鎮ㄥソ锛屾杩庢偍鏉ュ埌纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃戯紒
璁烘枃鎻愮翰 | 寮€棰樻姤鍛?/a> | 璁烘枃鎽樿 | 鍙傝€冩枃鐚?/a> | 璁烘枃鑷磋阿 | 璁烘枃淇敼 | 璁烘枃閫夐 | 鐮旂┒鐢熻鏂?/a> | 宸ョ▼纭曞+ | 璁烘枃鍙戣〃 | 鏂囩尞缁艰堪 | 璁烘枃鏍煎紡
璁烘枃PPT妯℃澘 | 娉曞璁烘枃 | 甯傚満钀ラ攢 | 璇█瀛﹁鏂?/a> | 宸ョ▼绠$悊 | 绠$悊璁烘枃 | 閲戣瀺璁烘枃 | 鎶ょ悊璁烘枃 | 鑻辫璁烘枃 | 鍐滀笟璁烘枃 | 鏀挎不璁烘枃
>> 娴呰皥宸ュ晢绠$悊淇℃伅鍖栫殑闂鍙婄瓥鐣?/a>
>> 娴呰皥鐢靛姏浼佷笟瀹夊叏鐢熶骇绠$悊涓庨闄╂帶
>> 璁烘瘺娉戒笢鎬濇兂瀵归珮鑱岄櫌鏍$殑鎬濇兂鏀挎不
>> 鎺㈡瀽姘村埄宸ョ▼绠$悊浣撳埗鐜扮姸涓庢敼闈╂帾
>> 澶у鐢熷弬涓庣綉璐风殑鍘熷洜涓庡奖鍝嶅洜绱犲垎
>> 鏂版椂鏈熻埅娴锋妧鏈殑鍙戝睍瓒嬪娍鎺㈢┒
>> AIS鎶€鏈湪鐜颁唬鑸捣涓殑杩愮敤鎺㈡瀽
>> 鑴婃煴鎹熶激鐨勬硶鍖诲妗堜緥涓璏RI妫€鏌ョ殑搴?/a>
>> 鈥?21楂橀搧闇稿骇鈥濅簨浠舵垚鍥犱笌璀﹀療鎵ф硶
>> 娴呰皥浣撹偛鍦洪璐㈠姟绠$悊闂涓庤川閲忔彁
>> 澶嶅埗鎬ц“鑰佷腑鍏ㄥ熀鍥犵粍鏌撹壊璐ㄥ紑鏀剧▼
>> 銆婂鑾洪銆嬫墍閫忛湶鍑虹殑姝讳骸瑙?/a>
>> 娴呰皥鎵╁ぇ閲戣瀺寮€鏀剧殑椋庨櫓涓庨噾铻嶇洃绠?/a>
>> 鏂拌鏍囦笅鍔犲己灏忓涓夊勾绾у彛璇〃杈捐兘
>> 鎺㈢┒绌哄煙浣跨敤鏉冨睘鎬у強鍏剁墿鏉冨睘鎬ч棶
>> 娴呰璐㈢粡鏂板獟浣撶鐞嗗洶澧冧笌鍔犲己鎺柦
>> 娴呮瀽涓撳埄闂存帴渚垫潈鐨勫煙澶栧埗搴︽瘮杈冨強
>> 娴呰皥鍒虹粶鎷旂綈鐤楁硶鐨勬満鍒跺強鍏跺湪涓尰
>> 鎴戝浗娉ㄥ唽浼氳甯堝埗搴﹀洶澧冧笌杩涗竴姝ヨ
>> 灏忓鑻辫鍏勾绾т笂鍐屾煇鍗曞厓璇炬枃鐨勬暀
>> 鍗″か鍗″皬璇翠腑鐨勭粏鑺傛弿鍐欐帰鏋?/a>
>> 涓夌被鑻辫娓告垙瀵逛竴浜屽勾绾у鐢熸暀瀛︾殑
>> 淇$敤鍩庡競寤鸿闈复鐨勯棶棰樹笌璺緞鎺㈢储
>> 鎺㈢┒鏂版椂鏈熸捣宄′袱宀稿叧绯诲彂灞曡秼鍔?/a>
>> 铻冭煿鐥呭褰卞搷鍥犵礌鍙婂叾鐢熺墿鎶€鏈槻娌?/a>
>> 鎮ㄧ殑浣嶇疆锛?a href='http://flywand.com/'>涓婚〉 > 璁烘枃鑼冩枃 > 琛屾斂绠$悊 >

鍗曚綅鍐呴儴琛屾斂绠$悊涓€濇兂鏀挎不宸ヤ綔鐨勪綔鐢ㄦ帰鏋?/h1>

銆€

 

