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銆€銆€鍏抽敭璇嶏細  鍏叡鏈嶅姟;鍧囩瓑鍖?铓屽煚甯傘€?br /> 銆€銆€
銆€銆€Abstract
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銆€銆€Since the reform and opening up, China's economic development has made remarkable achievements. Its gross domestic product has risen from 0.36 trillion yuan in 1978 to 90.03 trillion yuan in 2018, and the people's living standards have also improved significantly with the economic development. However, the rapid economic development has also led to some increasingly prominent social deep-seated contradictions, among which the contradiction between the people's demand for basic public services and the current level of basic public services is not high and unequal urgently needs to be solved. In view of this situation, the Party and the government attach great importance to and take continuous measures to enhance the equalization of basic public services. In the report of the Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Party, it points out: "Promoting institutional innovation in the social field, promoting the equalization of basic public services, and accelerating the formation of a scientific and effective social governance system." The report of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China also pointed out that the public service system should be improved, the basic life of the masses should be guaranteed, and the people's growing needs for a better life should be constantly met.
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銆€銆€Promoting the equalization of basic public services is of great significance for promoting social equity and justice, enhancing people's well-being, enhancing the sense of all the people in the process of joint construction and development, and realizing the Chinese dream of great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Therefore,how to provide high-level and equalized basic public services for the broad masses ofthe people has become one of the important topics of our government. The research on Equalization of public services has also been carried out extensively in domestic academic circles and achieved fruitful results, but there is still a big gap to achieve the equalization of basic public services.
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銆€銆€In recent years, Bengbu has witnessed rapid economic and social development,and has made remarkable achievements in various undertakings. In 2017, Bengbu won the title of "the Fifth National Civilized City", and the supply level of basic public services has also improved to a certain extent. However, there are still many problems in the equalization of basic public services. The main reasons are that thedual system of urban and rural areas in Bengbu has not been completely eliminated, the income gap between urban and rural residents has widened, the perfect public finance system has not been established, and the lack of specific implementation standards in the process of promoting the equalization of basic public services. This paper hopes to study the equalization of basic public services in Bengbu, and providesuggestions for the realization of the equalization of basic public services in Bengbu.
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銆€銆€Firstly, this paper defines the basic connotation of the equalization of basic public services in China on the basis of domestic and foreign research on basic public services, starting from the characteristics of the current stage of China's economic and social development and the needs of people's lives.
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銆€銆€Then, this paper takes Bengbu City as the starting point, mainly using the methods of literature research and case study, through studying the basic public service status of Bengbu City in basic education services, public health, basic social security and other aspects, to analyze the problems and causes of the equalization of basic public services in Bengbu City. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, Bengbuwill improve its basic public service system, improve its service items and standards,strengthen the guarantee of public resources investment, continuously improve its co-construction capacity and sharing level, and speed up the construction of healthy Bengbu, cultural Bengbu and peaceful Bengbu in accordance with the basic requirements of inclusiveness, basic protection, equalization and sustainabledevelopment. Harmonious Bengbu and Humanistic Bengbu should strive to enhance the sense of access, fairness, security and well-being of the masses, so as to achieve a well-off society in an all-round way for the people of Bengbu. At present, the basic education services in Bengbu mainly have three problems: unbalanced distribution of schools, unbalanced conditions of running schools and unbalanced teachers. Thepublic health services in Bengbu mainly have three problems: unequal allocation of medical and health resources, unequal allocation of medical and health technicians and unequal utilization of medical and health services. There are three main problems in Bengbu's basic social security: the uneven number of insured people, the uneven income and expenditure of social security, and the uneven social relief. The main reasons for these problems in basic education services, public health services and basic social security in Bengbu City are as follows: first, the public finance system is not perfect enough; second, the public service system is defective; third, the supply mode of public service is single.
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銆€銆€Finally, on the basis of earnestly studying the advanced measures and successful experiences of some domestic cities and foreign countries in promoting social public services, this paper puts forward some countermeasures to promote the equalization of basic public services in Bengbu. In view of the problems existing in the equalization of basic public services in Bengbu City, the main countermeasures proposed in this paper include: first, to build a scientific public finance system; second, to improve the relevant public service system; third, to rationally innovate the supply mode of public services.
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銆€銆€This paper analyses the problems Bengbu faces fundamentally, draws lessons from the strengths and weaknesses, draws lessons from the experience and quintessence according to the current development of other countries and cities, and puts forward valuable suggestions from the practical sense, aiming at promoting the construction of basic public services in Bengbu and striving to promote the equalization of basic public services in Bengbu.
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銆€銆€Keywords锛?nbsp; public services;equalization;Bengbu.
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銆€銆€绗?1 绔?缁.
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銆€銆€1.1 鐮旂┒鑳屾櫙鍜屾剰涔?
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銆€銆€1.1.1 鐮旂┒鑳屾櫙.
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