀挎不璁烘枃
>> 娴呰皥宸ュ晢绠$悊淇℃伅鍖栫殑闂鍙婄瓥鐣?/a>
>> 娴呰皥鐢靛姏浼佷笟瀹夊叏鐢熶骇绠$悊涓庨闄╂帶
>> 璁烘瘺娉戒笢鎬濇兂瀵归珮鑱岄櫌鏍$殑鎬濇兂鏀挎不
>> 鎺㈡瀽姘村埄宸ョ▼绠$悊浣撳埗鐜扮姸涓庢敼闈╂帾
>> 澶у鐢熷弬涓庣綉璐风殑鍘熷洜涓庡奖鍝嶅洜绱犲垎
>> 鏂版椂鏈熻埅娴锋妧鏈殑鍙戝睍瓒嬪娍鎺㈢┒
>> AIS鎶€鏈湪鐜颁唬鑸捣涓殑杩愮敤鎺㈡瀽
>> 鑴婃煴鎹熶激鐨勬硶鍖诲妗堜緥涓璏RI妫€鏌ョ殑搴?/a>
>> 鈥?21楂橀搧闇稿骇鈥濅簨浠舵垚鍥犱笌璀﹀療鎵ф硶
>> 娴呰皥浣撹偛鍦洪璐㈠姟绠$悊闂涓庤川閲忔彁
>> 澶嶅埗鎬ц“鑰佷腑鍏ㄥ熀鍥犵粍鏌撹壊璐ㄥ紑鏀剧▼
>> 銆婂鑾洪銆嬫墍閫忛湶鍑虹殑姝讳骸瑙?/a>
>> 娴呰皥鎵╁ぇ閲戣瀺寮€鏀剧殑椋庨櫓涓庨噾铻嶇洃绠?/a>
>> 鏂拌鏍囦笅鍔犲己灏忓涓夊勾绾у彛璇〃杈捐兘
>> 鎺㈢┒绌哄煙浣跨敤鏉冨睘鎬у強鍏剁墿鏉冨睘鎬ч棶
>> 娴呰璐㈢粡鏂板獟浣撶鐞嗗洶澧冧笌鍔犲己鎺柦
>> 娴呮瀽涓撳埄闂存帴渚垫潈鐨勫煙澶栧埗搴︽瘮杈冨強
>> 娴呰皥鍒虹粶鎷旂綈鐤楁硶鐨勬満鍒跺強鍏跺湪涓尰
>> 鎴戝浗娉ㄥ唽浼氳甯堝埗搴﹀洶澧冧笌杩涗竴姝ヨ
>> 灏忓鑻辫鍏勾绾т笂鍐屾煇鍗曞厓璇炬枃鐨勬暀
>> 鍗″か鍗″皬璇翠腑鐨勭粏鑺傛弿鍐欐帰鏋?/a>
>> 涓夌被鑻辫娓告垙瀵逛竴浜屽勾绾у鐢熸暀瀛︾殑
>> 淇$敤鍩庡競寤鸿闈复鐨勯棶棰樹笌璺緞鎺㈢储
>> 鎺㈢┒鏂版椂鏈熸捣宄′袱宀稿叧绯诲彂灞曡秼鍔?/a>
>> 铻冭煿鐥呭褰卞搷鍥犵礌鍙婂叾鐢熺墿鎶€鏈槻娌?/a>
>> 鎮ㄧ殑浣嶇疆锛?a href='http://flywand.com/'>涓婚〉 > 璁烘枃鑼冩枃 > 浼氳璁烘枃 >

鏌愪簨涓氬崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜ф牳绠椾笌绠$悊鐜扮姸鍙婂姞寮烘帾鏂?/h1>

