鎮ㄥソ锛屾杩庢偍鏉ュ埌纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃戯紒
璁烘枃鎻愮翰 | 寮€棰樻姤鍛?/a> | 璁烘枃鎽樿 | 鍙傝€冩枃鐚?/a> | 璁烘枃鑷磋阿 | 璁烘枃淇敼 | 璁烘枃閫夐 | 鐮旂┒鐢熻鏂?/a> | 宸ョ▼纭曞+ | 璁烘枃鍙戣〃 | 鏂囩尞缁艰堪 | 璁烘枃鏍煎紡
璁烘枃PPT妯℃澘 | 娉曞璁烘枃 | 甯傚満钀ラ攢 | 璇█瀛﹁鏂?/a> | 宸ョ▼绠$悊 | 绠$悊璁烘枃 | 閲戣瀺璁烘枃 | 鎶ょ悊璁烘枃 | 鑻辫璁烘枃 | 鍐滀笟璁烘枃 | 鏀挎不璁烘枃
>> 浼婁附鑾庣櫧路涔斿埄鏂囧鎬濇兂鐮旂┒鐨勬剰涔?/a>
>> 娴呰皥姘斿€欏彉鍖栧姘存枃姘磋祫婧愮殑褰卞搷涓?/a>
>> 娴呰皥鐢熸€佺悊蹇靛湪寤虹瓚瀹ゅ唴鐜璁捐涓?/a>
>> 鍐滄潙瀹呭熀鍦颁娇鐢ㄦ潈鑷敱娴佽浆鐨勬硶寰嬫敮
>> CT妫€鏌ヤ腑闈炴鏌ヤ汉浣撻儴浣嶅疄鏂芥斁灏勯槻
>> 娴呰皥寤虹瓚鏂藉伐浼佷笟绔炰簤鎴樼暐鍒嗘瀽
>> 鑻辨眽鍙嶈韩浠h瘝鐨勮娉曟€ц川鍙婂叾瀵规瘮
>> 娴呰皥鑹剧伕鍔ㄧ墿瀹為獙涓紩鍙戠殑鎬濈储
>> 娴呰皥鎺ㄥ姩鐜颁唬浼佷笟缁忔祹绠$悊鍒涙柊鐨勫熀
>> 鐮旂┒浜戣绠楁椂浠h绠楁満缃戠粶瀹夊叏闂
>> 琛℃按甯傛煇楂樹腑鑹烘湳鐢熺鐞嗛棶棰樻帰鏋?/a>
>> 鎺㈢┒浼佷笟璐㈠姟鎶ヨ〃鍒嗘瀽瀛樺湪鐨勯棶棰樹笌
>> 娴呰皥涓婂競鍏徃璐㈠姟鎶ュ憡鍒嗘瀽鐜扮姸涓庡姞
>> 娴呰皥闇€姹傚眰娆$悊璁轰笅鏂拌€佸憳宸ユ湁鏁堟縺
>> 娴呰皥浜嬩笟鍗曚綅宸ュ晢绠$悊闂涓庤川閲忔彁
>> 楂樺眰寤虹瓚缁撴瀯璁捐鏃跺瓨鍦ㄧ殑闂鍙婂
>> 娴呰皥浜哄彛鑰侀緞鍖栧鍘垮煙缁忔祹褰卞搷
>> 瀛︾敓绠$悊宸ヤ綔涓亣鍒颁腑鑱岀敓蹇冪悊闂
>> 鎶楁棩鎴樹簤鏃舵湡鑳¢€傚鏃ョ殑澶栦氦鎬佸害鍙?/a>
>> 娴呰皥涓浗浼犵粺闆曞鑹烘湳鍦ㄩ珮鏍¢洉濉戞暀
>> 绯栧翱鐥呭共鐪肩棁鐨勪腑鍖荤梾鍥犵梾鏈哄強涓村簥
>> 绋庢敹浼樺厛鏉冧笌鎷呬繚鐗╂潈鐨勫啿绐佷笌璋冮€?/a>
>> 鎺㈡瀽鎴戝浗楂樻按骞虫﹦姒勭悆杩愬姩鍛樼殑姣旇禌
>> 鎺㈢┒澶氬厓鍖栨爣鍑嗚鍩熶笅鐨勫浗闄呭晢鍔¤嫳
>> 澶у鐢熶紶缁熺ぜ浠枃鍖栬鐨勫唴瀹逛笌鍩硅偛
 
