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鍏充簬銆婂ゥ璧涚綏銆嬪墽涓讳汉鍏殑浼︾悊韬唤銆佸洶澧冨強閫夋嫨

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銆€鎽?nbsp;   瑕侊細銆€銆婂ゥ璧涚綏銆嬫槸涓€閮ㄤ互琛ㄧ幇绉嶆棌姝ц鑳屾櫙涓嬬殑浼︾悊闂涓烘垙鍓т富棰樹笌鎺ㄥ姩鍔涚殑缁忓吀鐫€浣溿€傝鍓у桨鏄惧嚭鑾庡+姣斾簹瀵逛汉鎬у急鐐圭殑楂樺害鍏虫敞鍜屽浼︾悊閬撳痉鐨勭粏鑷存帰绌躲€備腑鍥藉剴瀛﹀湪浼︾悊鏂归潰鍏锋湁绮炬繁涓斾赴瀵岀殑闃愰噴閫斿緞,浠ユ鐩稿叧鐞嗚缁嗚鍜岀爺绌躲€婂ゥ璧涚綏銆?浠庝鸡鐞嗚韩浠姐€佷鸡鐞嗗洶澧冨拰浼︾悊閫夋嫨涓変釜鏂归潰鍒嗘瀽濂ヨ禌缃楃殑鎮插墽鎴愬洜,涓嶄粎鑳芥洿娣卞眰娆″湴鍛堢幇璇ラ儴鎴忓墽鐨勪鸡鐞嗗唴娑靛拰閬撳痉鍚ず,鍚屾椂涔熸嫇灞曚簡姝ゅ墽鐨勭爺绌剁┖闂淬€?/span>

鍏充簬銆婂ゥ璧涚綏銆嬪墽涓讳汉鍏殑浼︾悊韬唤銆佸洶澧冨強閫夋嫨

銆€銆€鍏抽敭璇嶏細銆€濂ヨ禌缃? 鑾庡+姣斾簹鎴忓墽; 浼︾悊闂; 鍎掑浼︾悊;

銆€銆€Abstract锛氥€€Othello is a classic tragedy with the theme and motive of ethical question under the shadow of racial discrimination.The drama demonstrates Shakespeare's great concern for human weakness and meticulous exploration of ethics. Meanwhile, traditional Chinese Confucianism has a profound and rich way to interpret ethics. So, from the perspective of the relevant theories of Confucian ethics, the causes of Othello's tragedy are explored in light of ethical identity, ethical dilemma and ethical selection. It not only unveils the ethical connotations and moral inspirations of the drama in a deeper level, but also expands the research space and exploration scope of this drama.

銆€銆€Keyword锛氥€€Othello; Shakespeare's drama; ethical question; Confucian ethics;

銆€銆€鑾庡+姣斾簹琚┈鍏嬫€濈О涓?ldquo;鏈€浼熷ぇ鐨勫ぉ鎵嶄箣涓€”,浠栫殑鎴忓墽浣滃搧琚瘧鎴愬悇鍥借瑷€涓轰汉浠箍娉涢槄璇汇€傜編鍥界潃鍚嶈瘲浜鸿壘鐣ョ壒鏇捐:“鑾庡+姣斾簹鐨勬壒璇勬€绘槸闅忕潃涓栫晫鍙樺寲鑰屽彉鍖栥€?rdquo;[1]淇勭綏鏂€濇兂瀹惰垗鏂墭澶垯璁や负鑾庣縼鐪嬪埌浜嗕汉鎬ф繁澶勭殑骞芥殫,灞曠ず浜嗕竴绉嶆偛鍓х殑鍝插銆傚湪鑾庡+姣斾簹鐨勮澶氫綔鍝佷腑,銆婂ゥ璧涚綏銆嬫浘缁忓紩璧峰鏈晫鐨勬棤鏁扮殑浜夎銆傚浜庤繖閮ㄦ垙鍓х殑璇勪环,鐞嗚瀹舵柉娉版柉鎻愬嚭,“銆婂ゥ璧涚綏銆嬩竴鍓т笉鏄〃鐜板珘濡?鑰屾槸琛ㄧ幇濂ヨ禌缃楃殑瀚夊,涓€涓笌濞佸凹鏂濞樿仈璋婄殑鎽╁皵浜哄彲鑳芥劅瑙夊埌鐨勯偅绉嶇壒娈婄殑瀚夊銆?rdquo;[2]浠栬涓鸿帋澹瘮浜氭槸浠ュゥ璧涚綏涓轰汉鐗╄薄寰佹潵鎻ず绉嶆棌涔嬮棿鐨勪鸡鐞嗛棶棰樸€傝嫳鍥芥垙鍓т綔瀹舵墭椹柉·鍒╁ⅷ鍚屾牱鎸囧嚭:“杩欎釜鏁呬簨鐨勯亾寰锋剰涔夊綋鐒舵槸瀵屾湁鏁欑泭鐨?瀹冩暀瀵艰搐鑹殑涓诲瑕佸ソ濂戒繚绠¤嚜宸辩殑鎵嬬虎銆?rdquo;[3]瑷€涓嬩箣鎰?璇ュ墽瀵逛簬濡囧コ鍦ㄥ搴腑搴旀媴褰撶殑浼︾悊韬唤涔熶綔鍑轰簡鐗瑰畾鎴栧叿浣撶殑瑕佹眰銆傜旱瑙傚浗鍐呭瀛﹁€呭杩欓儴鎴忓墽鐨勭爺绌?涓昏鑱氱劍浜庝笁涓柟闈?浠ヤ汉鏂囦富涔夎瑙掑浜虹墿鐨勬€ф牸鐗圭偣杩涜澶氬眰娆¤В璇?浠庡紬娲涗紛寰峰績鐞嗙粨鏋勭悊璁哄垎鏋愬墽涓富浜哄叕鐨勭簿绁炵姸鎬佸拰褰㈡垚鍘熷洜,杩愮敤浜氶噷澹寰风殑鎮插墽鐞嗚鎻ず璇ヤ綔鍝佺殑鎮插墽缇庡銆備笂杩扮爺绌舵瀬澶у湴涓板瘜浜嗚鍓х殑鍐呮兜鍜屽寤?璁╁箍澶ц鑰呭鍏舵湁鏇存繁灞傛銆佸鏂逛綅鐨勭悊瑙c€備絾銆婂ゥ璧涚綏銆嬩腑鍖呭惈鐨勪鸡鐞嗕环鍊间粛涓嶅彲蹇界暐,鑰屼腑鍥藉剴瀛﹀湪浼︾悊鏂归潰鍏锋湁绮炬繁涓斾赴瀵岀殑闃愰噴閫斿緞銆傚洜姝?鏈枃灏濊瘯杩愮敤鍎掑浼︾悊鐨勭浉鍏崇悊璁哄墫鏋愯鍓т富浜哄叕鐨勪鸡鐞嗚韩浠姐€佷鸡鐞嗗洶澧冦€佷鸡鐞嗛€夋嫨浠ュ強鍏朵笁鑰呯殑鍏崇郴,杩涜€屾帰绌惰閮ㄤ綔鍝佹墍钑村惈鐨勪鸡鐞嗗惎绀哄拰閬撳痉瑙勮寖銆?/span>