銆€

纭?a href="http://flywand.com/">鍗氳鏂囩綉鏄竴瀹朵笓涓氭彁渚涜鏂囧畾鍒朵慨鏀规湇鍔$殑缃戠珯锛屼笂10骞寸殑璁烘枃缁忛獙锛屾棤璁烘槸鏈璁烘枃銆佺澹鏂囪繕鏄湡鍒婅鏂囷紝鍗氬+璁烘枃锛屾垜浠兘鑳戒负鎮ㄦ彁渚涙柟渚裤€佸揩鎹枫€佸畨鍏ㄧ殑璁烘枃鏈嶅姟銆備互涓嬫槸纭曞崥璁烘枃缃戝皬缂栦负鎮ㄧ簿蹇冩寫閫夌殑涓€绡囦細璁″璁烘枃姣曚笟璁烘枃鑼冩枃锛屽唴瀹规槸鍏充簬鏌愪簨涓氬崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜ф牳绠椾笌绠$悊鐜扮姸鍙婂姞寮烘帾鏂姐€傛湰鏂囦互绂忓缓鐪佹煇浜嬩笟鍗曚綅涓轰緥锛岄€氳繃璋冩煡璇ュ崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜ф牳绠楀強绠$悊鎯呭喌鍏ユ墜锛屽垎鏋愬瓨鍦ㄧ殑涓昏闂鍙婂師鍥狅紝杩涜€屾彁鍑虹浉鍏冲畬鍠勬帾鏂藉拰瀵圭瓥銆傘€備互渚涘弬鑰冦€備互渚涘悇浣嶅悓瀛﹀弬鑰冿紝甯屾湜瀵瑰ぇ瀹舵湁鎵€甯姪銆?/strong>
銆€鎽?nbsp;   瑕侊細銆€闅忕潃璐㈡斂閮ㄦ柊鏀垮簻浼氳鍑嗗垯鍩烘湰鍑嗗垯鍜屻€婃斂搴滀細璁″噯鍒欑3鍙?mdash;—鍥哄畾璧勪骇銆嬬殑棰佸竷鍜屽疄鏂斤紝瀵逛簨涓氬崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜ф牳绠楀強绠$悊宸ヤ綔鎻愬嚭浜嗘柊瑕佹眰銆傚綋鍓嶏紝閮ㄥ垎浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍦ㄥ浐瀹氳祫浜ф牳绠楀強绠$悊宸ヤ綔瀹炶返涓紝浠嶅瓨鍦ㄤ細璁′汉鍛樼礌璐ㄥ弬宸笉榻愩€佸浐瀹氳祫浜ц处闈㈡暟涓庡疄闄呬娇鐢ㄦ暟涓嶇绛夐棶棰樸€傛湰鏂囦互绂忓缓鐪佹煇浜嬩笟鍗曚綅涓轰緥锛岄€氳繃璋冩煡璇ュ崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜ф牳绠楀強绠$悊鎯呭喌锛屽垎鏋愬瓨鍦ㄧ殑涓昏闂鍙婂師鍥狅紝杩涜€屾彁鍑虹浉鍏冲畬鍠勬帾鏂藉拰瀵圭瓥銆傝鍗曚綅鎶樺皠鍑哄綋鍓嶄簨涓氬崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜ф牳绠楀強绠$悊鎵€闈复鐨勮緝澶氬叡鎬ч棶棰橈紝鍥犳锛屾湰鏂囦篃鏃ㄥ湪涓句竴鍙嶄笁锛屼互鏈熻揪鍒版姏鐮栧紩鐜夌殑鏁堟灉銆?/span>

鏌愪簨涓氬崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜ф牳绠椾笌绠$悊鐜扮姸鍙婂姞寮烘帾鏂? src=

銆€銆€鍏抽敭璇嶏細銆€浜嬩笟鍗曚綅; 鍥哄畾璧勪骇; 鏍哥畻鍙婄鐞? 闂涓庡绛?