>> 鎮ㄧ殑浣嶇疆锛?a href='http://flywand.com/'>涓婚〉 > 鍦ㄨ亴纭曞+ >  

灞辫タ鐪佸ぇ瀛︿綋鑲叉暀瀛︿腑鍥㈤槦绮剧鐨勫煿鍏?/h1>

銆€
纭?a href="http://flywand.com/">鍗氳鏂囩綉鏄竴瀹朵笓涓氭彁渚涜鏂囧畾鍒朵慨鏀规湇鍔$殑缃戠珯锛屼笂10骞寸殑璁烘枃缁忛獙锛屾棤璁烘槸鏈璁烘枃銆佺澹鏂囪繕鏄湡鍒婅鏂囷紝鍗氬+璁烘枃锛屾垜浠兘鑳戒负鎮ㄦ彁渚涙柟渚裤€佸揩鎹枫€佸畨鍏ㄧ殑璁烘枃鏈嶅姟銆備互涓嬫槸纭曞崥璁烘枃缃戝皬缂栦负鎮ㄧ簿蹇冩寫閫夌殑涓€绡囨暀鑲?a href="http://flywand.com/index.php?upcache=1">璁烘枃鑼冩枃锛屽唴瀹规槸鍏充簬灞辫タ鐪佸ぇ瀛︿綋鑲叉暀瀛︿腑鍥㈤槦绮剧鐨勫煿鍏汇€傛湰鏂囬€氳繃瀵瑰北瑗垮巻鍙层€佺粡娴庝笌鍥㈤槦绮剧鐨勫叧绯昏繘琛屼簡鍒嗘瀽, 瀵瑰ぇ瀛︿綋鑲茶涓洟闃熺簿绁炲煿鍏昏繘琛屼簡鍒嗘瀽鍜岃杩般€傘€備互渚涘悇浣嶅悓瀛﹀弬鑰冿紝甯屾湜瀵瑰ぇ瀹舵湁鎵€甯姪銆?/strong>
銆€鎽樿锛氶€氳繃瀵瑰北瑗垮巻鍙层€佺粡娴庝笌鍥㈤槦绮剧鐨勫叧绯昏繘琛屼簡鍒嗘瀽, 瀵瑰ぇ瀛︿綋鑲茶涓洟闃熺簿绁炲煿鍏昏繘琛屼簡鍒嗘瀽鍜岃杩般€?/span>
灞辫タ鐪佸ぇ瀛︿綋鑲叉暀瀛︿腑鍥㈤槦绮剧鐨勫煿鍏? src=
 
銆€銆€鍏抽敭璇嶏細灞辫タ鐪? 鍥㈤槦绮剧; 澶у浣撹偛璇?
 
銆€銆€Importance Analysis of Team Spirit Cultivation in College PE Class in Shanxi Colleges
 
銆€銆€Feng Wei
 
銆€銆€PE Department of Shanxi Institute of Technology
 
銆€銆€Abstract锛歍hrough analysis on the relationship among the history, economy and team spirit of Shanxi Province, this paper analyzes and discusses the team spirit cultivation in college PE class.
 
銆€銆€1 鍓嶈█
 
銆€銆€鍥㈤槦绮剧鏄ぇ灞€鎰忚瘑銆佸崗浣滅簿绁炲拰鏈嶅姟绮剧鐨勯泦涓綋鐜? 鏍稿績鏄崗鍚屽悎浣? 鍙嶆槧鐨勬槸涓綋鍒╃泭鍜屾暣浣撳埄鐩婄殑缁熶竴, 骞惰繘鑰屼繚璇佺粍缁囩殑楂樻晥鐜囪繍杞€傚洟闃熺簿绁炵殑閲嶈鎬ч殢澶勫彲瑙? 鍦ㄤ綋鑲叉瘮璧涗腑甯稿父鍙互鐪嬪埌銆?954骞翠笘鐣屾澂, 寰峰浗闃熷湪灏忕粍璧涘ぇ姣斿垎杈撶粰鍏鐨勫ず鍐犲ぇ鐑棬鍖堢墮鍒╃殑鎯呭喌涓? 鍦ㄥ喅璧涗腑0:2钀藉悗鐨勬儏鍐典笅, 椤藉己鎷兼悘, 缁堜簬3:2鎴樿儨浜嗗鎵? 濂囪抗鑸幏寰椾簡涓栫晫鏉啝鍐? 鎴愬氨浜嗚憲鍚嶇殑“浼皵灏煎杩?rdquo;銆?016骞撮噷绾﹀ゥ杩愪細, 涓浗濂虫帓鍦ㄤ富鏁欑粌閮庡钩鐨勫甫棰嗕笅, 鍦ㄥ鐣屽苟涓嶇湅濂界殑鎯呭喌涓? 杩炲厠寮烘晫, 鏈€缁堣幏寰椾簡濂ヨ繍閲戠墝銆備粠瀹炲姏涓婅, 濂虫帓鐨勪釜鍒綅缃殑瀹炲姏涓嶆槸寰堢獊鍑? 鍙槸鍦ㄤ富鏁欑粌閮庡钩鐨勫甫棰嗕笅, 鏁翠綋鍥㈤槦鐨勫疄鍔涗笉鍋滃湴鍦ㄥ墠杩? 瓒婃墦瓒婂己銆傚彲瑙? 鍥㈤槦绮剧鍙互浜х敓宸ㄥぇ鐨勫姏閲? 鑾峰緱闈炲父澶х殑鏀剁泭銆備粠涓汉鐨勫彂灞曡搴﹁, 澶у鐢熸瘯涓氬悗閮借浠庝簨鐩稿叧鐨勫伐浣? 閮借鍔犲叆涓€涓洟浣? 鍙兘鏄斂搴滄満鍏炽€佸彲鑳芥槸浜嬩笟鍗曚綅銆佸彲鑳芥槸浼佷笟鍏徃, 閮戒細闈复鍥㈤槦鐨勯€夋嫨銆傝涔堟槸鍔犲叆鍥㈤槦, 瑕佷箞鍒涘缓鍥㈤槦銆傚洜姝? 鍥㈤槦绮剧鐨勫煿鍏诲氨闈炲父鐨勯噸瑕? 瀵逛簬涓汉鐨勬垚闀挎潵璁层€?/span>
 