銆€銆€涓€銆佷粠“榛戦”鍒?ldquo;鍏冨竻”:浼︾悊韬唤鐨勯鍙?/span>

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銆€銆€鑾庡+姣斾簹鍊熷姪銆婂ゥ璧涚綏銆嬩竴鍓?閫氳繃灞曠ず涓讳汉鍏ゥ璧涚綏鐨勪鸡鐞嗚韩浠姐€佷鸡鐞嗗洶澧冨拰浼︾悊閫夋嫨涓変釜鏂归潰甯︾粰瑙備紬涓板瘜鐨勯亾寰峰惎绀?涓庢鍚屾椂涔熻揪鍒颁簡鏂囧鍒涗綔鐨勬牴鏈洰鐨?mdash;—“涓轰汉绫绘彁渚涗粠浼︾悊瑙掑害璁よ瘑绀句細鍜岀敓娲荤殑閬撳痉鑼冧緥,涓轰汉绫荤殑鐗╄川鐢熸椿鍜岀簿绁炵敓娲绘彁渚涢亾寰锋寚寮?涓轰汉绫荤殑鑷垜瀹屽杽鎻愪緵閬撳痉缁忛獙銆?rdquo;[4]14閫氳繃涓婅堪鍒嗘瀽,鎴戜滑鍙互寰楃煡,瀵艰嚧濂ヨ禌缃椾汉鐢熸偛鍓х殑瀹㈣鍘熷洜鏄簮浜庢畺姘戞椂浠g殑绉嶆棌姝ц,鑰屼富瑙傚師鍥犲垯濮嬩簬濂ヨ禌缃楀鑷繁浼︾悊韬唤鐨勯敊璇鐭ャ€備粠浣庤幢鐨?ldquo;榛戦”楠ょ劧杞彉涓洪珮楂樺湪涓婄殑“鍏冨竻”,濂ヨ禌缃楀苟娌℃湁璁よ瘑鍒拌繖浜涜韩浠藉師鏈槸鐢卞綋鏃剁ぞ浼氬拰浠栦汉鎵€璧嬩簣鐨勩€傛澶?浠栧韬唤璁ゅ悓鐨勫悜寰€銆佸濠氬Щ鍏崇郴鐨勭悊瑙d互鍙婂鏃ュ父浜嬪姟鐨勫鐞嗙瓑,鍩烘湰涓婇兘鏄缓绔嬪湪涓€绉嶆瀬涓嶇ǔ瀹氱殑鐞嗘兂鍖栫姸鎬佷腑銆傚綋娈嬮叿鐨勭幇瀹炲薄灞℃墦璐ヤ粬鐨勮鐭?濂ヨ禌缃楄嚜鐒朵究闄峰叆浜嗛毦浠ヨ█鐘剁殑浼︾悊鍥板,涔冭嚦鏈€鍚庝互鑷潃鏉ョ粓缁撲粬鐨勪鸡鐞嗛€夋嫨銆傚ゥ璧涚綏鐨勬偛鍓ф彁閱掔潃浜轰滑:搴旇鎽掑純绉嶆棌姝ц,闈㈠鍠勬伓涔嬩簤,蹇呴』鏈夋纭殑浼︾悊浠峰€艰,鎵嶈兘鏋勫缓“澶╀笅涓哄叕”鐨勫ぇ鍚岀ぞ浼氥€?/span>

銆€銆€鍙傝€冩枃鐚?/span>

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