銆€銆€浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍥哄畾璧勪骇鏄寚浼氳涓讳綋涓烘弧瓒宠嚜韬紑灞曚笟鍔℃椿鍔ㄦ垨鍏朵粬娲诲姩闇€瑕佽€屾帶鍒剁殑锛屼娇鐢ㄥ勾闄愯秴杩?骞?涓嶅惈1骞?銆佸崟浣嶄环鍊煎湪瑙勫畾鏍囧噯浠ヤ笂锛屽苟鍦ㄤ娇鐢ㄨ繃绋嬩腑鍩烘湰淇濇寔鍘熸湁鐗╄川褰㈡€佺殑璧勪骇锛屼竴鑸寘鎷埧灞嬪強鏋勭瓚鐗┿€佷笓鐢ㄨ澶囥€侀€氱敤璁惧绛夈€傛垨鍗曚綅浠峰€艰櫧鏈揪鍒拌瀹氭爣鍑嗭紝浣嗕娇鐢ㄥ勾闄愯秴杩?骞?涓嶅惈1骞?鐨勫ぇ鎵瑰悓绫荤墿璐紝濡傚浘涔︺€佸鍏枫€佺敤鍏风瓑锛屼篃搴旂‘璁や负鍥哄畾璧勪骇銆傚綋鍓嶏紝浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍥哄畾璧勪骇鏍哥畻鍙婄鐞嗗寘鎷祫浜ч厤缃€佷娇鐢ㄥ強澶勭悊绛夌浉鍏崇幆鑺傦紝鍦ㄥ伐浣滃疄璺典腑锛屽瓨鍦ㄤ細璁′汉鍛樼礌璐ㄥ弬宸笉榻愩€佸浐瀹氳祫浜ц处闈㈡暟涓庡疄闄呬娇鐢ㄦ暟涓嶇銆佸浐瀹氳祫浜ц繍琛屾晥鐜囦笉楂樺強鍥哄畾璧勪骇璐疆鏈缓绔嬫槑缁嗚处绠$悊绛夐棶棰樸€傚洜姝わ紝鐮旂┒浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍥哄畾璧勪骇鏍哥畻鍙婄鐞嗛棶棰樺叿鏈夊崄鍒嗛噸瑕佺殑鐜板疄鎰忎箟銆傛湰鏂囦互绂忓缓鐪佹煇浜嬩笟鍗曚綅涓轰緥锛岄€氳繃璋冩煡璇ュ崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜ф牳绠楀強绠$悊鎯呭喌鍏ユ墜锛屽垎鏋愬瓨鍦ㄧ殑涓昏闂鍙婂師鍥狅紝杩涜€屾彁鍑虹浉鍏冲畬鍠勬帾鏂藉拰瀵圭瓥銆?/span>

銆€銆€涓€銆佺寤虹渷鏌愪簨涓氬崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜ф牳绠楀強绠$悊鎯呭喌璋冩煡

銆€銆€(涓€)鍥哄畾璧勪骇姒傚喌璋冩煡鎯呭喌

銆€銆€鍦熷湴浣跨敤鏉冦€佹埧灞嬪強鍦颁笂闄勫睘鐗?1996骞村垝鎷ㄥ彇寰椾竴骞呭湡鍦颁娇鐢ㄦ潈锛岄潰绉?.3浜?鍔炲叕妤间簩骞紝鍧囦负1997骞村缓鎴愶紝寤虹瓚闈㈢Н璁?510骞虫柟绫筹紝鍏朵腑鏈変竴骞㈡ゼ涓害900骞虫柟绫冲澶栧嚭绉燂紝杩戜笁骞寸閲戝潎涓?0鍏?骞虫柟绫?middot;鏈?鍦颁笂闄勫睘鐗╂湁鍥村銆佸ぇ闂ㄣ€佷繚瀹夊鍙婄豢鍖栫瓑锛屽叾涓豢鍖栭潰绉害850骞虫柟绫筹紝骞剁粺涓€璐拱鐩嗘櫙鑺卞崏鐢ㄤ簬鍔炲叕妤煎唴缁垮寲瑁呯偣銆備笓鐢ㄨ澶?鍚勭鍏蜂綋涓撻棬鎬ц兘鍜屼笓闂ㄧ敤閫旂殑璁惧锛屽寘鎷悇绉嶄华鍣ㄥ拰鏈烘璁惧绛夈€備富瑕佹湁閲庡鏁版嵁閲囬泦鍣ㄣ€佺墿鎺㈣澶囥€佸垎鏋愪华鍣ㄨ澶囩瓑涓撶敤璁惧鍏辫121鍙?浠?銆備竴鑸澶?鍔炲叕鐨勯€氱敤鎬ц澶囥€佷氦閫氬伐鍏枫€侀€氫俊宸ュ叿鍙婂姙鍏鍏风瓑銆備富瑕佹湁鍔炲叕鐢佃剳51鍙般€佹墦鍗版満47鍙般€佹満鍔ㄨ溅6杈嗐€傚浘涔?鐢ㄤ簬宸ヤ綔闇€瑕佺殑鍚勭被鍙傝€冭祫鏂欑害340鏈?濂?銆?/span>