銆€銆€2 鐮旂┒瀵硅薄鍜岀爺绌舵柟娉?/span>
 
銆€銆€2.1 鐮旂┒瀵硅薄
 
銆€銆€浠ュ北瑗跨渷澶у鐢熶负鐮旂┒瀵硅薄銆?/span>
 
銆€銆€2.2 鐮旂┒鏂规硶
 
銆€銆€2.2.1 鏂囩尞璧勬枡娉?/span>
 
銆€銆€鏌ラ槄鐩稿叧璧勬枡, 浜嗚В鍥㈤槦鍥㈤槦绮剧鏂归潰鐨勮鏂囥€?/span>
 
銆€銆€2.2.2 璁胯皥娉?/span>
 
銆€銆€璁胯皥灞辫タ楂樻牎鐨勪笓瀹? 浜嗚В浣撹偛鏁欏绛夋柟闈㈢殑鎯呭喌銆傝璋堝北瑗块珮鏍$殑瀛︾敓, 浜嗚В鍥㈤槦鎰忚瘑銆佸洟闃熺簿绁炴柟闈㈢殑鎯呭喌銆?/span>
 
銆€銆€3 缁撴灉涓庡垎鏋?/span>
 
銆€銆€3.1 灞辫タ鐪佺己涔忓洟闃熶富涔夌簿绁?/span>
 
銆€銆€3.1.1 灞辫タ鐪佸巻鍙茬己涔忓洟闃熶富涔夌簿绁?/span>
 
銆€銆€灞辫タ, 鍥犲眳澶灞变箣瑗胯€屽緱鍚? 绠€绉?ldquo;鏅?rdquo;, 鍙堢О“涓夋檵”銆傛檵鐨勭敱鏉ユ槸鏅嬪浗 (鍏厓鍓?1涓栫邯-鍏厓鍓?49骞? , 鍛ㄦ湞鍒嗗皝鐨勮渚浗, 渚埖, 濮鏅嬫皬, 棣栦换鍥藉悰鏄?ldquo;鍞愬彅铏?rdquo;銆傚浗鍙峰垵涓?ldquo;鍞?rdquo;, 鍞愬彅铏炰箣瀛愮嚠鍗充綅鍚庢敼涓烘檵銆傛檵鍥藉湪鏅嬬尞鍏椂鏈熷礇璧? 寮€鐤嗘嫇鍦? 閫愭笎寮虹洓銆傝返鍦熶細鐩? 鏅嬫枃鍏О闇? 鍏跺悗浜虹旱妯腑鍘? 涔濆悎璇镐警, 鎴愬氨鐧惧勾闇镐笟銆傛檵骞冲叕浠ュ悗, 鏅嬪浗褰㈡垚寮哄ぇ鐨勮寖銆佷腑琛屻€佹櫤銆侀煩銆佽档銆侀瓘鍏嵖, 鍏嵖涔嬮棿鏂椾簤婵€鐑堛€傛檵瀹氬叕鏃? 鑼冦€佷腑琛屼袱瀹堕鍏堣触浜°€傚叕鍏冨墠453骞? 闊┿€佽档銆侀瓘涓夊鍏辩伃鏅烘皬, 涓夊垎鍏跺湴, 鏅嬪浗瀹為檯涓婂凡琚笁瀹剁摐鍒嗐€傚叕鍏冨墠403骞? 鍛ㄥ▉鐑堢帇鍐屽皝闊┿€佽档銆侀瓘涓夊涓鸿渚? 鍙茬О“涓夊鍒嗘檵”銆傚叕鍏冨墠349骞? 鏈换鏅嬩警鏅嬮潤鍏鏉€, 鏅嬪浗鐏骸銆?/span>
 
