鎮ㄥソ锛屾杩庢偍鏉ュ埌纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃戯紒
璁烘枃鎻愮翰 | 寮€棰樻姤鍛?/a> | 璁烘枃鎽樿 | 鍙傝€冩枃鐚?/a> | 璁烘枃鑷磋阿 | 璁烘枃淇敼 | 璁烘枃閫夐 | 鐮旂┒鐢熻鏂?/a> | 宸ョ▼纭曞+ | 璁烘枃鍙戣〃 | 鏂囩尞缁艰堪 | 璁烘枃鏍煎紡
璁烘枃PPT妯℃澘 | 娉曞璁烘枃 | 甯傚満钀ラ攢 | 璇█瀛﹁鏂?/a> | 宸ョ▼绠$悊 | 绠$悊璁烘枃 | 閲戣瀺璁烘枃 | 鎶ょ悊璁烘枃 | 鑻辫璁烘枃 | 鍐滀笟璁烘枃 | 鏀挎不璁烘枃
>> 浼佷笟绠$悊涓祫浜ц瘎浼扮殑搴旂敤鏁堟灉鍒嗘瀽
>> 娴呮瀽褰卞搷璧勪骇璇勪及缁撴灉鐨勫洜绱?/a>
>> 涓浗鍥介槻鎴樼暐鍐呮兜瑙f瀽
>> 銆婄嫾鍥捐吘銆嬬炕璇戠瓥鐣ョ殑杩愮敤
>> 浜掕仈缃?瀵逛紒涓氱粡娴庣鐞嗗垱鏂扮殑褰卞搷鍙?/a>
>> 鍐滀笟缁忔祹绠$悊鍙婃妧鏈帹骞块棶棰樹笌瀵圭瓥
>> 浼︾悊瑙嗚涓嬫硶寰嬪叧绯荤殑鎺㈢┒
>> 姹熻タ鍑诲墤淇变箰閮ㄨ繍鍔ㄦ瘮璧涘紑灞曟帰绌?/a>
>> 楂樿亴绡悆鏁欏涓瓨鍦ㄧ殑闂涓庢敼闈╃瓥
>> 鍐滄潙灏忓璇枃璇惧墠棰勪範鐨勪綔鐢ㄤ笌瀹炴柦
>> 鍒濅腑鍖栧鏁欏涓叮鍛冲寲瀛﹀疄楠岀殑杩愮敤
>> 鎶戦儊鐥囧悍澶嶆偅鑰呭疄鏂界患鍚堝績鐞嗘姢鐞嗙殑
>> 绮剧鍒嗚鐥囨偅鑰呮仮澶嶄腑浜烘€у寲鎶ょ悊骞?/a>
>> 缃戠害杞︾殑娉曞緥鍏崇郴鍙婂叾瑙勫埗璺緞鍒嗘瀽
>> 椹亽鏄屽皬缁勭簿绁炵殑瀹炶返涓庣悊璁虹粨鍚?/a>
>> 娴呰皥涓氳储铻嶅悎涓嬭储鍔′汉鍛樼殑鍥板涓庤浆
>> 鎴垮湴浜у競鍦洪渶姹傜壒鎬т笌钀ラ攢鍏宠仈鍥犵礌
>> 鐏姏鍙戠數浼佷笟鑺傝兘鍑忔帓闂涓庡绛?/a>
>> 淇℃伅鍖栬儗鏅笅璐㈠姟浼氳宸ヤ綔鐨勯闄╁強
>> 鐢靛奖涓庢柊濯掍綋鑹烘湳铻嶅悎鐨勮〃鐜颁笌鍔犻€?/a>
>> 涓€绡囪壓鏈鏂囷細鍐浗浣╃殑鑸炶箞缇庡鐗?/a>
>> 闀挎槬甯傚叕鍔″憳璇氫俊浣撶郴鏋勫缓鍒嗘瀽
>> 宸ュ晢绠$悊鏁堣兘瀹炵幇鐨勭幇鐘朵笌淇冭繘绛栫暐
>> 杩愯緭銆佷粨鍌ㄣ€佸揩閫掗厤閫佸強鐢靛晢鐗╂祦鏂?/a>
>> 榛戞牸灏斿拰瑙f€濇兂鐨勫舰鎴愪笌婕斿彉鍒嗘瀽
 
>> 鎮ㄧ殑浣嶇疆锛?a href='http://flywand.com/'>涓婚〉 > 璁烘枃鑼冩枃 > 鑹烘湳璁烘枃 >  

鐢靛奖鏂囨湰銆婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬩笌鍏朵粬绫绘枃鏈殑浜掓枃鎬у垎鏋?/h1>