銆€銆€(浜?鍥哄畾璧勪骇鏍哥畻鍙婄鐞嗘儏鍐佃皟鏌?/span>

銆€銆€(1)涓嶅姩浜у強鍦颁笂闄勫睘鐗┿€傚姙鍏敤鎴垮強闄勫睘鐗╂埧鏈繘琛屾棩甯哥淮鎶わ紝浠呭湪鍑虹幇鎺夋紗銆佹淮婕忕瓑涓存椂鑱樿浜哄憳杩涜淇籍锛岀豢鍖栧垯鎸夊搴﹀鑱樺洯鏋楀伐杩涜淇壀锛岃垂鐢?000鍏?骞达紝鑺卞崏鐩嗘櫙鐢卞崟浣嶇粺涓€璐拱銆?2)鐢ㄨ澶囩鐞嗐€備笓鐢ㄨ澶囨槸璇ュ崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜х鐞嗙殑閲嶇偣椤圭洰锛屽浜庡ぇ鍨嬭澶囧疄琛屾寜宸ヤ綔灏忕粍鍒嗛厤浣跨敤锛屼絾鏈疄鐜颁笓浜轰娇鐢ㄧ鐞嗭紝瀵逛簬灏忓瀷璁惧鍒欏缁勮疆娴併€佷氦鍙変娇鐢紝鍚勯」璁惧骞寸淮淇強鏇存崲璐圭敤5涓囦綑鍏冦€?3)涓€鑸澶囩鐞嗐€傜數鑴戝熀鏈疄琛屼竴浜轰竴鏈恒€佷笓浜轰娇鐢ㄥ拰绠$悊锛屼絾浠嶆湁闂茬疆鐢佃剳16鍙版棤浜轰娇鐢紝鎹熷潖鐨勭數鑴戝垯闆嗕腑鍫嗘斁鍦ㄥ崟鐙殑鍌ㄨ棌闂达紝杈冨皯鍔炵悊鎶ュ簾鎵嬬画;灏忚揣杞︺€佸皬杞︽棩甯哥淮淇畾鐐逛簬涓€瀹惰溅淇巶锛岃垂鐢ㄥ垎鍒负1杈嗗皬璐ц溅绾?500鍏?骞淬€?灏忚溅绾?5000鍏?骞达紝涓旀湁2閮ㄥ皬杞﹀洜鍙戝姩鏈洪噸澶ф晠闅滄棤娉曚娇鐢紝闀垮勾鍋滈潬鍦ㄥ崟浣嶅ぇ闄㈠唴锛屼篃鏈饱琛屾姤搴熸墜缁€?4)鍥句功绠$悊銆傚悇绫绘妧鏈鑼冨強鍏朵粬涔︽湰澶ч儴鍒嗗垎甯冨湪鎶€鏈汉鍛樻墜澶翠娇鐢紝涓斿父鍑虹幇涓㈠け鐜拌薄锛岀壒鍒槸璐拱澶氬勾鐨勫浘涔︺€?/span>

銆€銆€浜屻€佺寤虹渷鏌愪簨涓氬崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜ф牳绠楀強绠$悊瀛樺湪鐨勪富瑕侀棶棰?/span>

銆€銆€(涓€)鍥哄畾璧勪骇璐疆鍙婇厤缃幆鑺傚瓨鍦ㄧ殑闂

銆€銆€涓昏闂琛ㄧ幇涓轰互涓嬩笁涓柟闈?绗竴锛岀紪鍒跺浐瀹氳祫浜у勾搴﹁喘缃绠椾笉瀹㈣銆佺瀛︺€傞儴鍒嗛绠楄秴鍑哄疄闄呬娇鐢ㄦ暟閲忛渶姹傦紝澶氭姤澶氳喘锛屾垨灏嗗墿浣欓绠楄祫閲戠敤浣滃叾浠栧紑鏀紝閫犳垚閮ㄥ垎鍥哄畾璧勪骇鐩茬洰璐拱锛屾氮璐硅祫閲?绗簩锛屽浐瀹氳祫浜ч厤缃笉鍚堢悊銆備粠浠ヤ笂璋冩煡鍒嗘瀽鍙煡锛屽:鐢佃剳閲嶅璐拱銆佽缃氮璐圭幇璞¤緝涓轰弗閲嶏紝鍏朵富瑕佸師鍥?閮ㄥ垎棰嗗鎴栧伐浣滀汉鍛樺洜閫€浼戙€佽皟鍔紝鏂拌繘浜哄憳鏈娇鐢ㄦ棫鐢佃剳锛屽苟鐢宠璐疆鏂扮數鑴?鎴栬鍗曚綅鏈繘琛屽浐瀹氳祫浜ф竻鏌ワ紝鏈皢鍥哄畾璧勪骇涓庡疄闄呭湪宀椾綅浜烘暟缁熺鑰冭檻;绗笁锛岄浂鏄熻喘涔扮墿鍝侊紝鍥犲崟娆¤喘涔颁环鍊间綆涓嬫湭鍒楀叆鍥哄畾璧勪骇锛岃€屾槸鐩存帴鍒楁敮璐圭敤銆?/span>

