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鏁板瓧鍦ㄨ嫳璇彛璇炕璇戜腑鐨勮鐐规帰绌?/h1>

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銆€銆€鍏抽敭璇嶏細銆€璇戝墠鍑嗗; 鏁板瓧缈昏瘧; 妯$硦绛栫暐; 鏁板瓧鍊嶆暟涓庡垎鏁?

銆€銆€Abstract锛氥€€With the acceleration of the globalization process of the world, the rapid and vigorous development of China's economy,and the gradual increase in foreign trade, foreign-related business activities have gradually penetrated into all levels and fields of society. In foreign-related business activities, the accuracy of numeral interpretation determines the success of a negotiation to a certain extent. This paper mainly discusses the preparation for English interpretation and the methods and techniques of numeral interpretation, introduces the translation methods of multiples,integers and fractions and the use of fuzzy strategy, and summarizes the techniques and methods of numeral interpretation in English translation.

銆€銆€Keyword锛氥€€preparation for interpretation; numeral translation; fuzzy strategy; multiples and fractions;

銆€銆€1 銆佸紩瑷€

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銆€銆€2 銆佽瘧鍓嶅噯澶?/span>

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銆€銆€2.1銆?绐佸嚮鎬у噯澶?/span>

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銆€銆€2.2 銆佽鍓嶅噯澶?/span>

銆€銆€琛屽墠鍑嗗锛屾槸涓轰繚璇佸彛璇戜换鍔″渾婊″畬鎴愯€屽仛鐨勮緟鍔╂€у噯澶囥€傞鍏堬紝鏈嶈鍑嗗銆傚嚒姝e紡鍟嗗姟娲借皥锛岃瘧鍛樺簲鐫€姝e紡鐨勮タ瑁呮垨鑱屼笟瑁咃紝浠ユ矇绋充綆璋冧负涓?閬垮厤鍠у澶轰富銆傜浜岋紝鍙h瘧鐢ㄥ叿銆佽祫鏂欏噯澶囥€傚彛璇戝憳搴斿噯澶囧ソ鎸夊帇寮忛粦绗旓紝绔栫炕寮忕嚎鍦堢瑪璁版湰锛屽ぇ灏忚閫傚悎鎵嬫帉锛屼究浜庨绻佺炕椤垫椂鑳藉揩閫熶笉鍗$焊銆傚叾娆★紝鍑嗗濂戒笓涓氳瘝姹囪〃銆佷富鍔炴柟缁欎簣鐨勬潗鏂欍€佸彂瑷€绋垮強璇戠绛夛紝鎮夋暟瑁呭叆鏂囦欢鍖呫€傚涓诲姙鏂瑰厑璁革紝鍙彁鍓嶈繘鍏ヤ細鍦虹啛鎮夊彛璇戠幇鍦猴紝浣跨敤璇濈瓛銆佹帶鍒跺彴銆佺洃瑙嗗櫒绛夎澶囷紝闃叉鍥犳搷浣滀笉褰撻€犳垚婧愯淇℃伅涓嶈兘鏈夋晥鎺ユ敹鍜岃瘧璇噯鏃惰緭鍑猴紝浠庤€岃€借鍙h瘧杩涚▼銆?/span>

