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鎴戝浗瀹夊畞鐤楁姢寤鸿鐨勫奖鍝嶅洜绱犱笌寤鸿

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銆€鎽?nbsp;   瑕侊細銆€涓寸粓鎮h€呭湪鐢熺悊鍜屽績鐞嗘柟闈㈤伃鍙楃潃涓嶅悓绋嬪害鐨勬姌纾紝瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勫彂灞曞鏀瑰杽鍏朵复缁堢敓娲昏川閲忋€佺紦瑙e姝讳骸鐨勬亹鎯у叿鏈夐噸澶х殑鐮旂┒鎰忎箟銆傛湰鏂囧鎴戝浗瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勫彂灞曠幇鐘惰繘琛岀患杩帮紝鍒嗘瀽鍏跺奖鍝嶅洜绱犲強瀵圭瓥鐮旂┒锛屼互鏈熶负鍚庢湡寮€灞曢拡瀵规€х殑瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鎻愪緵鍙傝€冦€?/span>

鎴戝浗瀹夊畞鐤楁姢寤鸿鐨勫奖鍝嶅洜绱犱笌寤鸿

銆€銆€鍏抽敭璇嶏細銆€瀹夊畞鐤楁姢; 濮戞伅鐤楁硶; 鍖荤枟淇濋殰;

銆€銆€Abstract锛氥€€Hospice patients suffer from varying degrees of physical and psychological torture. However, the development of palliative care has great research significance for improving their quality of life at the end of life and easing their fear of death. This paper reviews the current development status of palliative care in China, analyzes its influencing factors and countermeasures, with a view to providing reference for the targeted implementation of palliative care.

銆€銆€Keyword锛氥€€palliative care; palliative therapy; medical security;

銆€銆€鍙椾腑鍥戒紶缁熺敓姝昏鐨勫奖鍝嶏紝“閲嶇敓鎭舵”鍦ㄤ汉浠剳娴蜂腑鏍规繁钂傚浐銆傞殢鐫€绀句細鐨勪笉鏂繘姝ュ拰鐢熸椿姘村钩鐨勪笉鏂彁楂橈紝浣滀负鐢熷懡鏃呴€斾腑鐨勬渶鍚庝竴绋?mdash;——“姝讳骸”锛屼篃瓒婃潵瓒婂彈鍒颁汉浠殑閲嶈锛?ldquo;瀹夊畞鐤楁姢”锛坧alliative care锛夐€愭笎琚汉浠啛鐭ャ€傛湰鏂囧鎴戝浗瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勫彂灞曠幇鐘躲€佸奖鍝嶅洜绱犲強鐩稿簲鏀瑰杽鎺柦鐨勭爺绌惰繘灞曡繘琛屽垎鏋愶紝浠ユ湡涓哄悗鏈熷紑灞曢拡瀵规€х殑瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鎻愪緵鍙傝€冦€?/span>

銆€銆€1 銆佸畨瀹佺枟鎶ょ殑鐩稿叧姒傚康

銆€銆€瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鍙堢О涓寸粓鍏虫€€銆佸鎭枟娉曠瓑锛屾槸鎸囧綋涓寸粓鎮h€呭娌绘剤鎬у尰鐤楁棤鍙嶅簲鏃讹紝涓烘弧瓒虫偅鑰呰€屾彁渚涚敓鐞嗐€佸績鐞嗐€佺ぞ浼氱瓑鍏ㄦ柟浣嶆姢鐞嗙収椤剧殑涓€绉嶆姢鐞嗘ā寮廩1]銆備笘鐣屽崼鐢熺粍缁囷紙WHO锛夎涓猴細“瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鏄娌℃湁娌绘剤甯屾湜鐨勭梾浜烘墍杩涜鐨勭Н鏋佺殑鑰岄潪娑堟瀬鐨勭収椤俱€傚湪甯姪鎮h€呮敼鍠勮韩浣撶棝鑻︾殑鍚屾椂锛屼篃瀵瑰叾蹇冪悊闇€姹傝繘琛岃瘎浼板苟缁欎簣涓€瀹氱殑鐓ф姢锛屼粠鑰屾彁鍗囨偅鑰呯殑鐢熸椿鍝佽川锛屼互渚胯揪鍒版洿濂界殑鐢熸椿璐ㄩ噺銆?rdquo;WHO瀵逛簬瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勫畾涔夊湪涓€瀹氱▼搴︿笂鑲畾浜嗙敓鍛界殑浠峰€硷紝骞跺皢姝讳骸鐪嬩綔涓€涓粓绌朵細鍒版潵鐨勮繃绋嬶紝涓嶅姞閫熺敓鍛界殑杩囩▼銆佷笉寤剁紦姝讳骸鐨勫埌鏉ワ紝鑰屾槸鏀寔鐥呬汉骞堕紦鍔卞叾绉瀬鍦版椿鐫€鐩村埌杈炰笘锛岃揪鍒?ldquo;浼橀€?rdquo;鐨勫鐣孾2]銆?/span>
 