纭?a href="http://flywand.com/">鍗氳鏂囩綉鏄竴瀹朵笓涓氭彁渚涜鏂囧畾鍒朵慨鏀规湇鍔$殑缃戠珯锛屼笂10骞寸殑璁烘枃缁忛獙锛屾棤璁烘槸鏈璁烘枃銆佺澹鏂囪繕鏄湡鍒婅鏂囷紝鍗氬+璁烘枃锛屾垜浠兘鑳戒负鎮ㄦ彁渚涙柟渚裤€佸揩鎹枫€佸畨鍏ㄧ殑璁烘枃鏈嶅姟銆備互涓嬫槸纭曞崥璁烘枃缃戝皬缂栦负鎮ㄧ簿蹇冩寫閫夌殑涓€绡囪鏀跨鐞嗚鏂囨瘯涓?a href="http://flywand.com/index.php?upcache=1">璁烘枃鑼冩枃锛屽唴瀹规槸鍏充簬鍗曚綅鍐呴儴琛屾斂绠$悊涓€濇兂鏀挎不宸ヤ綔鐨勪綔鐢ㄦ帰鏋愩€傛湰鏂囬噸鐐瑰垎鏋愪簡鎬濇斂鏁欒偛鍦ㄨ鏀跨鐞嗕腑鐨勪綔鐢紝渚濇嵁鐩墠琛屾斂绠$悊鐜扮姸锛屼粠涓鸿鏀跨鐞嗗く瀹炲熀纭€銆佷负琛屾斂绠$悊鎸囧宸ヤ綔鏂瑰悜銆佷负琛屾斂绠$悊钀ラ€犺壇濂芥皼鍥磋繖鍑犵偣杩涜娣卞叆鎺㈢储锛屽叾鐩殑鍦ㄤ簬鎻愰珮琛屾斂绠$悊宸ヤ綔鐨勬湁鏁堟€э紝涓哄崟浣嶆寔缁ǔ瀹氬彂灞曟彁渚涙湁鍒╂潯浠躲€備互渚涘弬鑰冦€備互渚涘悇浣嶅悓瀛﹀弬鑰冿紝甯屾湜瀵瑰ぇ瀹舵湁鎵€甯姪銆?/span>
鎽?nbsp;   瑕侊細銆€鏈枃閲嶇偣鍒嗘瀽浜嗘€濇斂鏁欒偛鍦ㄨ鏀跨鐞嗕腑鐨勪綔鐢紝渚濇嵁鐩墠琛屾斂绠$悊鐜扮姸锛屼粠涓鸿鏀跨鐞嗗く瀹炲熀纭€銆佷负琛屾斂绠$悊鎸囧宸ヤ綔鏂瑰悜銆佷负琛屾斂绠$悊钀ラ€犺壇濂芥皼鍥磋繖鍑犵偣杩涜娣卞叆鎺㈢储锛屽叾鐩殑鍦ㄤ簬鎻愰珮琛屾斂绠$悊宸ヤ綔鐨勬湁鏁堟€э紝涓哄崟浣嶆寔缁ǔ瀹氬彂灞曟彁渚涙湁鍒╂潯浠躲€?/span>

鍗曚綅鍐呴儴琛屾斂绠$悊涓€濇兂鏀挎不宸ヤ綔鐨勪綔鐢ㄦ帰鏋? src=

銆€銆€鍏抽敭璇嶏細銆€鎬濇兂鏀挎不宸ヤ綔; 琛屾斂绠$悊; 閲嶈鎬?

銆€銆€Abstract锛氥€€This paper focuses on the analysis of the role of ideological and political education in administration. Based on the current status of administration, it conducts in-depth exploration from the points of laying a solid foundation for administration,guiding the direction of administration, and creating a good atmosphere for administration, aiming to improve the effectiveness of administration and provide favorable conditions for the continued and stable development of the unit.

銆€銆€Keyword锛氥€€ideological and political work; administration; importance;

銆€銆€1 銆佸紩瑷€

銆€銆€鍦ㄥ崟浣嶇鐞嗗伐浣滀腑琛屾斂绠$悊浣滀负涓€椤归噸瑕佸唴瀹癸紝鏃㈡壙鎷呯潃璐㈠姟绠$悊涓庣敓浜х粡钀ョ鐞嗙殑鑱岃兘锛屽張鎵挎媴鐫€鍗忚皟涓庡畨鎺掑唴閮ㄤ汉浜嬫祦鍔ㄧ殑鑱岃兘锛屼负浜嗗姞寮哄崟浣嶇殑鏍稿績绔炰簤鍔涳紝闇€鎻愬崌琛屾斂绠$悊宸ヤ綔鏁堢巼銆傝€屾€濇斂鏁欒偛鍦ㄨ鏀跨鐞嗕腑鏈夋彁楂樺憳宸ュ悜蹇冨姏涓庡嚌鑱氬姏鐨勪綔鐢紝浣胯鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣滃緱鍒板厖鍒嗚惤瀹炪€傚洜姝わ紝鐩稿叧閮ㄩ棬闇€瑕佺粰浜堟€濇斂鏁欒偛楂樺害閲嶈锛岄€氳繃缁撳悎琛屾斂绠$悊鐜扮姸锛岀粍缁囧苟寮€灞曟暀鑲叉椿鍔紝鍏呭垎鍙戞尌鎬濇斂鏁欒偛鍦ㄨ鏀跨鐞嗕腑鐨勭Н鏋佷綔鐢紝涓哄崟浣嶅彲鎸佺画鍙戝睍濂犲畾鍧氬疄鍩虹銆備互涓嬫牳蹇冨唴瀹逛负鎬濇斂鏁欒偛鍦ㄨ鏀跨鐞嗕腑鐨勪綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