銆€銆€浠庡巻鍙叉潵鐪? 涓夊鍒嗘檵鎴愪负浜嗗北瑗跨殑閲嶈鍘嗗彶銆傚浜庢瘡涓北瑗夸汉鏉ヨ, 浠庡涔犲巻鍙查兘浼氱煡閬撹繖涓巻鍙插吀鏁呫€備笁瀹跺垎鏅嬪悗, 榄忓浗鏉庢倽鍙樻硶鍚庡己澶? 鐒跺悗璧靛浗璧垫鐏电帇鑳℃湇楠戝皠鍚庤档鍥藉己澶? 浣嗘槸鏈€缁堢敱浜庡姏閲忕殑鍒嗚, 鏈€缁堣繕鏄鍚庤捣鐨勭Е鍥界粺涓€浜嗐€傚巻鍙茬殑鏁呬簨鏁欒偛鐫€姣忎竴浠g殑灞辫タ浜? 鍙槸涓棿鍑虹幇鐨勯棶棰樺嵈涓嶈兘蹇借, 閭e氨鏄北瑗垮巻鍙蹭笂缂轰箯鍥㈤槦绮剧銆傚北瑗跨殑绠€绉颁负“鏅?rdquo;, 灏变笉鍙伩鍏嶇殑甯︿笂浜嗗巻鍙茬殑鍖呰⒈, 娼滄剰璇嗗氨鏄鍒嗗紑鐙珛, 姣忎釜灞辫タ浜轰粠灏忓氨瑕佹帴鍙楄繖涓巻鍙茬殑闂, 鑰屽浜庤繖涓枃鍖栧垱浼ょ殑寮ヨˉ鍗存病鏈夋剰璇嗗埌, 浠嶇敱鍏剁户缁彂灞曘€傚彲浠ユ兂璞? 涓€鏃︽湁浜哄垱鍔炰簡浼佷笟, 鍙戝睍澹ぇ鍚? 涓夊鍒嗘檵鐨勬綔鎰忚瘑灏变細涓嶇敱鑷富鐨勪镜鍏ヨ繘鏉? 鑰屼笖瑙夊緱浼氱悊鎵€褰撶劧, 鍥犱负鍦ㄤ腑鍥界殑鏄ョ鏃舵湡, 灞辫タ鐨勫巻鍙蹭笂灏卞彂鐢熻繃杩欐牱鐨勪簨鎯呫€傚洜姝? 蹇呴』浠庢枃鍖栦笂寮€濮嬮噸瑙嗗洟闃熸剰璇? 寮ヨˉ鍘嗗彶鐣欎笅鐨勬枃鍖栭棶棰? 璁╁北瑗跨殑澶у鐢熼兘浜嗚В鍜屾帴鍙楄繖涓巻鍙查棶棰? 瑕佹剰璇嗗埌鍥㈤槦涓讳箟鐨勯噸瑕佹€с€傝€屼笖, 鎴戜滑鏈夐姝屾洸, 缁忓父鍦ㄦ椿鍔ㄤ腑婕斿敱, 閭e氨鏄€婂洟缁撳氨鏄姏閲忋€嬨€傚彲鏄? 鍦ㄥ钩鏃? 璁稿浜洪兘浜嗚В鍥㈢粨, 鍙槸濡備綍寮ヨˉ鍘嗗彶鐨勯棶棰? 鍗存病鏈変汉涓诲姩鎰忚瘑鍒拌繖涓棶棰樸€?/span>
 