銆€銆€2銆?瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勬湇鍔″璞′互鍙婇渶姹?/span>

銆€銆€鎵€璋?ldquo;瀹夊畞”鍗冲湪鐢熷懡鐨勬渶鍚庨樁娈典韩鍙楀綋涓栫殑缇庡ソ锛屾弧瓒冲叾鏈€杩垏鐨勯渶姹傦紝鎰熷彈鐢熷懡鐪熷疄瀛樺湪鐨勬剰涔夛紝浠ヨ幏寰楀唴蹇冪殑婊¤冻涓庡厖瀹烇紝鍦ㄧ敓鍛界粓鐐瑰埌鏉ヤ箣闄咃紝浠ュ钩闈欑殑銆佹鏃犳亹鎯х殑蹇冩儏鍘绘帴鍙椼€傛渶鍒濓紝瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勪富瑕佹姢鐞嗗璞℃槸缁堟湯鏈熺梾浜恒€佹伓鎬ц偪鐦ょ梾浜猴紝鍚庢潵閫愭笎鎵╁睍涓烘墍鏈夎韩鎮d笉鍙不鎰堢柧鐥呯殑鐥呬汉[3]銆備复缁堟偅鑰呮槸杩欑被浜虹兢鐨勪唬绉帮紝鎸囩敓鍛藉湪鍖诲棰嗗煙涓婃棤娉曞欢缁紝鐢熷瓨鏃堕棿浠呭湪6涓湀浠ュ唴鐨勬櫄鏈熸偅鑰匸4]銆傚畫娆㈡绛塠5]鐨勮皟鏌ユ樉绀猴紝涓寸粓鎮h€呯殑闇€姹傚寘鎷細(1)缁存姢韬綋鑸掗€傜殑闇€姹傦紱(2)鑾峰緱缁忔祹鏀寔鐨勯渶姹傦紱(3)鍙備笌绀句細娲诲姩鐨勯渶姹傦紱(4)鐢熷懡鍥為【锛?5)鑾峰緱灏婇噸鐨勯渶姹傘€?/span>

銆€銆€3 銆佸畨瀹佺枟鎶ょ殑鍥㈤槦缁勬垚

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銆€銆€4銆?褰卞搷鎴戝浗瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鍙戝睍鐨勫洜绱?/span>

銆€銆€鐩告瘮浜庢娲插叾浠栧浗瀹讹紝鎴戝浗鐨勫畨瀹佺枟鎶ゅ彂灞曠浉瀵硅緝鎱紝鍦ㄥ彂灞曟ā寮忎笌杩愯浣撳埗涓婁粛瀛樺湪涓嶈冻銆?/span>

銆€銆€4.1銆?鍖荤枟淇濋殰绯荤粺涓嶅畬鍠?/span>

銆€銆€寮犵拠绛夎皟鏌ユ樉绀篬8]锛屾埅鑷?016骞村簳锛屾垜鍥藉煄甯傚尰淇濊鐩栫巼涓?0%宸﹀彸锛屽眬闄愪簬鍙戝睍杈冨ソ鐨勫煄甯傦紝鍦ㄧ浉瀵瑰亸杩滆惤鍚庣殑鍐滄潙锛屽尰淇濊鐩栫巼浠嶉渶杩涗竴姝ユ彁鍗囥€傚尰鐤椾繚闅滅郴缁熺殑涓嶅畬鍠勶紝瀵艰嚧瀹夊畞鐤楁姢缂轰箯璧勯噾鏀寔锛屼复缁堟偅鑰呮棤娉曟壙鎷呮槀璐电殑鍖荤枟璐圭敤锛屼粠鑰岄€夋嫨鏀惧純瀹夊畞鐤楁姢锛岃繖涔熸槸褰卞搷瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鍙戝睍鐨勬渶涓昏鍥犵礌銆?/span>