銆€銆€2銆?鎬濇斂宸ヤ綔鍒嗘瀽

銆€銆€2.1 銆佺鐞嗘柟寮?/span>

銆€銆€绀句細绠$悊鐢变袱閮ㄥ垎缁勬垚锛屽叾涓寘鍚蒋绠$悊涓庣‖绠$悊锛屽叾涓硶寰嬭鏀挎墜娈靛ぇ鍔涙帹琛岀殑绠$悊涓虹‖绠$悊锛岃€岃蒋绠$悊鎸囩殑鏄ぞ浼氳垎璁轰互鍙婃€濇斂宸ヤ綔瀵逛汉浠€濇兂鎰忚瘑鐨勫煿鍏汇€傜ぞ浼氶€氳繃杞鐞嗕腑鐨勬€濇斂宸ヤ綔鏉ュ睍鐜颁汉浠殑鏂囨槑绱犲吇浠ュ強鎬濇兂閬撳痉锛屼綔涓鸿蒋绠$悊涓笉鍙垨缂虹殑閲嶈缁勬垚閮ㄥ垎锛屾€濇斂宸ヤ綔鑳藉鍒囧疄寮ヨˉ纭鐞嗙殑缂洪櫡锛屽叿鏈夎緝寮虹殑鏃舵晥鎬т笌骞挎硾鎬с€傚叿浣撳埌鍗曚綅鏉ヨ锛屽崟浣嶆€濇斂宸ヤ綔闅忕潃绀句細缁忔祹鐨勬寔缁彂灞曪紝鍗曚綅闂寸殑鍚堜綔鍜岀珵浜夎秺鏉ヨ秺寮猴紝涓旀€濇斂宸ヤ綔鍜岃鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣滈棿鐨勮瀺鍚堜篃瓒婂彂娣卞叆锛屽疄鐜颁簡浜掍负淇冭繘銆佺浉杈呯浉鎴愮殑鍏崇郴锛屾瀯鎴愪簡杈冨己鐨勫悎鍔涖€傚湪鍗曚綅琛屾斂绠$悊杩囩▼涓紝鎬濇斂宸ヤ綔閫氳繃鍏紬閬撳痉涓庣ぞ浼氳鑼冩潵鏈夋晥鍩瑰吇鍛樺伐鐨勮涓鸿鑼冨拰閬撳痉绱犲吇锛屽苟鍒╃敤绀句細浼犳挱宸ュ叿鏉ュ箍娉涘浼犲崟浣嶅舰璞★紝浠ュ缓鏋勮壇濂界殑鍗曚綅褰㈣薄锛屾媺杩戝崟浣嶄笌鍛樺伐涔嬮棿鐨勫叧绯伙紝瀹炵幇鍗曚綅鍜屽憳宸ュ崗璋冨彲鎸佺画鍙戝睍鐨勭洰鏍囥€?/span>

銆€銆€2.2銆?鍔熻兘琛ㄧ幇

銆€銆€褰撳墠锛屾垜鍥界粡娴庢澶勪簬杞瀷鐨勯噸瑕佹椂鏈燂紝鍚勪釜鍗曚綅姝i潰涓寸潃涓嶅悓鐨勫彂灞曟妷鎷╋紝鐜板浠婇棶棰樹笌鐭涚浘鎰堝彂涓ラ噸锛岃澶氱畝鍗曠殑琛屾斂鏂规硶宸叉棤娉曞簲瀵硅繖浜涢棶棰樹笌鐭涚浘锛屽叾涓€濇斂宸ヤ綔鍥犲叿澶囧崗璋冧笌娌熼€氱殑浣滅敤鍙互浣滀负鑹ソ鐨勮В鍐虫笭閬撱€傚湪鍗曚綅鍐呴儴锛岄€氳繃瀹d紶涓庣亴杈撴€濇兂鎰忚瘑鏉ヨ皟鍔ㄥ憳宸ョ殑涓昏鑳藉姩鎬э紱鍦ㄥ崟浣嶅閮紝浼樺寲鍚勭被鍏叡鍏崇郴锛岃鍗曚綅鍜屽閮ㄥ叕浼楃殑鍚堜綔鍏崇郴寰楀埌杩涗竴姝ユ彁鍗囷紝瀹炵幇鍗曚綅鍙戝睍鐜浼樺寲锛屼績杩涘憳宸ヨ壇濂藉彂灞曪紝鍗曚綅宸ヤ綔姘村钩寰楀埌鎻愬崌銆?/span>