銆€銆€3.1.2 灞辫タ鐪佺粡娴庡彂灞曢渶瑕佸洟闃熶富涔夌簿绁?/span>
 
銆€銆€浠庤〃1鐨勭粡娴庢暟鎹腑鐪嬪嚭, 2016骞村北瑗跨渷鐨凣DP涓?2928.34浜垮厓, 鍦ㄥ叏鍥?1涓渷甯備腑鎺掑悕绗?4鍚? 2016骞寸殑澧為€熶负4.50%, 澧為€熺殑鎺掑悕涓?0鍚嶃€傚湪鍗庡寳鍦板尯, 灞辫タ涔熸槸鏈€鍚庝竴浣嶃€傝€屼笖, 鎺掑悕25鐨勮吹宸? 绂诲北瑗垮凡缁忎笉杩滀簡, 鑰屼笖GDP澧為€熶负10.5%, 浣嶅垪鍏ㄥ浗绗簩銆傚彲瑙? 鍦ㄧ粡娴庢柟闈? 灞辫タ涓嶄粎鏄湪鍏ㄥ浗钀藉悗, 鑰屼笖澧為€熻惤鍚庛€傚洜姝? 蹇呴』瀵逛簬缁忔祹鏂归潰鍋氬嚭涓€浜涙敼鍙? 鏉ユ敼鍙樼幇鏈夌殑鐘跺喌銆傝€岀粡娴庤惤鍚庢敼闈╃殑璇? 涓嶈兘浠呬粎鏄粡娴庢柟闈㈠崟鐙殑鏀瑰彉, 鑰屾槸涓€涓叏闈㈢殑鏀瑰彉銆傝嚦灏? 鏁欒偛鏂归潰瑕佸仛鍑烘敼鍙? 濡傛灉涓€鐩村浜庣幇鏈夌姸鎬? 閭d箞GDP鐨勬粦钀戒緷鏃т笉鍙伩鍏嶃€傚洜姝? 浣滀负鏁欒偛棰嗗煙涓殑澶у, 瑕佺巼鍏堝仛鍑虹悊蹇电殑鏀瑰彉, 璺熶笂褰㈠娍鐨勫彉鍖? 鏃ф湁鐨勬柟寮忓湪GDP鐨勭悊蹇典笅鑲畾鏈変竴瀹氱殑闂銆備笉浣滃嚭鏀瑰彉鐨勮瘽, 灞辫タ鐨凣DP渚濇棫浼氱户缁粦钀? 鍥犳, 瑕佹妸杩欎釜瑙傚康鐏岃緭鍒板叏鐪? 浣垮叏鐪佺殑浜洪兘瑕佹剰璇嗗埌鐜版湁鐨勭姸鍐点€傚湪鏁欒偛棰嗗煙, 澶у鏄叏鐪佹暀鑲茬殑棰嗚矾鑰? 缁忔祹褰㈠娍涓庡ぇ瀛﹀缓璁惧瘑鍒囩浉鍏炽€傜粡娴庣殑寮哄ぇ绂讳笉寮€鍚勫湴甯傜殑宕涜捣, 鑰屽悇鍦板競鐨勫礇璧风涓嶅紑浼佷笟闆嗙兢鐨勫缓绔? 鑰屼换浣曚竴涓紒涓氱殑寮哄ぇ閮界涓嶅紑浜烘墠鍥㈤槦鐨勫缓绔嬨€傚洜姝? 缁忔祹棰嗗煙鐨勬牳蹇冭繕鏄涓嶅紑鍥㈤槦绮剧銆傚彧鏈夊ソ鐨勫洟闃熸墠鑳藉鍒涘缓濂界殑浼佷笟, 鎴愮兢鐨勪紒涓氳妯$兢鐨勫缓绔嬫墠鑳戒娇GDP涓婁竴涓柊鐨勫彴闃躲€傚洜姝? 瑕佸湪灞辫タ鐨勫ぇ瀛︽敞閲嶅洟闃熺簿绁炵殑鍩瑰吇, 浣垮緱澶у鏁板鐢熸帴鍙楀洟闃熶富涔夌悊蹇电殑鏁欒偛, 鎵嶈兘鍩瑰吇鏇村鐨勪紒涓氬銆?/span>
 
銆€銆€琛? 2016骞寸渷鍖哄競GDP鎺掑悕琛?nbsp;    
 
銆€銆€3.2 灞辫タ澶у鐢熺殑鍩瑰吇涓庡洟闃熺簿绁炵殑鍒嗘瀽
 
銆€銆€3.2.1 灞辫タ鐪佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍩瑰吇鍒嗘瀽
 
銆€銆€浣滀负澶у浣撹偛璇? 瑕佺煡閬撳北瑗跨粡娴庡舰寮忕殑涓嬫粦, 瑕佷綔涓洪褰撳叾鍐茬殑鏀归潻銆傚湪澶у涓? 鍙楀埗浜庝笓涓氱殑闄愬埗, 鍙湁閮ㄥ垎璇剧▼浣滀负鍏叡璇? 鑻辫銆佽绠楁満銆佹€濇斂璇俱€佷綋鑲茶绛夈€傜浉姣旇緝鍏朵粬鍏叡璇? 浣撹偛璇惧彲浠ヤ綔涓哄叏鐪佸ぇ瀛︾敓鐨勪竴涓叡鍚屾暀鑲茬殑骞冲彴銆傚北瑗挎瘯涓氱殑澶у鐢? 澶ч儴鍒嗙殑姣曚笟娴佸悜杩樻槸鏈渷銆備綔涓哄北瑗垮ぇ瀛︾敓, 瑕佺獊鍑轰竴涓?ldquo;鐪佹皯”鐨勬暀鑲? 鎵惧埌涓€涓叡鍚岀悊蹇垫潵杩涜鍏辨€ф暀鑲? 浣滀负鍖哄埆鍏朵粬鐪佷唤澶у鐢熺殑鐗圭偣銆?/span>
 