銆€銆€(浜?鍥哄畾璧勪骇浣跨敤鏈熼棿瀛樺湪鐨勪富瑕侀棶棰?/span>

銆€銆€绗竴锛屽浐瀹氳祫浜ц处瀹炰笉绗︺€傝鍗曚綅鍦ㄨ祫浜ф棩甯哥鐞嗗伐浣滀腑锛屾湭鍋ュ叏璧勪骇寤鸿处銆佹牳绠楀拰鐧昏宸ヤ綔锛屾湭瀹氭湡杩涜娓呮煡鐩樼偣锛屽璧勪骇鐩樼泩銆佺洏浜忔湭杩涜鍙婃椂澶勭悊锛屽苟鍦ㄥ璁℃鏌ュ紑灞曠殑鑱樿涓粙鏈烘瀯杩涜鍥哄畾璧勪骇娓呬骇鏍歌祫娲诲姩鏃讹紝鍑虹幇澶ч噺鐨勫浐瀹氳祫浜хН骞寸洏浜忋€傚悓鏃讹紝閮ㄥ垎鍥哄畾璧勪骇涓嶅強鏃跺叆璐︾敋鑷充笉鍏ヨ处銆傚:涓婄骇銆佺ぞ浼氬鍔遍厤鍙戠殑鐢佃剳銆佷笓鐢ㄨ澶囩瓑鏈櫥璁板叆璐︼紝鍏蜂綋浣跨敤浜轰笉璇︼紝鍙兘浜х敓鍚庣画鏌ユ棤姝ゅ浐瀹氳祫浜х殑闅愭偅銆?/span>

銆€銆€绗簩锛岄儴鍒嗙粡钀ユ€у浐瀹氳祫浜ф敹鐩婁綆涓嬶紝闅愬舰娴佸け銆傞€氳繃浠ヤ笂璋冩煡鍙煡锛岄儴鍒嗗姙鍏埧鐢ㄤ簬鍑虹锛岃繎涓夊勾鏉ョ閲戝浐瀹氾紝涓旂閲戞病鏈夊疄琛屽勾閫掑鍚堝悓绾﹀畾锛岄€犳垚鍚堝悓绉熼噾鏄庢樉浣庝簬甯傚満浠峰€硷紝瀵艰嚧鍥芥湁璧勪骇鐨勯殣褰㈡祦澶便€?/span>

銆€銆€(涓?鍥哄畾璧勪骇鎶ュ簾澶勭疆鐜妭瀛樺湪鐨勪富瑕侀棶棰?/span>

銆€銆€绗竴锛屽閮ㄥ垎璧勪骇鐩樹簭鐨勫師鍥犵己涔忓叏闈€佹繁鍏ョ殑璋冩煡鍒嗘瀽锛屼粎浠呬互涓粙浜嬪姟鎵€鐨勬竻浜ф牳璧勭洏浜忔姤鍛婂強娓呭崟浣滀负渚濇嵁锛屽湪鍑哄叿鐩樹簭澶勭疆鐢宠鎶ュ憡骞舵彁浜ゅ浗鏈夎祫浜х鐞嗛儴闂ㄥ鎵归€氳繃鍚庯紝渚垮皢鎵€鏈夌殑鐩樹簭璧勪骇鍚堟硶鍖栧湴浠庤处闈㈣皟鍑忋€?/span>

銆€銆€绗簩锛岄儴鍒嗗浐瀹氳祫浜ф姤搴熷缃笉鍙婃椂鎴栨彁鍓嶅姙鐞嗐€傚锛岃鍗曚綅鐨?閮ㄥ皬杞﹂暱鏈熸湭灞ヨ鎶ュ簾鎵嬬画锛岄€犳垚璐﹀疄涓嶇;鍐嶅锛屾枃浠舵煖鎴栫數鑴戜娇鐢?锝?骞村悗闂茬疆鎴栫鑷綋浣滃簾鍝佹墧寮冿紝鍥哄畾璧勪骇鍒╃敤鐜囦綆涓嬨€?/span>