銆€銆€3 銆佽鏀跨鐞嗙幇鐘?/span>

銆€銆€褰撳墠锛屽崟浣嶅唴閮ㄨ鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣滆繕瀛樺湪浜涜闂锛屽叾涓瘮杈冨吀鍨嬬殑鏄檲鏃х殑绠$悊鐞嗗康銆佹垬鐣ラ儴缃蹭笉鍏ㄩ潰銆佸煿璁椿鍔ㄥ舰鍚岃櫄璁撅紝璇︾粏鍐呭濡備笅锛?/span>

銆€銆€3.1 銆侀檲鏃х殑绠$悊鐞嗗康

銆€銆€鐜板浠婏紝寰堝鍗曚綅閮藉瓨鍦ㄩ泦鏉冩€濇兂锛屽鑷磋鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣滄棤娉曟湁搴忓紑灞曪紝鍥犱负娆犵己浠ヤ汉涓烘湰鐨勭鐞嗙悊蹇碉紝瀵艰嚧琛屾斂绠$悊宸ヤ綔褰㈠悓铏氳锛屼笉鑳芥湁鏁堝湴鍙戞尌鍑哄師鏈殑浠峰€硷紝鍗曚綅鏁翠綋杩愯惀绠$悊鍙楀埌鍒剁害銆?/span>

銆€銆€3.2 銆佹垬鐣ラ儴缃蹭笉鍏ㄩ潰

銆€銆€褰撳墠锛屽緢澶氬崟浣嶈鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣滀緷闈犱互寰€鐨勫伐浣滅粡楠岋紝鏈睍寮€绯荤粺鐨勮鍒掑拰閮ㄧ讲锛屽伐浣滃紑灞曠鎸佺潃璧颁竴姝ョ湅涓€姝ョ殑鍘熷垯锛屾寜閮ㄥ氨鐝紝娆犵己鍒涙柊锛屽拰鍛樺伐鏈熸湜鏈夊緢澶х殑宸窛銆?/span>

銆€銆€3.3 銆佸煿璁椿鍔ㄥ舰鍚岃櫄璁?/span>

銆€銆€灏界寰堝鍗曚綅鍦ㄥ煿鍏荤殑鐞嗗康鏂归潰鍙戠敓浜嗚浆鍙橈紝澶氬崐閮戒細缁勭粐鏁欒偛鍩硅娲诲姩锛屼絾寮€灞曟晥鏋滃苟涓嶇悊鎯筹紝琛屼箣鏈夋晥鐨勫煿鍏绘柟寮忔瘮杈冨皯锛屽煿璁按骞充笉鏄緢楂橈紝鍙槸鍙傚姞浜嗗煿璁紝骞舵病鏈夎捣鍒版彁楂樺憳宸ユ妧鑳界殑浣滅敤[1]銆?/span>

銆€銆€涓婅堪涓夌偣闂涓虹洰鍓嶅崟浣嶈鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣滅殑绐佸嚭闂锛岄棶棰樼殑涓€鐩村瓨鍦ㄥ拰鍗曚綅琛屾斂鎬濇斂宸ヤ綔寮€灞曟晥鐜囦笉楂樻湁鑾ぇ鑱旂郴銆備粠鏌愮绋嬪害涓婄湅锛岃鏀跨鐞嗘槸纭繚鍗曚綅鑹ソ杩愯惀鐨勬牴鏈潯浠讹紝杩樻槸鍗曚綅缁忔祹鏁堢泭鎻愰珮鐨勪富瑕佷繚闅溿€傝€屾€濇斂宸ヤ綔鑳藉缁欏崟浣嶈鏀跨鐞嗘彁渚涙€濇兂鍩虹锛岄€氳繃浠ヤ汉涓烘湰鐨勭悊蹇碉紝瀵瑰崟浣嶅拰鍛樺伐涔嬮棿鐨勫叧绯昏繘琛屾湁鏁堝崗璋冿紝浣胯鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣滅殑鍚勪釜鏂归潰瀹炵幇缁熺浼樺寲銆?/span>