銆€銆€3.2.2 灞辫タ鐪佸ぇ瀛︾敓浣撹偛璇剧洰鏍囧垎鏋?/span>
 
銆€銆€浠庝綋鑲茶鐨勭洰鏍囨潵鐪? 鏈変簲涓富瑕佺殑鐩爣, 鍗宠繍鍔ㄥ弬涓庣洰鏍? 杩愬姩鎶€鑳界洰鏍? 韬綋鍋ュ悍鐩爣, 蹇冪悊鍋ュ悍鐩爣鍜岀ぞ浼氶€傚簲鐩爣銆傞€氳繃澶у浣撹偛璇惧熀鏈笂閮借兘杈惧埌杩欎釜姘村钩銆備互瓒崇悆璇句负渚? 棣栧厛浠庝紶鐞冦€佸仠鐞冦€佽繍鐞冨拰灏勯棬鍩烘湰鎶€鏈殑瀛︿範, 鐒跺悗閫氳繃杩涙敾鍜岄槻瀹堟垬鏈殑瀛︿範, 閮借兘璁╁鐢熻揪鍒拌繍鍔ㄥ弬涓庣洰鏍? 杩愬姩鎶€鑳界洰鏍? 鐒跺悗杩涜鏁欏姣旇禌, 鑳戒娇瀛︾敓杈惧埌韬綋鍋ュ悍鐨勭洰鏍? 閫氳繃姣旇禌瀹㈡湇鑷繁鐨勫績鐞? 浠庤€岃揪鍒板績鐞嗗仴搴风洰鏍? 鑰屼笖閫氳繃鍙備笌姣旇禌浣撶幇浜嗙ぞ浼氶€傚簲鐩爣銆傚彲瑙? 涓€鑸殑浣撹偛璇鹃兘鑳借揪鍒板浗瀹跺埗瀹氱殑鍩烘湰鐨勭洰鏍囥€傚湪鍋氬ソ鍥藉鍒跺畾鐨勬爣鍑嗕笂, 鍙互閲嶇偣绐佸嚭鏌愪釜鐩爣銆傛瘮濡?閲嶇偣绐佸嚭杩愬姩鎶€鑳界洰鏍囥€傝繍鍔ㄦ妧鑳界洰鏍囧叿浣撹姹傛槸鐔熺粌鎺屾彙涓ら」浠ヤ笂鍋ヨ韩杩愬姩鐨勫熀鏈柟娉曞拰鎶€鑳?鑳界瀛﹀湴杩涜浣撹偛閿荤偧, 鎻愰珮鑷繁鐨勮繍鍔ㄨ兘鍔?鎺屾彙甯歌杩愬姩鍒涗激鐨勫缃柟娉曘€備互绡悆鏁欏涓轰緥, 鏁欏笀鍙互閲嶇偣绐佸嚭杩愬姩鎶€鑳界洰鏍? 澶氬己璋冨仴韬繍鍔ㄧ殑鍩烘湰鏂规硶鍜屾妧鑳? 璁╁鐢熶綋楠?鍒嗛挓涓夌鍖哄鎶曠, 杩欐牱瀛︾敓鎺屾彙浜嗛敾鐐肩殑鍩烘湰鏂规硶, 涔熻兘澶熸彁楂樼鐞冩姇绡殑鍑嗙‘鎬с€傝繕鏈夎姹傛帉鎻″父瑙佺殑鍒涗激澶勭疆鏂规硶, 鏁欏笀涔熷彲浠ュ湪璇惧爞涓婅瑙g鐞冨父瑙佺殑鎹熶激:鎴虫墜鎸囥€佸创鑴氱瓑杩欎簺甯歌鎹熶激鐨勫缃柟娉曘€傛€讳箣, 浣撹偛璇惧叿澶囪繖鏍风殑鍔熻兘銆?/span>
 