銆€

纭曞崥璁烘枃缃?/a>鏄竴瀹朵笓涓氭彁渚涜鏂囧畾鍒朵慨鏀规湇鍔$殑缃戠珯锛屼笂10骞寸殑璁烘枃缁忛獙锛屾棤璁烘槸鏈璁烘枃銆佺澹鏂囪繕鏄湡鍒婅鏂囷紝鍗氬+璁烘枃锛屾垜浠兘鑳戒负鎮ㄦ彁渚涙柟渚裤€佸揩鎹枫€佸畨鍏ㄧ殑璁烘枃鏈嶅姟銆備互涓嬫槸纭曞崥璁烘枃缃戝皬缂栦负鎮ㄧ簿蹇冩寫閫夌殑涓€绡囪壓鏈?a href="http://flywand.com/index.php?upcache=1">璁烘枃鑼冩枃锛屽唴瀹规槸鍏充簬鐢靛奖鏂囨湰銆婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬩笌鍏朵粬绫绘枃鏈殑浜掓枃鎬у垎鏋愩€傚奖鐗囦笉瓒充袱涓皬鏃?鍗寸湡瀹炲湴鏄犲皠鍑洪瓘鍗氫笌涓ぎ鏈濆环鐨勫井濡欏叧绯?楗卞惈浜嗗姩鑽$殑鏃跺眬銆佹殫鏉€涔嬮鐨勭洓琛屽強韬櫡鏀挎不婕╂丁涔嬩腑鐨勪富浜哄叕鎯呮劅鐨勬妷鎷╃瓑鍐呭,鍙皳鍖呯綏涓囪薄銆備互渚涘悇浣嶅悓瀛﹀弬鑰冿紝甯屾湜瀵瑰ぇ瀹舵湁鎵€甯姪銆?/strong>
鎽?nbsp;   瑕侊細銆€渚瓭璐ゅ婕旂殑鐢靛奖銆婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬩笌鍓嶆枃鏈攼浼犲銆婅亗闅愬銆嬨€佸吀鏁?ldquo;闈掗妇鑸為暅”銆佸攼浠e彶鏂欎互鍙婁警瀛濊搐鍏朵粬浠h〃浣滃搧涔嬮棿閮芥湁鐫€涓嶅悓绋嬪害鐨勭浉鍏宠仈銆備互浜掓枃鎬ч槓閲婁綔鍝?瀵圭數褰辨枃鏈€婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬩笌浼犲鏂囨湰銆婅亗闅愬銆嬨€?ldquo;闈掗妇鑸為暅”銆佸攼浠e彶鏂欏拰渚瓭璐ゅ叾浠栧奖瑙嗕綔鍝佷箣闂寸殑鍏崇郴杩涜缁嗚嚧鍓栨瀽,鐫€閲嶆帰绌跺叾涓墍钑村惈鐨勪簰鏂囩簿绁?瀵硅繘涓€姝ョ悊瑙d綔鍝佹湁鐫€閲嶈鎰忎箟銆?/span>

鐢靛奖鏂囨湰銆婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬩笌鍏朵粬绫绘枃鏈殑浜掓枃鎬у垎鏋? src=

銆€銆€鍏抽敭璇嶏細銆€銆婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆? 銆婅亗闅愬銆? “闈掗妇鑸為暅”; 渚瓭璐? 浜掓枃鎬?

銆€銆€Abstract锛氥€€The film The Assassin directed by Hou Hsiao-Hsien is influenced to a certain extent by the former Tang legend The Assassin, the story of The Dragon and the Luan Dance, historical materials of the Tang Dynasty and other representative works of Hou Hsiao-Hsien. This paper focuses on the intertextuality of the works, and makes a detailed analysis of the relationship betweem the film version The Assassin and the legendary version The Assassin, the story of The Dragon and the Luan Dance, historical materials of the Tang Dynasty and Hou Hsiao-Hsien's other films and TV works, to explore the intertextuality which can help further understand the film The Assassin.

銆€銆€Keyword锛氥€€the film The Assassin; the former Tang legend The Assassin; The Dragon and the Luan Dance; Hou Hsiao-Hsien; intertextuality;

銆€銆€鐢靛奖銆婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬫槸鐢卞彴婀剧潃鍚嶅婕斾警瀛濊搐鎵у,鏀圭紪鑷櫄鍞愯4閾忕殑浼犲灏忚銆婅亗闅愬銆嬨€傝鐗囪杩颁簡鍞愪唬鑱傞殣濞樺辜鏃惰閬撳甯﹁蛋,鍗佷笁骞村悗琚€佸洖宸叉槸姝﹁壓楂樿秴鐨勫埡瀹?鑰岄亾濮戦€佸ス鍥炴潵鐨勭洰鐨勫嵈鏄埡鏉€濂归潚姊呯椹殑琛ㄥ厔——榄忓崥鑺傚害浣跨敯瀛e畨,鍓戞湳宸叉垚鐨勮亗闅愬鍥犳儏涓嶈兘鏂╃粷浜轰鸡涔嬩翰,鏈€缁堣繙璧颁粬涔$殑鏁呬簨銆傚婕斾互鍞愪紶濂囦负搴曟湰,鎴愬姛鍦板缁忓吀杩涜浜嗚法鏃朵唬鐨勬敼缂?瀵圭潃骞垮ぇ瑙備紬璁茶堪浜嗘柊鏁呬簨鐨勫悓鏃?鍙堜繚鐣欎簡鍘熺潃鐨勬牳蹇?璇犻噴浜嗗彜浠e拰鐜颁唬浜烘€т腑涓€鑷寸殑鎯呮劅鍐呮兜銆傛槸浠?鐢靛奖銆婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬪彲瑙嗕负浼犲銆婅亗闅愬銆嬬幇浠f剰涔夌殑寤朵几銆傜洰鍓?瀵硅鐢靛奖鐨勭爺绌跺鍊惧悜浜庣數褰变富棰樸€佺數褰变汉鐗╃殑鎯呮劅鍛借繍銆佹晠浜嬭儗鏅垨鎷嶆憚鏂瑰紡绛夋柟闈㈢殑鎺㈣銆傛湰鏂囨嫙浠庝簰鏂囩悊璁虹殑瑙掑害灏嗗奖鐗囩撼鍏ョ浉鍏宠仈鐨勪綔鍝佹枃鏈郴缁熶腑杩涜娣卞叆鐮旂┒銆?/span>