銆€銆€4 銆佹€濇斂宸ヤ綔鍜岃鏀跨鐞嗙殑鍏崇郴

銆€銆€涓嶇鏄鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣滆繕鏄€濇斂宸ヤ綔锛岄兘鏄崟浣嶇鐞嗗伐浣滀腑鐨勬牳蹇冨唴瀹癸紝涓よ€呮湁寰堝ぇ鐨勫叧鑱旀€с€備粠宸ヤ綔鐩爣鏂归潰鐪嬶紝琛屾斂绠$悊瑕佹湁鏄庣‘鐨勭鐞嗗唴瀹癸紝涓旂粨鍚堢鐞嗗唴瀹规瀯寤鸿涔嬫湁鏁堢殑鍒跺害鍜岃鑼冿紝鍙﹀锛岃姹傚崟浣嶅憳宸ュ垏瀹炰緷鎹墍瑙勫畾鐨勫唴瀹瑰睍寮€甯歌宸ヤ綔锛岃€屾€濇斂宸ヤ綔鏄€氳繃杩愮敤鎬濇斂鏁欒偛鐨勬柟娉曪紝甯姪鍛樺伐鏍戠珛鑹ソ鐨勪环鍊艰鍜岃亴涓氱礌鍏伙紝璁╁憳宸ュ疄鐜拌嚜鎴戠害鏉燂紝浣垮叾涓诲姩閬靛畧鍗曚綅鍒跺畾鐨勫埗搴﹀拰瑙勮寖銆傚悓鏃讹紝鎬濇斂宸ヤ綔鍏锋湁杈冨己鐨勭枏瀵兼€э紝涓轰簡灏嗘€濇斂宸ヤ綔鐨勭Н鏋佷綔鐢ㄦ渶澶у寲锛岄渶瑕佸皢鍗曚綅涓庡憳宸ョ殑鎬濇兂鎯呭喌鍜屽崟浣嶈繍钀ュ彂灞曠殑鎴樼暐鎬х洰鏍囪繘琛屾湁鏈虹粨鍚堬紝鏉ヤ赴瀵屾€濇斂宸ヤ綔褰㈠紡锛岃繘涓€姝ヨ皟鍔ㄥ憳宸ュ弬鍔犳€濇斂宸ヤ綔鐨勪富瑙傝兘鍔ㄦ€2]銆?/span>

銆€銆€5銆?鎬濇斂宸ヤ綔鍦ㄨ鏀跨鐞嗕腑鐨勯噸瑕佹€?/span>

銆€銆€鎬濇斂宸ヤ綔鍦ㄨ鏀跨鐞嗕腑鐨勯噸瑕佹€т富瑕佷綋鐜板湪涓夋柟闈紝鍒嗗埆鏄細鏈変负琛屾斂绠$悊澶疄鍩虹銆佷负琛屾斂绠$悊鎸囧宸ヤ綔鏂瑰悜銆佷负琛屾斂绠$悊钀ラ€犺壇濂芥皼鍥达紝璇︾粏鍐呭濡備笅锛?/span>

銆€銆€5.1銆?涓鸿鏀跨鐞嗗く瀹炲熀纭€

銆€銆€鍏跺疄鍗曚綅琛屾斂绠$悊宸ヤ綔鐗垫壇鐨勫唴瀹规瘮杈冨锛屼负浜嗗姞寮鸿鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣滅殑鏈夋晥鎬э紝涓嶄絾瑕佹湁鍋ュ叏鐨勮鏀跨鐞嗗埗搴︿綔涓烘敮鎾戯紝杩樿澶у姏瀵瑰憳宸ュ紑灞曟€濇斂鏁欒偛宸ヤ綔锛屽姞寮哄叾鎬濇兂鎰忚瘑銆傚湪鏂版椂鏈熻儗鏅笅锛屽紑灞曟€濇斂宸ヤ綔涓嶄絾鑳藉涓哄憳宸ユ彁渚涜壇濂界殑宸ヤ綔鐜锛岃繕鑳戒负鍛樺伐鍜屽崟浣嶉瀵肩殑鎬濇兂缁熶竴鎻愪緵鏈夊埄鏉′欢锛屼负鍗曚綅闀胯冻鍙戝睍璐$尞鍑鸿嚜宸辩殑涓€鍒嗗姏閲忋€傝嫢鏄棤娉曞鍛樺伐鎬濇兂杩涜缁熶竴锛屽垯涓嶈兘瀹炵幇鍗曚綅寮€灞曡繍钀ユ椿鍔ㄧ殑楂樻晥鍖栵紝瀵艰嚧缁忔祹鏁堢泭闄嶄綆锛屽悓鏃惰繕浼氬埗绾﹀叾鑷韩鍙戝睍銆傛墍浠ュ崟浣嶅唴閮ㄦ湁鍏抽儴闂ㄨ楂樺害閲嶈鍛樺伐鐨勬€濇斂鏁欒偛宸ヤ綔锛岄€氳繃瀹氭湡鍜屽憳宸ヤ氦娴佹垨鏄崗鍟嗙殑鏂瑰紡锛岀涓€鏃堕棿鎺屾彙鍛樺伐鐨勬€濇兂鍔ㄦ€併€傚彟澶栵紝鍗曚綅杩樿涓ユ牸閬靛畧浠ヤ汉涓烘湰鐨勫伐浣滃師鍒欙紝绠$悊鑰呭湪鍋氶噸澶у喅绛栨椂锛岄渶瑕佸緛姹傚憳宸ヤ滑鐨勬剰瑙佸拰寤鸿锛屽姞寮哄憳宸ュ鍗曚綅鐨勫綊灞炴劅鍜岃鍚屾劅锛屽皢鍛樺伐鐨勪富浜虹縼鍦颁綅鍏ㄩ潰鍦板睍鐜板嚭鏉ャ€傚湪璇ョ姘涘洿涓嬫瀯寤虹殑琛屾斂绠$悊鍒跺害锛屽憳宸ヤ滑鑳藉鑷閬靛畧锛屼负鍗曚綅鏇村ソ鐨勫彂灞曞仛閾哄灚[3]銆?/span>