銆€銆€涓夈€佸畬鍠勫浐瀹氳祫浜ф牳绠楀強绠$悊鐨勭浉鍏冲绛栧強寤鸿

銆€銆€(涓€)鍥哄畾璧勪骇璐疆鐜妭瀛樺湪鐨勯棶棰?/span>

銆€銆€绗竴锛岀瀛︾紪鍒跺浐瀹氳祫浜у勾搴﹁喘缃绠椼€傚湪骞村害棰勭畻鏃讹紝鐢辨湰鍗曚綅鍚勭浉鍏抽儴闂ㄧ粺涓€鎻愬嚭璐疆鍥哄畾璧勪骇鐢宠锛屽苟鐢辨湰鍗曚綅璐㈠姟瀹ゃ€佸姙鍏绛夐儴闂ㄧ粍鎴愯仈鍚堝鏌ュ皬缁勶紝鏍稿疄鎷熻喘缃殑鍥哄畾璧勪骇鏄惁纭渶璐拱銆佹湁鏃犻噸澶嶈喘涔扮瓑鎯呭舰锛屽苟鎶ユ湰鍗曚綅棰嗗闆嗕綋鐮旂┒鍐冲畾锛屾渶缁堝舰鎴愬勾搴﹁喘涔伴绠椼€?/span>

銆€銆€绗簩锛屼弗鏍兼帶鍒堕浂鏄熻喘涔扮墿鍝佽涓恒€傚湪瀹炶返涓紝甯稿父鍑虹幇涓鸿閬胯揪鍒颁竴瀹氶噾棰濊€屽垪鍏ュ浐瀹氳祫浜ц喘涔扮▼搴忥紝渚垮疄琛屽垎鎵硅喘涔般€佸寲鏁翠负闆堕噰璐殑琛屼负銆傚洜姝わ紝瀵规。妗堟煖銆佸姙鍏妞呫€佹墦鍗版満绛夌墿鍝佸簲灏介噺鎸夋壒閲忚喘涔帮紝骞跺垪鍏ュ浐瀹氳祫浜с€?/span>

銆€銆€绗笁锛屽缓绔嬪浐瀹氳祫浜х紪鍙风櫥璁板埗搴︺€傚湪鍥哄畾璧勪骇璐疆鍒嗛厤涔嬪垵锛屽鍥哄畾璧勪骇杩涜缂栧彿锛屽苟瀹炶涓撲汉绠$悊锛岀敱涓撲汉灏嗚喘缃洖鐨勫浐瀹氳祫浜х粺涓€鐧昏褰曞叆鐢佃剳锛屼究浜庝粖鍚庡姩鎬佺鐞嗐€傚湪鍥哄畾璧勪骇璐疆銆佹姤搴熷強缁翠慨鏃跺潎杩涜淇℃伅澶囨敞鎴栨洿鏂帮紝鍋氬ソ缁翠慨璁板綍锛屽苟鐢辨湰鍗曚綅浣跨敤浜哄憳鍜岀淮淇汉鍛樼鍚嶃€?/span>

銆€銆€(浜?鍥哄畾璧勪骇浣跨敤鏈熼棿鐩稿叧瀵圭瓥

銆€銆€绗竴锛屽疄鐜板浐瀹氳祫浜ц处瀹炵浉绗︺€傚湪璧勪骇鏃ュ父绠$悊宸ヤ綔涓紝搴斿仴鍏ㄨ祫浜у缓璐︺€佹牳绠楀拰鐧昏宸ヤ綔鍒跺害锛屽畾鏈熻繘琛屾竻鏌ョ洏鐐癸紝鍙婃椂澶勭悊璧勪骇鐩樼泩銆佺洏浜忋€傚悓鏃讹紝瀵瑰悇鍥哄畾璧勪骇搴斿強鏃跺叆璐︺€?/span>

銆€銆€绗簩锛屽姞寮虹粡钀ユ€у浐瀹氳祫浜ф敹鐩婄鐞嗐€傞儴鍒嗙敤浜庡嚭绉熺殑鍔炲叕鎴匡紝鍦ㄤ笂涓€杞璧佹湡闄愬埌鏈熷悗锛屽簲濮旀墭鏈夎祫璐ㄧ殑璇勪及鍏徃锛屾牴鎹閲戝競鍦鸿鎯呰瘎瀹氬瑙傜閲戜环鍊硷紝骞跺悎鐞嗛瑙佷粖鍚庝笁骞村闀挎€佸娍锛屽湪绛捐绉熻祦鍚堝悓鏃讹紝璁惧畾骞撮€掑姣斾緥锛岀‘淇濆浗鏈夎祫浜т笉娴佸け銆傚悓鏃讹紝閫氳繃鍏紑绔炵鏂瑰紡锛屽彂甯冪璧佸叕鍛婏紝浼樺厛閫夋嫨绉熼噾鎶ヤ环楂樸€佷俊瑾夎壇濂界殑涓讳綋浣滀负鎵跨鏂广€?/span>