銆€銆€鍙互鍦ㄥ北瑗垮ぇ瀛︾敓鐨勪綋鑲茶涓繘琛屽叡鎬х殑鏁欒偛銆備綋鑲茶涓湁绀句細閫傚簲鐩爣, 鍏蜂綋鍐呭鏄?琛ㄧ幇鍑鸿壇濂界殑浣撹偛閬撳痉鍜屽悎浣滅簿绁?姝g‘澶勭悊绔炰簤涓庡悎浣滅殑鍏崇郴銆備竴鑸殑鏁欏姣旇禌閮藉瀵瑰鐢熻繘琛岀ぞ浼氶€傚簲鍩瑰吇銆傛瘮濡傜鐞冩瘮璧? 瀛︾敓浠湪璇句笂鍒嗙粍杩涜姣旇禌, 灏辫兘澶熻〃鐜板嚭浣撹偛閬撳痉鍜屽悎浣滅簿绁? 鑰岄槦鍛樼殑鍙樻崲鍒嗙粍鑳藉浣垮鐢熸纭鐞嗙珵浜夊拰鍚堜綔鐨勫叧绯? 杩欒妭璇炬垜鍜屼綘鏄槦鍙? 涓嬭妭璇惧洜涓哄垎缁? 灏卞彉鎴愪簡瀵规墜, 杩欐牱瀛︾敓灏辫兘澶熺悊瑙e拰澶勭悊绔炰簤鍜屽悎浣滅殑鍏崇郴銆傚北瑗跨渷搴旇閲嶈浣撹偛璇句簲涓洰鏍囩殑鍩瑰吇, 绐佸嚭閲嶇偣, 杩涜鍏辨€х殑鏁欒偛銆?/span>
 
銆€銆€3.2.3 灞辫タ鐪佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍥㈤槦绮剧鍩瑰吇鍒嗘瀽
 
銆€銆€澶у鐢熸瘯涓氬悗涓嶅彲閬垮厤鐨勮娴佸悜灏变笟甯傚満, 涔熷氨鏄父璇寸殑鎵惧伐浣溿€備粠宸ヤ綔鐨勮搴﹁, 閮借杩涘埌涓€涓儴闂? 澶勪簬涓€涓暣浣撳綋涓? 涓嶆槸鍔犲叆涓€涓洟闃? 灏辨槸鍒涘缓涓€涓洟闃? 鎬讳箣, 閮借闈复鍥㈤槦闂銆傚湪鍥㈤槦涓浣曞鐞嗗洟闃熺殑鍏崇郴灏辨垚浜嗛瑕佺殑闂銆備粠浣撹偛鐨勮搴﹁, 浠讳綍杩愬姩鍛樼殑鎴愬姛閮芥槸涓€涓洟闃熺殑鎴愬姛, 绂讳笉寮€涓€缇や汉鐨勫姫鍔涗粯鍑恒€備互NBA涓轰緥, 鎴戜滑鐪嬪埌瑭瑰鏂湪绡悆鍦烘棤鎵€涓嶈兘, 鍙槸浠栫殑鎴愬姛涔熺涓嶅紑闃熷弸鐨勬敮鎸? 绂诲紑浜嗕篃鑾峰緱涓嶄簡姣旇禌鐨勮儨鍒? 浠栦笉鍙兘鏃㈡姠绡澘, 鍙堢粍缁囪繘鏀? 鍙堜笉鏂緱鍒? 鎬诲緱鏈夐槦鍙嬫潵鍑忚交浠栫殑鍘嬪姏, 鍒嗘媴浠栫殑浠诲姟銆傚湪鍚勪汉椤圭洰涓篃鏄? 鎴戜滑瑙夊緱鍒樼繑涓€璺戝氨鏄啝鍐? 浼间箮鏄粬鐨勫ぉ鍒? 鍙槸鍒樼繑鑳屽悗閮芥湁涓€涓暀缁冨洟闃熸潵杩涜鍒嗗伐閰嶅悎, 鑷冲皯鎴戜滑閮界煡閬撳瓩娴峰钩, 鏄粬涓€鎵嬬紨閫犱簡鍒樼繑銆傝繖灏辫鏄庝簡浣撹偛姣旇禌涓? 浠讳綍浜烘垨鑰呴槦浼嶈幏寰楁垚鍔? 鑳屽悗閮芥湁涓€鏀洟闃熷湪浠樺嚭, 鍙互璇存槸鍥㈤槦鐨勬垚鍔熴€傚湪鍏朵粬棰嗗煙涔熸槸, 鎵€鏈変釜浜虹殑鎴愬姛, 鑳屽悗閮芥湁涓€涓洟闃熷湪鍋氬嚭璐$尞銆備互闃块噷宸村反鐨勯┈浜戜负渚? 椹簯涔熶笉鏄竴涓汉鍦ㄥ鏂? 鑰屾槸涓€缇ゅ叿鏈夌浉鍚屾兂娉曠殑浜哄湪鍥伴毦鐨勬椂鍊欎笉绂讳笉寮? 鎵嶉€犲氨浜嗙幇鍦ㄧ殑闃块噷宸村反銆佹窐瀹濄€傚洜姝? 铻嶅叆鍥㈤槦灏辨垚浜嗘瘡涓ぇ瀛︾敓姣曚笟鍚庨兘瑕侀潰涓寸殑闂, 鑰屽洟闃熺簿绁炵殑鏋勫缓涔熸槸浠栦滑灏嗘潵蹇呬笉鍙皯瑕佸仛濂界殑宸ヤ綔銆?/span>
 