銆€銆€4.2銆?涓撲笟浜哄憳鍖箯浠ュ強瀛︾璁ょ煡绋嬪害涓嶈冻

銆€銆€鎴戝浗鐨勫畨瀹佺枟鎶や綋绯讳富瑕佹槸鎶ょ悊妯″紡[9]锛屼互鍖婚櫌涓轰富锛屽湪鑱屾姢澹崰杈冨ぇ姣旈噸锛屽叾浠栧绉戜笓涓氫汉鍛樼殑鍙備笌搴︿笉楂樸€傚惔涓栬強绛夎皟鏌ユ樉绀篬10]锛屾姢鐞嗕笓涓氫汉鍛樹互鍙婂叾浠栧绉戜汉鍛樺瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勯噸瑙嗗害鍙婅鐭ョ▼搴﹀お浣庯紝鏈纭叏闈㈠湴璁よ瘑瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鍙戝睍鐨勫繀瑕佹€т笌閲嶈鎬э紝瀵瑰畨瀹佺枟鎶や笓绉戠煡璇嗗強涓村簥瀹炶返鐨勭爺绌剁浉瀵硅緝灏戯紝涓撲笟浜哄憳鐩稿鍖箯銆?/span>

銆€銆€4.3 銆佺己涔忓浗瀹舵斂绛栦互鍙婄浉鍏虫満鏋勭殑鏀寔

銆€銆€2017骞村簳锛屻€婂畨瀹佺枟鎶や腑蹇冨熀鏈爣鍑嗗拰绠$悊瑙勮寖锛堣瘯琛岋級銆嬪拰銆婂畨瀹佺枟鎶ゅ疄璺垫寚鍗楋紙璇曡锛夈€媅11]鍚屾椂鍙戝竷锛岃櫧鐒剁浉鍏虫枃浠剁殑鍙戝竷涓哄畨瀹佺枟鎶ょ殑鍙戝睍鎻愪緵浜嗘寚瀵兼剰瑙侊紝浣嗘槸鐩稿叧鏈烘瀯鐨勫缓绔嬩粛瀛樺湪涓嶈冻锛屽悓鏃讹紝浠庝笟浜哄憳缂轰箯鍥藉璧勬牸璁よ瘉鍙婁笓涓氬煿璁紝澶氬绉戙€佸涓撲笟浜哄憳鍦ㄤ复缁堟偅鑰呯梾鎯呬互鍙婄収鎶ゆā寮忕殑浜ゆ祦涓婂瓨鍦ㄤ竴瀹氱殑闅滅[12]锛屾棤娉曞缓绔嬪叏闈€佽鑼冨寲鐨勫畨瀹佺枟鎶や綋绯诲拰鏈嶅姟鍥㈤槦[13]銆?/span>

銆€銆€4.4 銆佹偅鑰呭強瀹跺睘瀵瑰畨瀹佺枟鎶ょ殑璁ょ煡搴︿綆

銆€銆€瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鍦ㄦ垜鍥芥帹琛岃緝鏅氾紝鍏朵环鍊煎皻娌℃湁寰楀埌澶ч儴鍒嗕汉鐨勮偗瀹氬拰璁ょ煡銆傚寰堝鐧岀棁鏅氭湡鎮h€呭苟涓嶄簡瑙e畨瀹佺枟鎶わ紝鐢氳嚦鍦ㄤ綇闄㈡湡闂撮兘娌℃湁鍚杩囧畨瀹佺枟鎶ゃ€傛湵姝e垰绛夎皟鏌ユ樉绀篬14]锛屼复缁堟偅鑰呭湪姝讳骸鎬佸害涓婃湁鐫€鑷浉鐭涚浘鐨勪竴闈紝浠栦滑甯屾湜浜嗚В鑷韩鐥呮儏锛屽張鏃犳硶鎺ュ彈绛夊緟姝讳骸鐨勬亹鎯с€傚湪涓€瀹氱▼搴︿笂鏃㈡槸鏈嶅姟瀵硅薄涔熸槸鍙備笌鑰呯殑鐥呬汉瀹跺睘锛屽湪瀹夊畞鐤楁姢涓壆婕旂潃鍗佸垎閲嶈鐨勮鑹诧紝鍏舵€佸害鍐冲畾浜嗘偅鑰呮槸鍚︽帴鍙楀畨瀹佺枟鎶ゃ€備絾鍙椾紶缁熻蹇电殑褰卞搷[15]锛屽灞炲線寰€蹇冨瓨甯屾湜锛岃涓虹柧鐥呭彲浠ユ不鎰堣€岄€夋嫨缁х画娌荤枟銆?/span>