銆€銆€浜掓枃鎬х悊璁哄叴璧蜂簬20涓栫邯60骞翠唬,缃楀叞·宸寸壒璇磋繃:“浠讳綍鏂囨湰閮芥槸浜掓湰鏂?鍦ㄤ竴涓湰鏂囦箣涓?涓嶅悓绋嬪害鍦板苟浠ュ悇绉嶅灏戣兘杈ㄨ鐨勫舰寮忓瓨鍦ㄧ潃鐨勬湰鏂?渚嬪,鍏堝墠鏂囧寲鐨勬湰鏂囧拰鍛ㄥ洿鏂囧寲鐨勬湰鏂囥€?rdquo;[1]浜掓枃鎬ф蹇靛己璋冭鐓т綔鍝佺殑鍓嶆彁鏄?寤虹珛涓€涓綋绯绘剰璇?鍗充粠鍘嗘椂鎬у拰鍏辨椂鎬т袱涓柟闈㈡潵瑙傜収銆備粠鍘嗘椂鎬ц搴︾湅,瀹冩敞閲嶇殑鏄墠鏂囨湰鐨勫奖鍝嶇爺绌?浠庤€屽緱浠ュ鏂版枃鏈湁绯荤粺鐨勮鐭?浠庡叡鏃舵€ц搴︾湅,瀹冨皢鏂囨湰涓庡叾浠栨枃鏈姣旂爺绌?璁╂枃鏈湪绯荤粺涓‘瀹氬叾鐗规€с€傛瑷€涔?浜掓枃鎬ф寚鐨勬槸涓€涓枃鏈鍏朵粬鏂囨湰鐨勬姌灏勫叧绯?鍙欎簨瀛﹀鏉版媺灏斿痉·鏅灄鏂湪鍏朵富缂栫殑銆婂彊浜嬪璇嶅吀銆嬩腑璇磋繃“涓€涓‘瀹氱殑鏂囨湰涓庡畠鎵€寮曠敤銆佹敼鍐欍€佸惛鏀躲€佹墿灞曘€佹垨鍦ㄦ€讳綋涓婂姞浠ユ敼閫犵殑鍏朵粬鏂囨湰涔嬮棿鐨勫叧绯?骞朵笖杩欑鍏崇郴鎵嶅彲浠ョ悊瑙h繖涓枃鏈€?rdquo;[2]

銆€銆€涓€銆佺數褰辨枃鏈笌浼犲鏂囨湰涔嬮棿鐨勪簰鏂囨€?/span>

銆€銆€杩欑鏈夌潃涓板瘜闃愰噴绌洪棿鍜屾棤绌风敓鍛藉姏鐨勪簰鏂囨€х悊璁烘槧灏勫湪鏂囧鐮旂┒涓?鏈€绐佸嚭鐨勫憟鐜板嵆涓哄悗鏂囨湰瀵瑰墠鏂囨湰鐨勫琛ユ垨鏀瑰啓銆傚鏋滄妸浼犲灏忚瑙嗕负鍓嶆枃鏈?鑰屾妸鏀圭紪鍚庣殑褰辩墖瑙嗕负鍚庢枃鏈殑璇?閭d箞鐢卞皬璇村悜鐢靛奖鐨勮繃娓′篃浣撶幇浜嗕竴绉嶄簰鏂囨€у叧绯汇€傘€婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬭櫧涓庛€婅亗闅愬銆嬬浉宸竾閲?褰辩墖涓病鏈変簡鍒樻槍瑁斻€佸垬绾?鑰屾槸灏嗕紶濂囦腑鏈彁鍙婂鍚嶇殑榄忓崥鑺傚害浣跨敯瀛e畨浣滀负鐢蜂富瑙?浣嗕篃鍩烘湰淇濈暀浜嗐€婅亗闅愬銆嬬殑鏁呬簨妗嗘灦,鏃堕棿銆佸湴鐐广€侀儴鍒嗕汉鐗╁拰鎯呰妭閮芥湁鐩存帴寮曠敤鍜岀暀瀛樸€備袱涓簰鏂囨枃鏈晠浜嬮兘鍙戠敓浜庢殫鏉€涔嬮鐩涜鐨勫攼寰峰畻璐炲厓骞撮棿鐨勯瓘鍗?閮芥槸浠ュコ鍒哄鑱傞殣濞樹负涓昏鏋勫缓鏁呬簨鎯呰妭,鍏剁埗涓哄攼璐炲厓涓瓘鍗氬ぇ灏嗚亗閿?閮芥湁骞煎勾琚珮浜哄甫璧?瀛﹁壓澶氬勾鍚庤閫佸綊瀹?姝﹀櫒涓虹緤瑙掑寱棣?闅愬濂夊笀鍛藉埡鏉€鏌愬ぇ鍍氬嵈鏈繊涓嬫墜涔嬩簨绛夊叡鍚屾儏鑺傘€傝繖鏃犵枒璇存槑鐢靛奖涓庝紶濂囨湁寰堟繁鐨勪簰鏂囨€у叧鑱?浣嗚繖绉嶅叧鑱斿張鍥犱负鏃朵唬銆佹帴鍙楃兢浣撳拰鍒涗綔鑰呯瓑涓嶅悓,鍛堢幇鍑鸿緝澶х殑宸紓銆備粠褰辩墖鍙互鐪嬪嚭,鐢靛奖鍦ㄤ簰鏂囦箣浣欏鍏舵儏鎰熷拰涓婚杩涜瑙f瀯鍜岄噸寤恒€?/span>