銆€銆€2.3銆?璇戝墠蹇冪悊鍑嗗

銆€銆€鍦ㄩ珮灞傞瀵肩殑鎷涘晢瀵硅瘽銆佸鍥芥斂瑕佽璋堛€佺粡娴庡瀹剁殑鍒嗘瀽鍙戣█閲岄潰閮藉厖鏂ョ潃鍚勭绫诲瀷鐨勬暟瀛楋紝閫昏緫缁撴瀯澶嶆潅瀵艰嚧缈昏瘧闅惧害澧炲ぇ锛岀粡楠屼笉瓒崇殑璇戝憳寰堝鏄撳績鐞嗗帇鍔涘澶э紝閫犳垚闂存柇鐨勯绻佸彂鐢燂紝褰卞搷姘村钩鐨勬甯稿彂鎸4]銆傛墍浠ワ紝鍙h瘧鍛樹竴瀹氳灏嗗績娴佹帶鍒跺埌“蹇冩棤鏃侀獩”鐨勫鐣岋紝鎵嶈兘灏嗘按骞冲彂鎸ュ埌鏈€浣崇姸鎬侊紝鍦嗘弧瀹屾垚鍙h瘧浠诲姟銆傚畬鎴愯瘧鍓嶅噯澶囧悗锛屽浣曡В鍐充复鍦烘暟瀛楀彛璇戣繖涓€闅鹃锛屽叧閿氨鍦ㄤ簬瀹炶返骞舵帉鎻′竴浜涙湁鐢ㄧ殑鏁板瓧鍙h瘧鎶€宸э紝涓嬮潰鏄瑪鑰呮€荤粨鐨勫嚑绉嶆湁鐢ㄧ殑鏁板瓧鍙h瘧鎶€宸э紝鍙府鍔╄瘧鍛樺湪鏁板瓧缈昏瘧鏃惰繍鐢ㄣ€?/span>

銆€銆€3 銆佹暟瀛楀彛璇戜腑甯歌鐨勫€嶆暟璇戞硶

銆€銆€鍦ㄤ腑鏂囬噷锛屾垜浠父璇?ldquo;A鏄疊鐨刋鍊?rdquo;锛岃€岃嫳璇腑鍒欒〃杈句负“A is X times as…as B”銆?/span>

銆€銆€渚嬪“鐜夌背鐨勪骇閲忔槸澶ц眴鐨勪袱鍊?rdquo;銆傚彲缈昏瘧涓?ldquo;The output of corn is twice as much as that of soybean.”鐒惰€岋紝姹夎涓?ldquo;A姣擝澶鍊?rdquo;杩欎釜鍙ュ瓙灏变笉鑳界炕璇戜负“A is X times as large as B”銆傝€屾纭殑缈昏瘧鏂规硶搴旇鏄?ldquo;A is(X+1)times as large as B”銆?/span>

銆€銆€渚嬪锛?ldquo;浠婂勾鐨勮繘鍙i噺姣斿幓骞村涓ゅ€?rdquo;銆傝瘧涓猴細“The import of this year is three times as much as what was last year.”杩欏氨鎰忓懗鐫€“浠婂勾鐨勮繘鍙i噺鏄幓骞寸殑涓夊€?rdquo;銆?/span>

銆€銆€鑻辫涓叧浜庡€嶆暟鐨勮〃杈惧彲浠ョ畝鍗曞綊绾冲涓嬶細

銆€銆€渚嬪锛歂 times(N涓轰换浣曟暟瀛楋級

銆€銆€(1)N times+noun

銆€銆€The locker is four times the width of that locker.

銆€銆€(2)N times+adjective(adverbial)word+more or less+than

銆€銆€This wardrobe is five times bigger than that one.

銆€銆€(3)N times+what

銆€銆€The trouble is now two times what it was five years ago.

銆€銆€(4锛夌敤-fold鏉ヨ〃杈惧€嶆暟

銆€銆€From 1998 to 2018,Yangtze River shipping increased more than five-fold.

銆€銆€(5)Verb+multiples(fraction)

銆€銆€Next year,we will produce 30%more cars than we did last year.

銆€銆€4 銆佹暣鏁扮殑璇戞硶

銆€銆€姹夎閲屾暟瀛楃殑琛ㄨ揪鏄互“鍗?rdquo;鐨勫€嶆暟鏉ヨ〃绀虹殑锛岃€屽湪鑻辫鐨勬暟瀛椾腑锛屾壘涓嶅埌涓庡叾瀵瑰簲鐨?ldquo;涓?rdquo;“鍗佷竾”“鍗冧竾”绛夌洿鎺ョ殑鍗曚綅锛屾墍浠ュ搴旂殑鑻辫灏卞緱杩涜杞崲[5]銆傚洜姝わ紝鍦ㄥ仛鏁板瓧鍙h瘧鏃讹紝瑕佸皢鏁板瓧闂寸殑杞崲鍏崇郴鐗㈣浜庡績銆?/span>