銆€銆€5.2銆?涓鸿鏀跨鐞嗘寚瀵煎伐浣滄柟鍚?/span>

銆€銆€鎬濇斂宸ヤ綔杩樿兘瀵瑰崟浣嶅紑灞曠殑琛屾斂绠$悊宸ヤ綔璧峰埌鎸囧鐨勪綔鐢ㄣ€傛€濇斂宸ヤ綔鐨勫叿浣撳唴瀹逛负瀵瑰憳宸ュ睍寮€鎬濇兂鏁欒偛锛岄€氳繃绉瀬鐨勬€濇兂鏁欒偛淇冧娇鍛樺伐杩涗竴姝ラ浼氬崟浣嶇簿绁炪€傞€氳繃鏁欏涓庢劅鍖栫殑鏂瑰紡璁╁憳宸ヤ富鍔ㄩ伒瀹堝崟浣嶅唴閮ㄨ绔狅紝骞惰嚜瑙夋帴鍙楀崟浣嶇殑绠$悊鐞嗗康銆傚彟澶栵紝鍛樺伐鐨勬€濇兂鐘舵€佸鍏惰嚜韬涓哄叿鏈変竴瀹氱殑鎸囧浣滅敤锛屾墍浠ュ鍛樺伐灞曞紑鎬濇斂鏁欒偛鑳藉鎺ㄥ姩鍏跺湪甯歌宸ヤ綔涓叏闈㈣疮褰诲崟浣嶇殑鏂囧寲绮剧锛屼笉璁烘槸鍦ㄧ敓浜ф垨绠$悊閮戒細绉瀬涓诲姩鍦板弬涓庯紝鍒囧疄鍔犲己鍗曚綅鍐呴儴绠$悊宸ヤ綔鐨勬湁鏁堟€с€傚悓鏃讹紝涓轰簡璋冨姩宸ヤ綔浜哄憳宸ヤ綔鐨勪富鍔ㄦ€т笌绉瀬鎬э紝鍗曚綅杩樺彲浠ュ埗瀹氳涔嬫湁鏁堢殑婵€鍔卞埗搴︼紝瀹氭湡濂栧姳琛ㄧ幇绐佸嚭鐨勫憳宸ワ紝璇勯€夊嚭鏈€浣冲憳宸ワ紝浠ユ鏉ュ姞寮哄憳宸ョ殑璐d换鎰忚瘑锛屽煿鍏诲憳宸ョН鏋佸鐚殑绮剧[4]銆?/span>

銆€銆€5.3 銆佷负琛屾斂绠$悊钀ラ€犺壇濂芥皼鍥?/span>

銆€銆€琛屾斂绠$悊宸ヤ綔鑻ユ兂瀹炵幇楂樻晥寮€灞曪紝蹇呴』鍦ㄥ崟浣嶄腑鍒涘缓杞绘澗涓旇垝閫傜殑宸ヤ綔姘涘洿锛岃€屽憳宸ョ殑鎬ф牸鐗圭偣瀛樺湪寰堝ぇ鐨勫樊寮傦紝钀ラ€犺壇濂界殑宸ヤ綔姘涘洿锛屽皢鏈夊姪浜庡崟浣嶆湁鏁堝紑灞曡鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣滐紝鍔犲己鍑濊仛鍔涗笌鍚戝績鍔涖€備负浜嗗姞寮哄崟浣嶇殑鍚戝績鍔涗笌鍑濊仛鍔涳紝闇€瑕佺Н鏋佸紑灞曟€濇斂鏁欒偛宸ヤ綔锛岄珮搴﹂噸瑙嗗憳宸ヤ笌鍛樺伐闂寸殑浜洪檯鍏崇郴锛屽洜涓鸿壇濂界殑浜洪檯鍏崇郴鏄繚闅滃崟浣嶅彲鎸佺画鍙戝睍鐨勬牴鏈潯浠讹紝鍗曚綅鐨勪汉闄呭叧绯讳富瑕佹秹鍙婁互涓嬩笁涓柟闈細鍏朵竴锛屽憳宸ヤ笌鍛樺伐涔嬮棿锛涘叾浜岋紝鍛樺伐涓庣鐞嗚€呬箣闂达紱鍏朵笁锛屽憳宸ュ拰棰嗗涔嬮棿銆傚崟浣嶇殑鍚戝績鍔涘拰鍑濊仛鍔涚殑鎻愬崌锛岄渶瑕佽鍛樺伐瀵硅嚜宸辩殑宸ヤ綔宀椾綅鏈変竴涓竻妤氱殑璁よ瘑锛屾槑纭嚜韬亴璐o紝鎰忚瘑鍒拌嚜宸卞湪鍗曚綅宸ヤ綔涓殑閲嶈浠峰€硷紝鍏ㄩ潰鎺屾彙鑷韩宀椾綅闇€瑕佹媴璐熺殑璐d换鍜屼箟鍔°€傚鏋滃嚭鐜板啿绐侊紝闇€瑕侀€氳繃绉瀬鐨勬€佸害杩涜瑙e喅銆傞噰鐢ㄦ繁鍏ユ矡閫氫笌鐩镐簰浜嗚В鐨勫姙娉曪紝涓€鍚屾墦閫犺壇濂界殑宸ヤ綔姘涘洿[5]銆?/span>