銆€銆€褰辩墖涓?鑱傞殣濞樺甯堝懡鍒烘潃榄忓崥鑺傚害浣跨敯瀛e畨杩欎竴涓昏浜嬩欢瀹屽叏鏄婕旀坊鍔犵殑鏂板唴瀹?鍢夎瘹鍏富銆佸槈淇″叕涓汇€佽儭濮€佺敯鍏淬€侀噰鑽€佽€呯瓑瑙掕壊閮芥槸鍏ㄦ柊鐨?骞舵敼鍓嶆枃鏈腑绁炵鍗存棤瓒宠交閲嶇殑纾ㄩ暅灏戝勾涓轰妇瓒宠交閲嶇殑璐熼暅灏戝勾銆傚奖鐗囨槸鍦ㄥ綋浠婅澧冧笅閲嶈銆婅亗闅愬銆?鍔垮繀闇€瑕佷娇鏁呬簨鏇寸鍚堢幇浠f€濇疆銆傚奖鐗囦腑鑱傞殣濞樺績鐏电殑瀛ょ嫭銆佹專鎵?鎯呮劅鐨勭籂钁?鍥藉鏀挎不鍜屼釜浜洪€夋嫨鐨勫啿绐?瀵逛翰鎯呯殑娓存湜浠ュ強鏈€鍚庨€夋嫨杩滅鐨勭粨灞€閮芥洿鍔犵鍚堢幇浠d汉鐨勬甯歌鐭ュ拰鎯呮劅璇夋眰銆備警瀛濊搐鍒涢€犳€х殑鐢靛奖鏀圭紪,浣夸箣鍛堢幇鍑鸿骏寮傜殑浜虹墿褰㈣薄銆佹儏鎰熻拷姹傚拰瀹$編浣撻獙銆傚洜姝?褰辩墖灏嗕紶濂囨晠浜嬩腑濂充富鐨勫鐙斁澶у埌“鍙湁涓€浜?娌℃湁鍚岀被”,鏇磋兘寮曡捣鐜颁唬浜虹殑鎯呮劅鍏遍福銆?/span>
 

銆€銆€浜屻€佺數褰辨枃鏈笌鍏告晠“闈掗妇鑸為暅”涔嬮棿鐨勪簰鏂囨€?/span>

銆€銆€“闈掗妇鑸為暅”鍦ㄥ奖鐗囦腑鍑虹幇鏁版,鍫О鏄數褰辩殑鐗囩溂,鏄奖鐗囦负鍑告樉鍢夎瘹鍏富鍜岃亗闅愬鏃犳灊鍙爾鐨勬偛鍑夋劅鎵€璁剧疆鐨勬儏鑺傘€傜數褰卞彴璇嶈櫧绠€鐣?鍗村湪浜や唬闈掗妇鑸為暅鍏告晠鏃堕璇﹀敖,鏋佸姏娓叉煋:“楦句笁骞翠笉楦?澶汉鏇?灏濋椈楦捐绫诲垯楦?浣曚笉鎮暅鐓т箣,鐜嬩粠鍏惰█,楦剧澒褰辨偛楦?鍐查渼涓€濂嬭€岀粷銆?rdquo;姝ゅ吀鏁呭嚭鑷簬鍗楁湞瀹嬭寖娉般€婇妇楦熻瘲搴忋€?“鏄旂浇瀹剧帇缁撶疆宄荤涔嬪北,鑾蜂竴楦鹃笩銆傜帇鐢氱埍涔?娆插叾楦h€屼笉鑳借嚧涔熴€備箖楗颁互閲戞▕,椋т互鐝嶉,瀵逛箣鎰堟垰,涓夊勾涓嶉福銆傚叾澶汉鏇?‘灏濋椈楦熻鍏剁被鑰屽悗楦?浣曚笉鎮暅浠ユ槧涔?’鐜嬩粠鍏惰█,楦剧澒褰㈡劅濂?鎱ㄧ劧鎮查福,鍝€鍝嶄腑闇?涓€濂嬭€岀粷銆?rdquo;[3]褰辩墖涓昏鍙栭潚楦剧殑瀛ょ嫭鎰熺珛鎰?鏆楁寚绌烘湁涓€韬湰棰嗗嵈鏃犱汉鎳傚緱,鍗?ldquo;涓€涓汉,娌℃湁鍚岀被銆?rdquo;鍢夎瘹鍏富鍙韩鍜屼翰,鐙珌鐣偊,鏁d簡浜煄渚嶄粠,浠ヨ〃涓嬪珌榄忓崥涔嬪績,鍗村洜韬鏈濆环鍜岄瓘鍗氬す缂濅箣涓?瀛ょ嫭鏃犲姪銆傝€屽叾濮愬槈淇″叕涓绘槸浣滀负鏄庣嚎浜虹墿鐜拌韩浜庡奖鐗?鍚屾牱浠h〃浜嗛潚楦剧殑鍚箟,钀藉彂涓哄凹,鍩瑰吇鍒哄涓撻棬鍒烘潃鏆磋檺鐨勮棭闀囦富,瀛戠劧涓€韬?瓒呯劧鐙珛,濡傞潚楦?閮芥槸鐢熸椿鍦ㄧ敱鏉冨埄銆佷翰鎯呫€佹斂娌绘搷鎺т箣涓嬬殑瀛ょ嫭鐨勭伒榄傘€傝繖涓や釜瑙掕壊鍏卞悓褰卞搷浜嗚亗闅愬鐨勪竴鐢?鎵€浠ュ奖鐗囧紩鐢?ldquo;闈掗妇鑸為暅”鐨勫吀鏁呬篃鏆楁寚闅愬鐨勫懡杩愩€傚奖鐗囩殑涓昏皟鏄鐙偛鍑?鑰岃繖绉嶆儏鎰熷熀璋冩洿澶氱敱濂充富鎵€娑夋儏鑺傝〃鐜板嚭鏉?“闈掗妇鑸為暅”鐨勫吀鏁呮洿鏄嚫鏄捐繖绉嶆儏鎰?灏嗕汉鐗╁懡杩愰櫡鍏ュ浗瀹舵斂娌讳笌涓汉鎯呮劅鐨勭籂钁涗箣涓?浣垮奖鐗囩粨灞€闅愬鏈€缁堟斁寮冨埡鏉€绂诲紑涓師鏄惧緱鏇村悎涔庢儏鐞嗐€傚奖鐗囧“闈掗妇鑸為暅”鐨勫紩鐢ㄦ鏄奖鐗囦笌鍏朵粬鏂囨湰褰㈡垚浜掓枃鎬у叧绯荤殑浣撶幇銆?/span>