銆€銆€渚嬪锛氫竾ten thousand锛涘崄涓噊ne hundred thousand锛涘崈涓噒en million锛涗嚎one hundred million锛涚櫨浜縯en billion锛涘崈浜縪ne hundred billion锛涗竾浜縯rillion銆?/span>

銆€銆€鍦ㄨ杈冮暱鐨勬暟瀛楁椂锛屽彲浠ユ妸鏁板瓧杩涜涓変綅鏍囨敞锛岀劧鍚庢寜浠ヤ笅鑻辨枃鍗曚綅璇诲嚭锛?/span>

銆€銆€8,346,425,363,451

銆€銆€Trillion,billion,million,thousand

銆€銆€濡傛灉瑕佸皢鍏惰鎴愭眽璇紝鍒欏厛瀵规暟瀛楄繘琛屽洓浣嶆暟鏍囨敞銆?/span>

銆€銆€8’3464’2536’3451

銆€銆€涓囦嚎’浜?rsquo;涓?/span>

銆€銆€鍋氳嫳姹夋暟瀛椾簰璇戞椂锛岄毦搴﹁緝楂橈紝鐢变簬鑻辫鍜屾眽璇殑琛ㄨ揪鏂瑰紡鏄埅鐒朵笉鍚岀殑锛屼絾鍙鎺屾彙涓€瀹氱殑鎶€宸э紝浠庢槗鍒伴毦锛屽嫟鍔犵粌涔狅紝璇戝憳灏变竴瀹氳兘鐔熺粌鎺屾彙銆?/span>

銆€銆€5銆?鍒嗘暟鐨勮瘧娉?/span>

銆€銆€鍩烘湰鐨勫垎鏁拌〃杈惧锛?/4 one fourth;2/7 two seventh绛夈€傚鏋滃湪缈昏瘧涓嚭鐜板“five times less than”鐨勮〃杈剧殑鏃跺€欙紝鍙互鑰冭檻灏嗗叾璇戞垚鍒嗘暟鐨勮〃杩版柟娉曘€?/span>

銆€銆€鍦ㄨ繖閲岀畝鍗曞綊绾宠〃杈惧叕寮忥細

銆€銆€(N-1)/N N涓鸿嫳鏂囦腑鍑虹幇鐨勫€嶆暟

銆€銆€A is three times less than BA姣擝灏?/3

銆€銆€A is N times less than B(N-1)/N A姣擝灏忥紙N-1锛?N

銆€銆€The import income of this month is three times less than that of last month.

銆€銆€璇戜负锛氭湰鏈堣繘鍙f敹鍏ユ瘮涓婃湀灏戜簡2/3锛堟湰鏈堢殑杩涘彛鏀跺叆鏄笂鏈堢殑1/3)

銆€銆€6 銆佸彛璇戜腑妯$硦琛ㄨ揪绛栫暐

銆€銆€鍙h瘧涓粡甯稿嚭鐜颁竴浜涜〃绀鸿秼鍔跨殑璇嶆眹锛屾墍浠ラ渶瑕佷娇鐢ㄥ埌妯$硦琛ㄨ揪銆?/span>

銆€銆€(1锛夎〃绀哄鍔犮€佷笂鍗囩殑璇嶆眹

銆€銆€Grow銆乮ncrease銆乯ump銆乺ocket銆乻hoot up銆乻piral銆乬rain.

銆€銆€鍏朵腑spiral琛ㄧず鎬ュ墽澧炲姞锛屼絾閫氬父鐢ㄦ潵琛ㄧず璐熼潰鐨勬剰鎬濄€?/span>

銆€銆€渚嬪锛氳繖涓紒涓氱殑鐩堝埄蹇€熶笅闄嶃€?/span>

銆€銆€Profits of this company continue to spiral downwards.

銆€銆€(2锛夎〃绀轰笅闄嶃€佸噺灏戠殑璇嶆眹銆?/span>

銆€銆€Decrease銆乫all銆乨ecline銆乨rop銆乻ink銆乧ut down.