銆€銆€5銆?鎬濊€冧笌寤鸿

銆€銆€5.1銆?瀹屽杽鍖荤枟淇濋殰浣撶郴锛屾彁渚涚浉搴旂殑璧勯噾鏀寔

銆€銆€鍦ㄤ繚鎸佸綋鍓嶅尰鐤椾繚闄╁彂灞曠殑鍩虹涓婏紝寤鸿灏嗗畨瀹佺枟鎶ょ撼鍏ュ尰鐤椾繚闄╄寖鐣达紝鏄庣‘瑙勫畾瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勫叿浣撻」鐩€佹湇鍔℃爣鍑嗗強鏀惰垂鏍囧噯锛屼粠鏍规湰涓婅В鍐充复缁堟偅鑰呮媴蹇冪殑璐圭敤闂銆傚浗瀹朵互鍙婄浉鍏崇ぞ浼氫繚闅滀綋绯讳篃鍙互寤虹珛骞舵彁渚涘钩鍙帮紝榧撳姳绀句細鐩稿叧鍗曚綅銆佷紒涓氥€佺ぞ浼氫汉澹嫙鎹愭垨寤虹珛鐩稿叧鍩洪噾浼歔16]锛屼互鑾峰緱绋冲畾鐨勮祫閲戞潵婧愩€?/span>

銆€銆€5.2銆?鎻愰珮涓撲笟璁ょ煡搴︼紝缁勭粐澶氬绉戜汉鍛樺煿璁?/span>

銆€銆€5.2.1銆?鍦ㄩ珮鏍℃帹琛屽畨瀹佺枟鎶ゆ暀鑲?/span>

銆€銆€涓撲笟浜哄憳鐨勭己涔忔槸褰卞搷瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鍙戝睍鐨勯噸瑕佸洜绱犮€傚缓璁湪鍖诲闄㈠紑璁惧畨瀹佺枟鎶ょ殑鐩稿叧璇剧▼锛屾垨璁剧疆瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勭浉鍏充笓涓氫笌鐮旂┒鏂瑰悜锛岃瀛︾敓鍦ㄥ涔犱笓涓氱煡璇嗙殑鍚屾椂锛屽姞寮哄瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勮鐭?鏀垮簻浠ュ強鍗敓涓荤閮ㄩ棬杩樿瑙勮寖鐩稿叧鑰冩牳鐨勬爣鍑嗗拰鍐呭锛屽皾璇曠粰浜堣祫鏍艰璇併€?/span>

銆€銆€5.2.2 銆佹嫑鍕熺ぞ浼氬織鎰胯€呭苟杩涜瑙勮寖鍖栧煿璁?/span>

銆€銆€蹇楁効鑰呮槸瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鍥㈤槦鐨勪富瑕佺粍鎴愰儴鍒嗭紝鍦ㄦ櫄鏈熺檶鐥囨偅鑰呯殑闄㈠唴娌荤枟浠ュ強灞呭瀹夊畞鐤楁姢涓紝蹇楁効鑰呰兘缁欎簣鎮h€呭湪鐢熺悊銆佸績鐞嗐€佺簿绁炵瓑鏂归潰鐨勫叏闈㈢収鎶ゃ€傛嫑鍕熺ぞ浼氬織鎰胯€呰兘澧炲姞鍥㈤槦鐨勪汉鍛樺姏閲忋€傜洰鍓嶏紝蹇楁効鑰呭弬涓庣殑瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鏂瑰紡骞朵笉澶氾紝瀵逛簬蹇楁効鑰呯殑鍩硅鍐呭浠ュ強鏍囧噯锛屽缓璁互鍏跺伐浣滃唴瀹逛负涓伙紝娉ㄩ噸鍩硅瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勬湇鍔″畻鏃ㄣ€佺ぞ浼氬織鎰胯€呯殑鏈嶅姟鍐呭浠ュ強鎮h€呯殑蹇冪悊鏁欒偛[17]銆?/span>