銆€銆€涓夈€佺數褰辨枃鏈笌鍞愪唬鐩稿叧鍙叉枡涔嬮棿鐨勪簰鏂囨€?/span>

銆€銆€銆婅亗闅愬銆嬭櫧鐒跺拰瑁撮搹銆婁紶濂囥€嬩腑鍏朵粬鏁呬簨涓€鑷?鏈変竴涓垏瀹炲彲鑰冪殑鍘嗗彶鑳屾櫙,姣斿,灏忚涓彁鍒扮殑“璐炲厓”“鍏冨拰”“寮€鎴?rdquo;閮芥槸鍞愪唬鐪熷疄鐨勫巻鍙插勾鍙?榄忓崥鑺傚害浣垮拰闄堣鑺傚害浣挎槸鍞愭湯钘╅晣鍓叉嵁鐨勯噸瑕佸姏閲?鍙蹭功纭湁璁拌浇,鐢氳嚦闄堣鑺傚害浣夸簬鍏冨拰鍏勾鍏ユ湞涔嬩簨,涔熸槸鐪熷疄鍙€?鐒惰崚璇炵殑鎯呰妭銆佽繎涔庡够鏈殑姝﹁壓銆佸尓澶锋墍鎬濈殑鏂楁硶绛夐兘灏嗕紶濂囨晠浜嬪綊鍏ヤ簡铏氭瀯蹇楁€殑琛屽垪銆傚奖鐗囨敼鍙樹簡鍒涗綔鏂瑰悜,鎶婂墠鏂囨湰涓織鎬崚璇炵殑閮ㄥ垎瀹屽叏鍒犲幓,鑰屾槸灏嗗叾浣滀负鍙欎簨鑳屾櫙鐨勫攼浠e巻鍙茬粏鍖?鍔姏鍥炲綊鍘嗗彶,璁剧疆鏂扮殑鍙欎簨鍦烘櫙,“杩欓儴鐢靛奖鐨勬敼缂栨妸瀹冧粠绾补榄斿够涓栫晫涓媺鍥炰汉闂?鏁呬簨鐨勫彲鐞嗚В鎬уぇ澶ф敼瑙傘€?rdquo;[4]鍥犳,鐢ㄤ簰鏂囨€х悊璁鸿鐓у奖鐗囦笌姝ゆ鍞愪唬鍙叉枡灏辨湁浜嗘剰涔夊拰浠峰€笺€傛柊鏃с€婂攼涔︺€嬪拰銆婅祫娌婚€氶壌銆?“鎶婂崡鍖楁湞鍒伴殝鍞愮殑绀句細椋庝織鍙层€佽妭搴︿娇瀹橀樁褰㈡垚銆佽儭鍖栨眽浜轰笌姹変汉涔嬮棿鐨勫叧绯?浠ュ強閬e攼浣垮拰鍞愭湞涔嬮棿鐨勫叧绯婚兘鍐欎簡涓€閬嶃€?rdquo;[5]

銆€銆€褰辩墖鎵€鍙欐晠浜嬪彂鐢熺殑鏃堕棿鏄攼璐炲厓鑷冲厓鍜屽勾闂?鍦扮偣鏄瓘鍗?閲嶈瑙掕壊鏈夎亗闅愬銆佺敯瀛e畨銆佺敯鍏冩皬銆佸槈璇氬叕涓汇€佸槈淇″叕涓汇€佺(闀滃皯骞寸瓑,涓昏浜嬩欢鏄埡瀹㈣亗闅愬“鍥犳潃涓€澶彲鏁戝崈鐧句汉”鑰屽甯堝懡鍒烘潃榄忓崥鑺傚害浣跨敯瀛e畨銆備粠鏁呬簨鎯呰妭鍒版椂闂淬€佸湴鐐归兘鍏虫秹鍒版斂娌绘椂灞€,鎵€娑夊叧閿汉鐗╁鏀挎不鏍煎眬鐨勬瀯寤哄灏戦兘鏈夊奖鍝嶃€?/span>