銆€銆€(3锛夋ā绯婄殑绛栫暐

銆€銆€渚嬪锛氬叕鍙稿勾鏀跺叆12.75浜垮厓浜烘皯甯侊紝鍙互妯$硦鍦拌〃杈炬垚12浜垮厓锛屼絾杩愮敤妯$硦绛栫暐鏃惰淇濇寔婧愯鐨勬剰鎬濓紝涓嶈兘鎵洸鍘熸剰鎴栬澶у鏁颁汉涓嶈兘鎺ュ彈銆?/span>

銆€銆€鏈枃鎺㈣浜嗚瘧鍓嶅厖鍒嗙殑鍑嗗銆佸€嶆暟銆佹暣鏁般€佸垎鏁般€佹ā绯婄瓥鐣ヤ互鍙婃暟瀛楄褰曚腑鑻辨枃鐨勫彛璇戠瓥鐣ュ拰鎶€宸с€傚彧瑕佹垜浠厖鍒嗗仛濂借瘧鍓嶅噯澶囷紝骞剁啛缁冩帉鎻′簡浠ヤ笂鏁板瓧缈昏瘧鎶€宸э紝瀵逛簬涓婅堪鏁板瓧鍙h瘧涓嚭鐜扮殑闂锛屾垜浠氨鑳借繋鍒冭€岃В銆傛€讳箣锛岃瘧鍛樿兘椤哄埄鐔熺粌鍦扮炕璇戞暟瀛楋紝鏈€濂界殑鍔炴硶灏辨槸缁忚繃闀挎湡鍧氭寔涓嶆柇鐨勫疄璺靛拰缁冧範锛屽彧鏈夎繖鏍锋墠鑳藉湪鐪熸鐨勬暟瀛楀彛璇戞椂閬垮厤鍑洪敊銆?/span>

銆€銆€鍙傝€冩枃鐚?/span>

銆€銆€[1] 榛勫缓鍑?鏁板瓧鍙h瘧鎺㈢┒[J].涓浗绉戞妧缈昏瘧,2006(1).
銆€銆€[2] 鐗涘寲鏃?鏁板瓧鍙h瘧鎶€宸ф暀瀛︾瓥鐣ユ帰鏋怺J].澶師鍩庡競鑱屼笟鎶€鏈闄㈠鎶?2010(9).
銆€銆€[3] 鐜嬫绾?璋堝晢鍔¤嫳璇腑鏁板瓧鐨勭炕璇慬J].缈昏瘧浜ゆ祦,2007(12).
銆€銆€[4] 姊呭痉鏄?鑻辫楂樼骇鍙h瘧璧勬牸璇佷功鑰冭瘯楂樼骇鍙h瘧鏁欑▼[M].涓婃捣澶栬鏁欒偛鍑虹増绀?2000.
銆€銆€[5] 鑻楃嚂.鏁板瓧鍙h瘧璁粌鏂规硶鎺㈢┒[J].绉戞暀鏂囨眹,2010(3).

纭曞崥璁烘枃缃?/a>鏄竴瀹朵笓涓氭彁渚涜鏂囧畾鍒朵慨鏀规湇鍔$殑缃戠珯锛屼笂10骞寸殑璁烘枃缁忛獙锛屾棤璁烘槸鏈璁烘枃銆佺澹鏂囪繕鏄湡鍒婅鏂囷紝鍗氬+璁烘枃锛屾垜浠兘鑳戒负鎮ㄦ彁渚涙柟渚裤€佸揩鎹枫€佸畨鍏ㄧ殑璁烘枃鏈嶅姟銆?/strong>

 

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纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃? 娆㈣繋鎮ㄧ殑鍜ㄨ锛佹垜浠皢涓烘偍鎻愪緵鏈€浼樿川銆侀珮鏁堢殑鏈嶅姟锛?br /> 涓撲笟鏈嶅姟锛屼紭璐ㄥ洟闃燂紝璇氫俊楂樻晥锛屽€煎緱淇¤禆锛?br /> 婀業CP澶?9012525鍙?/a>

杩斿洖椤堕儴