銆€銆€6 銆佹€濇斂鏁欒偛鍦ㄨ鏀跨鐞嗕腑鐨勪綔鐢?/span>

銆€銆€鎬濇斂鏁欒偛鍦ㄨ鏀跨鐞嗕腑鐨勪綔鐢ㄦ湁寰堝锛屽叾涓瘮杈冨父瑙佺殑鏄鍚戜綔鐢ㄣ€佺洃鐫d綔鐢ㄣ€佹縺鍔变綔鐢紝璇︾粏鍐呭濡備笅锛?/span>

銆€銆€6.1銆?瀵煎悜浣滅敤

銆€銆€鎬濇斂宸ヤ綔鍦ㄥ崟浣嶈鏀跨鐞嗕腑鍏锋湁璋冭妭鍜屽鍚戠殑浣滅敤锛屽崟浣嶈嫢鎯虫彁楂樻牳蹇冪珵浜夊姏锛岄渶瑕佷緷闈犲唴閮ㄥ憳宸ョ殑鍔涢噺锛屾墍浠ラ渶瑕佸姞寮哄憳宸ユ€濇斂鏁欒偛锛屽湪鎬濇兂鏁欒偛涓笚閫忓崟浣嶆枃鍖栥€佺簿绁炪€佺洰鏍囷紝浣垮憳宸ュ鑷韩宸ヤ綔鏈変竴涓噯纭殑璁よ瘑銆傚熀浜庢锛屽崟浣嶈鏀跨鐞嗚€呭簲瀹氭湡寮€灞曟€濇斂鏁欒偛璁插骇鍜岃璁轰細锛岀粍缁囧叏浣撳憳宸ュ弬涓庯紝甯姪鍛樺伐浼樺寲鎬濇兂鏂归潰鐨勪笉瓒宠璇嗭紝涓旀爲绔嬭壇濂界殑鑱屼笟閬撳痉鐞嗗康锛屽姞寮哄憳宸ョ殑鏁翠綋绱犲吇[6]銆?/span>

銆€銆€6.2銆?鐩戠潱浣滅敤

銆€銆€寮€灞曡鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣滀笉鍙閬垮湴浼氬嚭鐜伴棶棰橈紝姝ゆ椂渚块渶瑕侀€氳繃鎬濇斂鏁欒偛锛岀Н鏋佸紩瀵煎憳宸ワ紝鍦ㄥ憳宸ヤ骇鐢熶笉鑹儏缁椂鎴栨槸鍜岄瀵煎彂鐢熷啿绐佹椂锛岄噰鐢ㄨ鏈嶆暀鑲茬殑鍔炴硶杩涜璋冭妭锛屼笉鑳藉彧鏄竴鍛冲湴鎯╁锛屽惁鍒欎細璁╁憳宸ョ殑涓嶈壇鎯呯华鏇村姞涓ラ噸[7]銆?/span>

銆€銆€6.3 銆佹縺鍔变綔鐢?/span>

銆€銆€闄や簡涓婅堪涓ょ浣滅敤涔嬪锛屾€濇斂鏁欒偛杩樺叿澶囦竴瀹氱殑婵€鍔变綔鐢ㄣ€傚疄闄呬笂锛屽憳宸ヤ綔涓哄崟浣嶅彂灞曞拰寤鸿鐨勪富浣擄紝鍦ㄩ亣鍒伴棶棰樻椂涓嶈兘閲囩敤閫冮伩鐨勫姙娉曪紝鑰屾€濇斂鏁欒偛鑳藉鎶婄Н鏋佷笖鍧氬畾鐨勮亴涓氶亾寰疯蹇垫笚閫忕粰鍛樺伐锛屽垏瀹炶皟鍔ㄥ憳宸ョ殑涓昏鑳藉姩鎬э紝婵€鍔卞憳宸ユ枟蹇楋紝浣夸粬浠殑宸ヤ綔娼滆兘鏈€澶у寲锛屼粠鑰屽姞寮哄伐浣滅殑鏈夋晥鎬с€傛墍浠ワ紝鎬濇斂鏁欒偛瀵硅鏀跨鐞嗘湁鐫€涓嶅彲鎴栫己鐨勪綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