銆€銆€鍚曟€濆媺鏇捐瘎寰峰畻鍒濆勾鐨勬斂娌诲眬闈?“鍙皳鑳借捣琛版尟寮?鐒惰€岀粓鏃犳垚鍔熻€?鍒欎互鏄椂钘╅晣涔嬪姏澶己,鏈濆环鍏靛姏銆佽储鍔涚殕涓嶈冻,鑰屽痉瀹楅攼鎰忚浼愪笉鐭ヨ繘閫€,閬傝嚧鑳藉彂鑰屼笉鑳芥敹銆?rdquo;[6]鍘嗗彶涓婇瓘鍗氥€佹垚寰枫€佸崲榫欎笁闀囧悎绉版渤鏈斾笁闀?鍚勮嚜涓烘斂,鍜屽攼鏈濆环瀵圭珛涓ラ噸,灏や互榄忓崥涓烘渶,鐢靛奖鍜屽彶鏂欓兘瀵规澶氭湁鎻愬強,骞跺垎涓烘嫢鎶ゆ湞寤峰拰瀵规姉鏈濆环涓ゆ淳銆傜敺涓昏鐢板瀹変负鍙叉枡鐨勭洿鎺ュ紩鐢?鍑轰簬銆婃柊鍞愪功銆?“瀛e畨瀛楀銆傛瘝寰幢,鍏富鍛戒负宸卞瓙,瀹犲啝璇稿厔銆?rdquo;[7]鍢夎瘹鍏富鐢熷钩浜︽槸鏍规嵁銆婃柊鍞愪功銆嬫墍杞?“璧靛浗搴勬嚳鍏富,濮嬪皝姝﹀姛娓呫€傝礊鍏冨厓骞?寰欏皝鍢夎瘹銆備笅瀚侀瓘鍗氳妭搴︿娇鐢扮华,寰峰畻骞告湜鏄ヤ涵涓撮ク銆傚帉缈熸暆涓嶅彲涔?浠ラ噾鏍逛唬涔嬨€傚叕涓诲嚭闄?涔橀噾鏍硅溅,鑷富濮嬨€傝枿鍏冨拰鏃?璧犲皝鍙婅哎銆?rdquo;[7]3663杩欎簺鎯呰妭鐢辫韩涓哄叕涓诲綍浜嬪畼鐨勮亗鐢版皬(鑱傞殣濞樻瘝浜?鍙d腑閬撳嚭,涓庡彶涔﹁杞藉熀鏈竴鑷淬€傚槈璇氬叕涓昏嚜浜笀闀垮畨闄嶅珌榄忓崥鐢扮华鏄礊鍏冨厓骞?785骞?,鏃跺勾鐢板瀹夊洓宀?鍏富瑙嗕负宸卞瓙鏁欒偛闀垮ぇ,缁堝叾涓€鐢熷叏鍔涚淮鎸侀瓘鍗氫笌鏈濆环涔嬮棿鐨勫拰骞炽€傚ス鐤肩埍闅愬,鏇炬暀濂瑰脊鐞?缁欏ス璁查潚楦捐垶闀滅殑鏁呬簨,骞朵负闅愬涓庣敯瀛e畨瀹氫笅濠氱害,鏄殣濞樻浘缁忕殑绮剧鍋跺儚鍜屽懡杩愪富瀵艰€呫€傚奖鐗囪繕娑夊強涓€鍦烘斂娌诲濮?mdash;—鐢板瀹変笌娲涘窞鍒哄彶鍏冭皧濂冲効鐨勫浜嬨€傘€婃棫鍞愪功銆嬫湁杞?“鍗佷簩骞存槬姝f湀鐢插崍鏈斻€傚簹瀛?鍏冭皧銆佹潕鏂囬€氱巼娲哄窞鍏典簲鍗冦€佹皯浜斾竾瀹朵笢濂旂敯缁€?rdquo;[8]褰辩墖灏嗘浣滀负鑳屾櫙,鐢辩敯瀛e畨鍙d腑閬撳嚭:娲涘窞鍒哄彶鍏冭皧鐜囦竾浜烘姇榄忓崥,鍢夎瘹鍏富涓虹敯瀛e畨鑰冭檻,绛斿簲鍏冭皧濂充笌鐢板瀹夋垚濠?“灞堝彌浜嗙獔涓?rdquo;,浜や唬浜嗛殣濞樼瀹跺鑹虹殑缂樼敱,涔熶负鍚庢潵鐨勬儏鑺傚彂灞曞仛浜嗛摵鍨€備粠杩欎簺鍐呭涓婄湅,褰辩墖瀵瑰彶鏂欑殑寮曠敤銆佹敼缂栥€佸壀瑁佺瓑鐨勭‘鏄笌鍞愪唬鐩稿叧鍙叉枡褰㈡垚浜掓枃鎬у叧鑱斻€?/span>

銆€銆€褰辩墖涓嶈冻涓や釜灏忔椂,鍗寸湡瀹炲湴鏄犲皠鍑洪瓘鍗氫笌涓ぎ鏈濆环鐨勫井濡欏叧绯?楗卞惈浜嗗姩鑽$殑鏃跺眬銆佹殫鏉€涔嬮鐨勭洓琛屽強韬櫡鏀挎不婕╂丁涔嬩腑鐨勪富浜哄叕鎯呮劅鐨勬妷鎷╃瓑鍐呭,鍙皳鍖呯綏涓囪薄銆?/span>

銆€銆€鍥涖€佺數褰辨枃鏈笌渚瓭璐ゅ叾浠栦綔鍝佷箣闂寸殑浜掓枃鎬?/span>

銆€銆€璇楁剰鍖栨槸渚瓭璐ょ數褰辩殑鍏遍€氭€?闀块暅澶村拰绌洪暅澶磋惀閫犲嚭鐙壒鐨勮瑙夐鏍?鎴愪负“渚紡椋庢牸”鐨勬嫑鐗屻€傛湵澶╂枃鏇惧湪璁胯皥鑺傜洰涓杩?“渚瓭璐ゅ熀鏈槸涓姃鎯呰瘲浜?鑰屼笉鏄鏁呬簨鐨勪汉,浠栫殑鐢靛奖鐨勭壒璐ㄤ篃鍦ㄤ簬姝?鏄姃鎯呯殑,鑰岄潪鍙欎簨鍜屾垙鍓с€?hellip;…浠栧€惧悜浜庢皵姘涘拰涓€?瀵硅鏁呬簨娌℃湁鍏磋叮銆?rdquo; [9]渚瓭璐ゆ瀬鍏疯瘲浜烘皵璐?鍦ㄥ奖鐗囦腑甯稿父灏嗕腑鍥戒紶缁熸枃鍖栧唴鍖栦负鍏锋湁鐜颁唬绮剧鐨勪汉鏂囧叧鎬€銆備粬浠ユ繁鍒荤殑鎬濊€冩墦寮€瑙備紬鐨勫績鎵?浠ュ奖鐗囨潵琛ㄨ揪浠栧浜恒€佷汉涓庡搴€佷汉涓庣ぞ浼氱瓑鍏崇郴鐨勬€濊€冦€備綔涓轰警瀛濊搐“涓冨勾纾ㄤ竴鍓?rdquo;鐨勫姏浣溿€婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬫湁鐫€娣辨繁鐨?ldquo;渚紡椋庢牸”,涓庝警瀵煎叾浠栦唬琛ㄤ綔鍝佸舰鎴愪簡瀵嗗垏鐨勪簰鏂囨€у叧鑱斻€?/span>