銆€銆€绗笁锛屾槑纭娇鐢ㄨ矗浠汇€備粠婧愬ご涓婁笅鍔熷か锛?ldquo;浜烘満鍚堜竴”“璋佷娇鐢ㄣ€佽皝璐熻矗”銆傚:閲庡鏁版嵁閲囬泦鍣ㄣ€佺墿鎺㈣澶囥€佸垎鏋愪华鍣ㄨ澶囩瓑涓撶敤璁惧搴斿缓绔嬪浐瀹氳祫浜х鐞嗗崱锛屽苟鐧昏浣跨敤浜恒€佹崯鍧忓強缁存姢鎯呭喌銆佹洿鎹娇鐢ㄤ汉浜ゆ帴鎯呭喌绛変俊鎭?瀵圭數鑴戠瓑涓€鑸澶囷紝瀹炶瀹氭湡缁存姢鍒跺害锛屽畾鏈熸潃姣掋€佸畾鏈熸娴嬬‖浠惰澶囷紝闃叉鍥犲湪浣跨敤杩囩▼涓殑浜轰负鍥犵礌閫犳垚鐢佃剳鐨勬崯鍧忥紝闄嶄綆鍥哄畾璧勪骇鐨勪娇鐢ㄦ晥鐜?鍔犲己杞﹁締缁存姢绠$悊锛岄€氳繃澶氬璇环鏂瑰紡锛屾瘡骞存洿鎹㈢淮淇偣锛屽皢杞﹁締缁存姢璐圭敤鎺у埗鍦ㄥ悎鐞嗚寖鍥村唴;鍔犲己鍗曚綅鍐呴儴缁垮寲缁存姢绠$悊锛屽畾鏈熺淮鎶わ紝鍙婃椂鎭㈠鏋鏍戞湪鍙婅崏鍧殑缁垮寲锛屽鍔炲叕妤煎唴閮ㄧ殑鐩嗘櫙缁垮寲锛屽缓璁噰鐢ㄧ璧佽姳鐩嗙殑褰㈠紡锛屽苟鏍规嵁瀛h妭鍙樺寲瀹氭湡鏇存崲鑺辩锛屼互杈惧埌缇庡寲鍗曚綅鐜銆佽妭绾︽垚鏈殑鍙岄噸鐩爣銆?/span>

銆€銆€(涓?鍥哄畾璧勪骇鎶ュ簾澶勭疆鐜妭鐩稿叧瀵圭瓥

銆€銆€绗竴锛屽閮ㄥ垎璧勪骇鐩樹簭鐨勫師鍥犺繘琛屽叏闈€佺粏鑷寸殑璋冩煡鍒嗘瀽锛屽苟缁撳悎涓粙浜嬪姟鎵€鐨勬竻浜ф牳璧勭洏浜忔姤鍛婂強娓呭崟渚濇嵁锛屽湪鎻愪氦鍥芥湁璧勪骇绠$悊閮ㄩ棬瀹℃壒閫氳繃鍚庯紝灏嗙洏浜忚祫浜т粠璐﹂潰璋冨噺銆?/span>