銆€銆€5.2.3銆?鎻愰珮鍦ㄨ亴鎶ゅ+瀵瑰畨瀹佺枟鎶ょ殑璁ょ煡搴?/span>

銆€銆€鍦ㄨ亴鎶ゅ+瀵瑰畨瀹佺枟鎶ょ殑璁ょ煡搴︽槸鍐冲畾瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鑳藉惁杩呴€熷彂灞曠殑鍏抽敭鍥犵礌銆傚彲閫氳繃鏁欒偛璁插爞绛夋柟寮忓紑灞曞煿璁紝鍦ㄥ煿鍏讳綆骞磋祫鎶ゅ+宸ヤ綔鑳藉姏鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鍔犲己瀵瑰畨瀹佺枟鎶ょ殑鏁欒偛鍜屽煿璁紝甯姪鍏跺缓绔嬫纭殑鐢熸瑙傦紝鎻愰珮鎶ゅ+瀵瑰畨瀹佺枟鎶ゆ暀鑲茬殑绉瀬鎬э紝灏嗘姢鐞嗚涓氱殑浼樺娍鍦ㄥ畨瀹佺枟鎶や腑鏈€澶у寲鍙戞尌[18]銆?/span>

銆€銆€5.3銆?鍋ュ叏瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐩稿叧鐨勬硶寰嬫硶瑙?/span>

銆€銆€鐩墠锛屾垜鍥藉凡缁忓彂甯冧簡涓庡畨瀹佺枟鎶ょ浉鍏崇殑璇曡鏂囦欢锛屼絾鍦ㄦ硶寰嬫硶瑙勪笂杩樺瓨鍦ㄤ笉瓒炽€傚浗瀹朵互鍙婄浉鍏冲崼鐢熺洃绠¢儴闂ㄥ簲鏍规嵁鎴戝浗瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勫彂灞曠幇鐘讹紝鍒跺畾鐩稿簲鐨勬硶寰嬫硶瑙勶紝璁╁畨瀹佺枟鎶ょ殑鍙戝睍鏈夋硶鍙緷銆?/span>

銆€銆€5.4銆?鍔犲己瀹d紶锛屾彁楂樼ぞ浼氳鐭ュ害涓庢帴鍙楀害

銆€銆€绀句細缇や紬鐨勬敮鎸佷互鍙婂瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勮鐭ユ槸鍙戝睍瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勫墠鎻愩€傞瓘缇庣弽绛夌爺绌跺彂鐜癧19]锛屾偅鑰呭瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勬€佸害涓庡叾瀵瑰畨瀹佺枟鎶ょ殑璁ょ煡搴︽垚姝g浉鍏炽€傚綋鍓嶇ぞ浼氱綉缁滃彂杈撅紝鍙互閫氳繃缃戠粶璁╁箍澶х兢浼楃悊瑙e苟鎺ュ彈瀹夊畞鐤楁姢銆傚湪绀惧尯鍐呭彲寮€灞曠敓鍛界瀛︽暀鑲茬殑涓撻璁插骇绛夛紝杩樺彲鍦ㄤ箟鍔℃暀鑲蹭腑澧炲姞姝讳骸鏁欒偛锛屽鏂归潰銆佸娓犻亾鏅強姝讳骸鏁欒偛銆傚浜庢櫄鏈熶复缁堟偅鑰咃紝鍙繘琛岄棶鍗疯皟鏌ワ紝鏄庣‘鍏跺寰呯敓鍛界殑鍩烘湰鎰忔効浠ュ強闇€姹傦紝寮€灞曢拡瀵规€х殑鏈嶅姟[20]銆?/span>