銆€銆€棣栧厛,鍦ㄥ啓瀹炲彊浜嬩笂鐨勪簰鏂囥€備警瀛濊搐浣滃搧澶氬叧娉ㄧ幇瀹炵敓娲?鐪熷垏鍦拌褰曞彴婀句汉鐨勬棩甯哥敓娲汇€傘€婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬭櫧鍙栨潗浼犲鏁呬簨,鍗存憭寮冧簡鍓嶆枃鏈腑鑽掕癁鎬紓鐨勫洜绱犲拰杈冧负澶嶆潅绂诲鐨勬晠浜嬫儏鑺?灏嗘晠浜嬬畝鍖栫殑鍚屾椂,鏇存敞閲嶅巻鍙插彶瀹?浣垮奖鐗囩湡瀹炲彲淇?鎯呮劅灞傞潰涓婁笌瑙備紬鐨勬湡寰呮洿鍚诲悎銆傚叾娆?鏄敞閲嶈〃鐜颁汉鐗╃簿绁炰笘鐣屾垨蹇冪悊鐘舵€佷笂鐨勪簰鏂囥€備警瀵间綔鍝佸鎿呬簬琛ㄧ幇瑙掕壊绮剧鍜屽績鐞?濡?983骞存媿鎽勭殑銆婇鏌滄潵鐨勪汉銆嬩粠瀹㈣鐨勮搴﹀幓鎻忔懝灏戝勾鍦ㄦ垚闀胯繃绋嬩腑鐨勫績璺巻绋嬨€傝€屽湪銆婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬩腑涔熸槸杩愮敤鎯敤鐨勬墜娉?鐢ㄩ暱闀滃ご鍜屽洖蹇嗙瓑鍑告樉闅愬鐙鐨勫績鐏点€傛渶鍚?鏄浜叉儏鐨勫悜寰€鍜屽钩娣$敓娲荤殑娓存湜涓婄殑浜掓枃銆?ldquo;瀹?rdquo;鏄警瀛濊搐鍦ㄥ叾浣滃搧涓弽澶嶆瀯寤哄拰鎻忕粯鐨勪富浣撳拰瀵硅薄,涓斿閫氳繃鐖朵翰褰㈣薄涓轰緷鎵樿〃杈惧浜叉儏鐨勬复鏈涖€傛瘮濡?銆婇鏌滄潵鐨勪汉銆嬩腑闃挎竻鐖朵翰鐨勫舰璞?銆婂啲鍐殑鍋囨湡銆嬬殑浠?ldquo;鐖朵翰”褰㈣薄鍑虹幇鐨勫鍏鑹?銆婄骞村線浜嬨€嬩腑瀵归樋瀛濈埗浜茬殑褰㈣薄鎻忔懝,銆婃亱鎭嬮灏樸€嬩腑闃胯繙鐖朵翰鐨勫舰璞°€傘€婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬪皢浼犲鏁呬簨涓鎻忓啓濂充富鐖朵翰鐨勫瀵ユ暟璇綔浜嗚緝澶х殑鏀圭紪,姣斿,闅愬鍒濆綊瀹剁殑鐗囨鎻忔懝,瀵瑰骞磋繙绂诲搴殑闅愬鑰岃█,瀹朵腑鐨勪翰浜恒€佸崕涓界殑缇庤。銆佺埗姣嶇殑瀹犵埍閮芥槸濂硅嚜灏忚鍓ョ鐨勪笢瑗?鍙湁鍒哄鎵嶆槸灞炰簬濂圭殑韬唤,浣嗗ス瀵逛翰鎯呮瀬搴︾殑娓存湜,娓存湜鎵撶牬鐩墠鐨勫懡杩?鑾峰緱姝e父鐨勫搴敓娲汇€傚奖鐗囦腑澶氭鎻愬埌鐖朵翰鑱傞攱璇村綋鍒濆氨涓嶈璁╅殣濞樿窡鐫€閬撳璧?骞跺湪闅愬鑸嶅懡鏁戜粬鐨勭墖娈典腑灏嗗叾瀵归殣濞樼殑浜叉儏鍗囧埌浜嗛《绔€傝€岄殣濞樺骞虫贰鐢熸椿鐨勬复鏈涗篃澶氭鍦ㄥ奖鐗囦腑灞曠幇,姣斿,闅愬鐪嬪埌瑕佸埡鏉€鐨勬煇澶у儦鍜屽閲屽绔ョ帺鑰?鐪嬪埌鐢板瀹夊拰瀹朵汉涓€璧疯繃鐫€骞虫贰鍙堝畨閫哥殑鐢熸椿鏃?濂规牴鏈笉鎯冲嚭鎵?杩欐牱鏈篃灞炰簬濂圭殑鐢熸椿,鍗村彧鑳藉湪鏍戜笂銆佸笜鍚庛€佸眿椤堕粯榛樼湅鐫€,“涓€涓汉,娌℃湁鍚岀被”銆傚湪渚瓭璐ょ悊鎯崇殑鏋勫缓涓?闅愬娌℃湁姝ュ叕涓诲拰甯堢埗鐨勫悗灏?瀛ょ嫭缁堜簡,鑰屾槸璁剧疆浜嗗叏鏂板績濡傛槑闀溿€佺畝鍗曠編濂界殑纾ㄩ暅灏戝勾瑙掕壊,闅愬鏈€缁堥€夋嫨蹇犱簬鍐呭績,鏀惧純闀挎湡浠ユ潵璁ゅ悓鐨勫埡瀹㈣韩浠?杩滅鏀挎不婕╂丁鍜屾儏鎰熺籂钁?瀵绘壘鑷垜,杩欎篃鏄警瀛濊搐澶ч儴鍒嗕綔鍝佹瀯寤虹殑鍏卞悓涓婚銆?/span>