銆€銆€7銆?缁撹

銆€銆€缁间笂鎵€杩帮紝瀵逛簬鍗曚綅闀胯冻鍙戝睍鏉ヨ锛屽姞寮烘€濇斂鏁欒偛鍗佸垎閲嶈锛屼笉浣嗚兘澶熸彁楂樿鏀跨鐞嗘晥鐜囷紝杩樿兘鍔犲己鍗曚綅鍐呴儴宸ヤ綔浜哄憳鐨勫悜蹇冨姏涓庡嚌鑱氬姏锛屽疄鐜板姴寰€涓€澶勪娇鐨勫彂灞曠洰鏍囥€傚洜姝わ紝鐩稿叧閮ㄩ棬闇€瑕侀珮搴﹂噸瑙嗘€濇斂鏁欒偛宸ヤ綔锛岄€氳繃閲囩敤琛屼箣鏈夋晥鐨勬帾鏂斤紝灏嗘€濇斂鏁欒偛鐨勫疄鏁堟€у湪琛屾斂绠$悊宸ヤ綔涓渶澶у寲锛岃皟鍔ㄥ憳宸ュ伐浣滅殑涓昏鑳藉姩鎬э紝涓哄崟浣嶅唴閮ㄥ伐浣滄按骞崇殑鎻愰珮鍋氶摵鍨紝淇冧娇鍗曚綅鍙戝睍涓婂崌鍒颁竴涓柊鐨勫眰娆°€?/span>

銆€銆€鍙傝€冩枃鐚?/span>

銆€銆€[1]灏氳嫃褰?铻嶅叆“鎬濇斂”鍏冪礌鐨勮鏀挎硶璇剧▼鏁欏鏀归潻瀵圭瓥鐮旂┒[J].鏁欒偛鏁欏璁哄潧,2020(12):73-75.
銆€銆€[2]钃濈绉€,钃濆涓?“褰㈠娍涓庢斂绛?rdquo;涓庢€濇斂璇捐瀺鍚堝紡鏁欏鎺㈢储——鍩轰簬鍏氱殑鍗佷節澶х簿绁炶繘鎬濇斂璇惧爞瑙嗚[J].榛勫唸鑱屼笟鎶€鏈闄㈠鎶?2019,21(6):72-76.
銆€銆€[3]寤栨枌.寮樻壃浼樼鍦版柟鏂囧寲鍋氬疄璇剧▼鎬濇斂鑲蹭汉——鍩轰簬銆婃澶锋枃鍖栭€夎銆嬬殑鎺㈢储[J].鏁欒偛鏂囧寲璁哄潧,2019,11(6):118-122.
銆€銆€[4]鍗㈤粠姝?鑰舵棴濡?鐜嬩笘濞?绛?缁熺鎺ㄨ繘澶т腑灏忓鎬濇斂璇句竴浣撳寲寤鸿鐮旂┒——瀛︿範涔犺繎骞虫€讳功璁板湪瀛︽牎鎬濇兂鏀挎不鐞嗚璇炬暀甯堝骇璋堜細涓婄殑閲嶈璁茶瘽绮剧绗旇皥[J].鍖椾含宸ヤ笟澶у瀛︽姤(绀句細绉戝鐗?,2020,20(1):9-25.
銆€銆€[5]鏉庡弸,鐜嬫案绾?琛屾斂浜嬩笟鍗曚綅浜哄姏璧勬簮绠$悊鍜屾€濇斂鏁欒偛鐨勮瀺鍚堝垵鎺J].鍐滃鍙傝皨,2019(21):212,274.
銆€銆€[6]寮犺寽.浜嬩笟鍗曚綅浜轰簨绠$悊涓€濇斂鏁欒偛鍩烘湰鍘熷垯搴旂敤娴呮瀽[J].璐㈢粡鐣?瀛︽湳鐗?,2019(19):254.
銆€銆€[7]鐜嬪織楣?鎬濇斂鏁欒偛鍦ㄩ珮鑱岄櫌鏍¤鏀跨鐞嗕腑鐨勪綔鐢╗J].涓浗澶氬獟浣撲笌缃戠粶鏁欏瀛︽姤(涓棳鍒?,2019(7):87-88.

銆€銆€鍘熸枃鍑哄锛氱帇鏈?鎬濇斂鏁欒偛鍦ㄨ鏀跨鐞嗕腑鐨勪綔鐢ㄥ垎鏋怺J].绉戞暀鏂囨眹(涓嬫棳鍒?,2020(05):41-42.
纭?a href="http://flywand.com/" style="text-decoration-line: none; font-size: 12px; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">鍗氳鏂囩綉鏄竴瀹朵笓涓氭彁渚涜鏂囧畾鍒朵慨鏀规湇鍔$殑缃戠珯锛屼笂10骞寸殑璁烘枃缁忛獙锛屾棤璁烘槸鏈璁烘枃銆佺澹鏂囪繕鏄湡鍒婅鏂囷紝鍗氬+璁烘枃锛屾垜浠兘鑳戒负鎮ㄦ彁渚涙柟渚裤€佸揩鎹枫€佸畨鍏ㄧ殑璁烘枃鏈嶅姟銆?/strong>

纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃? /></td>
  </tr>
</table>
<table width=

纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃? 娆㈣繋鎮ㄧ殑鍜ㄨ锛佹垜浠皢涓烘偍鎻愪緵鏈€浼樿川銆侀珮鏁堢殑鏈嶅姟锛?br /> 涓撲笟鏈嶅姟锛屼紭璐ㄥ洟闃燂紝璇氫俊楂樻晥锛屽€煎緱淇¤禆锛?br /> 婀業CP澶?9012525鍙?/a>

杩斿洖椤堕儴