銆€銆€鍙戝睍瀹夊畞鐤楁姢闇€瑕佸浗瀹舵斂绛栫殑鏀寔銆佹皯浼楃殑淇′换浠ュ強澶氬绉戜笓涓氫汉鍛樼殑鍏卞悓鍔姏锛屼粖鍚庢垜浠繕闇€涓嶆柇鍒涙柊锛岄噰鍙栦笉鍚岀殑鍙戝睍鏂瑰紡锛屽缓绔嬭捣閫傚悎鎴戝浗瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鍙戝睍鐨勬ā寮忎笌浣撶郴銆?/span>

銆€銆€鍙傝€冩枃鐚細纭曞崥璁烘枃缃?/a>鏄竴瀹朵笓涓氭彁渚涜鏂囧畾鍒朵慨鏀规湇鍔$殑缃戠珯锛屼笂10骞寸殑璁烘枃缁忛獙锛屾棤璁烘槸鏈璁烘枃銆佺澹鏂囪繕鏄湡鍒婅鏂囷紝鍗氬+璁烘枃锛屾垜浠兘鑳戒负鎮ㄦ彁渚涙柟渚裤€佸揩鎹枫€佸畨鍏ㄧ殑璁烘枃鏈嶅姟銆?/strong>

銆€銆€[1]闄嗗畤鏅?鎴戝浗瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勭幇鐘跺強鍙戝睍鏂瑰悜[J].涓崕鎶ょ悊鏉傚織,2017,52(6):659-664.
銆€銆€[2]寮犳枌.瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐨勬蹇点€佸璞′笌瑕佹眰———鍙版咕鐨勫畨瀹佺枟鎶や粙缁嶄箣涓€[J].鍖诲涓庡摬瀛?2004(11):79-80.
銆€銆€[3]鍒樼户鍚?琚佹晱.涓浗澶ч檰涓寸粓鍏虫€€鏈嶅姟浣撶郴鐨勫巻鍙层€佺幇鐘躲€侀棶棰樹笌鍓嶇灮[J].绀句細宸ヤ綔,2016(2):34-49.
銆€銆€[4]浣曡強,鏉ㄦ.涓寸粓鎮h€呯殑蹇冪悊杩囩▼鍙婁复缁堟姢鐞哰J].涓栫晫鏈€鏂板尰瀛︿俊鎭枃鎽?2016,16(76):342-346.
銆€銆€[5]瀹嬫娆?涓寸粓鍏虫€€鐨勭ぞ浼氬伐浣滀粙鍏ュ強鍙嶆€漑D].姝︽眽:鍗庝腑鍐滀笟澶у,2012.
銆€銆€[6]璧电強鐝?椤惧悏,闄嗚悕,绛?鍩轰簬瀹跺涵鍖荤敓鍒舵湇鍔″紑灞曠ぞ鍖哄眳瀹惰垝缂撶枟鎶ょ殑鏁堟灉鐮旂┒[J].鎶ゅ+杩涗慨鏉傚織,2017,32(16):1523-1527.
銆€銆€[7]鐜嬬膊闇?璐句細鑻?鍚寸弬,绛?澶氬绉戝崗浣滄ā寮忓湪瀹夊畞鐤楁姢涓殑搴旂敤鐮旂┒杩涘睍[J].涓崕鎶ょ悊鏉傚織,2018,53(7):866-872.
銆€銆€[8]寮犵拠.鎴戝浗鍖讳繚鍙戝睍鐨勭幇鐘跺強鏈潵灞曟湜[J].绾崇◣,2017(27):101-102.
銆€銆€[9]鍒橀箯,浣欑幉,鏉庡钩,绛?璁轰复搴婂尰鐢熷湪鑲跨槫鎮h€呭畨瀹佺枟鎶や腑瀛樺湪鐨勯棶棰樺強鍏跺畾浣峓J].鍖诲涓庡摬瀛?B),2018,39(2):85-89.
銆€銆€[10]鍚翠笘鑿?榫氬浗姊?鍥藉唴鎶ょ悊浜哄憳瀹夊畞鐤楁姢鐭ヤ俊琛岀殑鐮旂┒鐜扮姸[J].鎶ょ悊鐮旂┒,2018,32(21):3372-3374.
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杩斿洖椤堕儴