銆€銆€姒傝█涔?鐢靛奖鏂囨湰銆婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬩腑鑳藉彂鐜板叾瀵瑰墠鏂囨湰銆婅亗闅愬銆嬫晠浜嬫儏鑺傜殑淇濈暀涓庡紩鐢?瀵?ldquo;闈掗妇鑸為暅”鍏告晠鐨勫寲鐢ㄤ互鍙婂攼浠e彶鏂欑殑鍓,杩欎簺鍧囧彲瑙嗕负鐢靛奖鍜屼笌涔嬬浉鍏虫枃鏈殑浜掓枃鎬у叧鑱?鑰岀數褰辨媿鎽勬墜娉曞拰琛ㄧ幇鏂规硶鐨?ldquo;渚紡椋庢牸”鍒欐槸姝ゆ枃鏈笌渚瓭璐ゅ叾浠栦綔鍝佷箣闂存湁鐫€瀵嗗垏浜掓枃鎬у叧鑱旂殑鏄庤瘉銆傘€婂埡瀹㈣亗闅愬銆嬭浆鎹㈠攼浼犲鐨勫彊浜嬭瑙?寮哄寲鍘嗗彶鑳屾櫙鍜屼富瑕佽鑹茬殑鎯呮劅鍙樺寲,灞曠ず鍑轰笉鍚屾椂鏈熺殑浜虹墿鍙樺寲鍜屼笉鍚岀殑鎯呮劅璇夋眰,鍏呭垎浣撶幇浜嗕警瀛濊搐鐨勪釜浜洪鏍?骞堕ケ鍚幇浠g簿绁?绗﹀悎鐜颁唬瑙備紬鐨勬湡寰呰閲庛€?/span>

銆€銆€鍙傝€冩枃鐚?/span>

銆€銆€[1] 鐜嬩竴宸?璇█鐨勪箤鎵橀偊[M].鏄嗘槑:浜戝崡浜烘皯鍑虹増绀?1999:250.
銆€銆€[2] 鏈卞畨鍗?鏈辩敓璞殑鏂囧缈昏瘧鐮旂┒[M].鍖椾含:鍥介槻宸ヤ笟鍑虹増绀?2014:103.
銆€銆€[3] 娆ч槼璇?鑹烘枃绫昏仛[M].涓婃捣:涓婃捣鍙ょ睄鍑虹増绀?2013:1560.
銆€銆€[4] 鏈卞ぉ鏂?闃垮煄,渚瓭璐?鍒哄鑱傞殣濞?[J].褰撲唬鐢靛奖,2015(10):26.
銆€銆€[5] 鑲栨絿,鏉庤埅.浠庡攼浼犲鍒扮數褰辩殑鏂囨湰鍙樿縼[J].鍑虹増骞胯,2016(11):91.
銆€銆€[6] 鍚曟€濆媺.闅嬪攼浜斾唬鍙?涓奫M].涓婃捣:涓婃捣鍙ょ睄鍑虹増绀?1959:282.
銆€銆€[7] 娆ч槼淇?瀹嬬,鑼冮晣,绛?鏂板攼涔M].鍖椾含:涓崕涔﹀眬,1975:5933.
銆€銆€[8] 鍒樻槴.鏃у攼涔M].鍖椾含:涓崕涔﹀眬,1975:363.
銆€銆€[9] 鏈卞ぉ鏂?鎶掓儏涓庢皵姘?鏈€濂界殑鏃跺厜:渚瓭璐ょ數褰辫褰昜M].娴庡崡:灞变笢涔︾敾鍑虹増绀?2006:335.

纭曞崥璁烘枃缃?/a>鏄竴瀹朵笓涓氭彁渚涜鏂囧畾鍒朵慨鏀规湇鍔$殑缃戠珯锛屼笂10骞寸殑璁烘枃缁忛獙锛屾棤璁烘槸鏈璁烘枃銆佺澹鏂囪繕鏄湡鍒婅鏂囷紝鍗氬+璁烘枃锛屾垜浠兘鑳戒负鎮ㄦ彁渚涙柟渚裤€佸揩鎹枫€佸畨鍏ㄧ殑璁烘枃鏈嶅姟銆?/strong>

 

纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃? /></td>
  </tr>
</table>
<table width=

纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃? 娆㈣繋鎮ㄧ殑鍜ㄨ锛佹垜浠皢涓烘偍鎻愪緵鏈€浼樿川銆侀珮鏁堢殑鏈嶅姟锛?br /> 涓撲笟鏈嶅姟锛屼紭璐ㄥ洟闃燂紝璇氫俊楂樻晥锛屽€煎緱淇¤禆锛?br /> 婀業CP澶?9012525鍙?/a>

杩斿洖椤堕儴