銆€銆€绗簩锛屽強鏃跺姙鐞嗛儴鍒嗗浐瀹氳祫浜ф姤搴熷缃墜缁€傚浗瀹跺浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍥哄畾璧勪骇澶勭疆瑙勫畾浜嗗鎵归噾棰濊捣鐐癸紝搴斿己鍖栧浐瀹氳祫浜у缃剰璇嗐€傝鍗曚綅鐨?閮ㄥ皬杞﹀簲鎸変氦绠¢儴闂ㄧ浉鍏宠瀹氬姙鐞嗘姤搴熸墜缁紝骞跺疄鐜拌处瀹炵浉绗?浠櫒銆佹枃浠舵煖鎴栫數鑴戠瓑璁惧璁炬柦鍦ㄦ姤搴熷缃椂锛屽簲濮旀墭鏈夎祫璐ㄧ殑璇勪及鏈烘瀯璇勪及娈嬪€硷紝骞剁粡鍥哄畾璧勪骇绠$悊閮ㄩ棬瀹℃牳澶囨锛屽啀杩涜鍏紑绔炲崠锛岄槻姝㈡湰鍗曚綅浜哄憳绉佽嚜澶勭疆鑰岄€犳垚鐨勫浗鏈夎祫浜ф祦澶辩幇璞°€?/span>
纭?a href="http://flywand.com/" style="text-decoration-line: none; font-size: 12px; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">鍗氳鏂囩綉鏄竴瀹朵笓涓氭彁渚涜鏂囧畾鍒朵慨鏀规湇鍔$殑缃戠珯锛屼笂10骞寸殑璁烘枃缁忛獙锛屾棤璁烘槸鏈璁烘枃銆佺澹鏂囪繕鏄湡鍒婅鏂囷紝鍗氬+璁烘枃锛屾垜浠兘鑳戒负鎮ㄦ彁渚涙柟渚裤€佸揩鎹枫€佸畨鍏ㄧ殑璁烘枃鏈嶅姟銆?/span>

銆€銆€[1] 瀹嬩腹锛庤浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍥哄畾璧勪骇鏍哥畻瀛樺湪鐨勯棶棰樹笌瀵圭瓥[J]锛庢睙鑻忓晢璁猴紝2017(11):23-24.
銆€銆€[2] 閮濆拸姊咃紟浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍥哄畾璧勪骇绠$悊涓瓨鍦ㄩ棶棰樹笌瀵圭瓥[J]锛庣綉缁滆储瀵岋紝2017(12):45-47.
銆€銆€[3]榫欎腹锛庤鏀夸簨涓氬崟浣嶅浗鏈夊浐瀹氳祫浜х鐞嗗瓨鍦ㄧ殑闂鍙婂绛栫爺绌禰J]锛庤储缁忕晫(瀛︽湳鐗?锛?020(6):22-23.
銆€銆€[4]钄′紵浼燂紟浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍥哄畾璧勪骇绠$悊鐨勯棶棰樺強瀵圭瓥[J]锛庤储浼氬涔狅紝2020(9):211,213.
銆€銆€[5]鍒橀潚鏉撅紟浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍥哄畾璧勪骇绠$悊闂鍙婂绛栨帰鏋怺J]锛庝腑鍥戒埂闀囦紒涓氫細璁★紝2020(2):141-142.
銆€銆€[6]闊╄幑濞燂紟琛屾斂浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍥哄畾璧勪骇绠$悊闂鍙婂绛栧垎鏋怺J]锛庣撼绋庯紝2020,14(5):278+280.
銆€銆€[7]榛勬枌锛庝簨涓氬崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜х鐞嗗瓨鍦ㄧ殑闂鍙婂绛朳J]锛庝腑鍥介泦浣撶粡娴庯紝2020(4):39-40.
銆€銆€[8]涓囨磥锛庤瘯鏋愭柊褰㈠娍涓嬩簨涓氬崟浣嶅浐瀹氳祫浜х鐞嗗瓨鍦ㄧ殑闂鍙婂绛朳J]锛庤储浼氬涔狅紝2020(1):195-196.
銆€銆€[9]鐜嬬浜戯紟琛屾斂浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍥哄畾璧勪骇绠$悊瀛樺湪鐨勯棶棰樹笌瀵圭瓥鐮旂┒[J]锛庝腑鍥介泦浣撶粡娴庯紝2020(2):35-37.
銆€銆€[10]鍐姖鐏碉紟琛屾斂浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍥哄畾璧勪骇绠$悊鐨勯棶棰樺強瀵圭瓥鎺㈢┒[J]锛庡晢璁紝2019(35):149-150.

纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃? /></td>
  </tr>
</table>
<table width=

纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃? 娆㈣繋鎮ㄧ殑鍜ㄨ锛佹垜浠皢涓烘偍鎻愪緵鏈€浼樿川銆侀珮鏁堢殑鏈嶅姟锛?br /> 涓撲笟鏈嶅姟锛屼紭璐ㄥ洟闃燂紝璇氫俊楂樻晥锛屽€煎緱淇¤禆锛?br /> 婀業CP澶?9012525鍙?/a>

杩斿洖椤堕儴