銆€銆€涔熷氨鏄, 瑕佽€冭檻鍒颁粬浠瘯涓氬氨涓氶潰涓寸殑鍥㈤槦闂, 鍦ㄥ鏍″涔犳椂灏辫杩涜鍥㈤槦绮剧鐨勫煿鍏汇€傝€岀粨鍚堜綋鑲茶鐨勪簲涓洰鏍囦腑鐨勭ぞ浼氶€傚簲鐩爣涓唴瀹? 鍙互杩涜閲嶇偣鐨勩€佺獊鍑虹殑鏁欏鍩瑰吇銆傛妸鍥㈤槦绮剧鍩瑰吇浣滀负鍏辨€у唴瀹? 铻嶅叆鍒板北瑗跨渷鐨勫ぇ瀛︿綋鑲茶鍫傛暀瀛﹀綋涓? 浣滀负鍏辨€х殑鍩瑰吇, 涓轰簡灏嗘潵姣曚笟宸ヤ綔鍋氬ソ鍑嗗, 浣夸粬浠槑鐧藉洟闃熺殑閲嶈鎬? 涓嶄粎鑳藉鐞嗚В浜嗚В鍥㈤槦, 涔熻兘澶熸湁鑳藉姏鏉ュ垱寤哄洟闃? 鍑忓皯姣曚笟宸ヤ綔鍚庣殑涓嶉€傚簲, 鑳藉蹇€熷湴鍔犲叆鍥㈤槦, 铻嶅叆鍥㈤槦銆?/span>
 
銆€銆€浣撹偛杩愬姩鐨勭壒鐐瑰彲浠ュ緢濂界殑鍩瑰吇瀛︾敓鐨勫洟闃熸€? 鑰屼笖浣撹偛璇剧殑绀句細閫傚簲鐩爣涓篃鎻愰珮浜嗙珵浜夊拰鍚堜綔鐨勫叧绯? 鍦ㄥ悎浣滀腑灏遍渶瑕佸洟闃熺殑姒傚康銆傚鐢熷湪浣撹偛璇句笂杩涜鎶€鏈涔? 鐒跺悗姣旇禌, 鍙互鏈夋晥鍦版彁楂樺鐢熺殑鍥㈤槦涓讳箟瑙傚康, 瑕佹垬鑳滃鎵? 鑾峰緱姣旇禌鑳滃埄, 杩欎釜杩囩▼涓棤澶勪笉鏄剧幇鐫€鍥㈤槦鐨勫姏閲忋€備互绡悆璇句负渚? 绡悆璇句腑閮借鏈夋暀瀛︽瘮璧? 鑰屽垎缁勫悗灏辨湁涓€涓洟闃? 闇€瑕佸洟闃熸€? 褰撶悆闃熷疄鍔涚浉宸笉澶氱殑鏃跺€? 鍥㈤槦鐨勪綔鐢ㄥ氨浼氭樉鐜板嚭鏉ャ€傚洜姝? 閫氳繃鍏叡鐨勫ぇ瀛︿綋鑲茶鏉ュ煿鍏诲北瑗垮ぇ瀛︾敓鍥㈤槦绮剧寰堟湁蹇呰銆備綋鑲茶鐨勪綔鐢ㄤ笉浠呮槸鏁欎細瀛︾敓鎶€鏈€佹垬鏈? 鑰屼笖杩樿閫氳繃浣撹偛鐨勫涔犳潵鍋氬ソ灞辫タ鐪佸ぇ瀛︾敓鐨勫叡鎬ф暀鑲层€?/span>
 
銆€銆€4 缁撹涓庡缓璁?/span>
 
銆€銆€4.1 缁撹
 
銆€銆€灞辫タ鐪佺殑鍘嗗彶鏂囧寲涓? “涓夊鍒嗘檵”浜嬩欢閫犳垚浜嗗北瑗垮湪鍘嗗彶涓婄己涔忓洟闃熺簿绁炪€傚北瑗跨渷鐨凣DP鍦ㄥ叏鍥芥帓鍚嶉潬鍚? 鍥犳, 鏁欒偛鏂归潰瑕佸仛鍑虹浉搴旂殑鏀瑰彉銆傚北瑗跨渷澶у鐢熶綋鑲茶缂哄皯鍏辨€ф暀鑲? 鍙湁鍥藉鏍囧噯, 娌℃湁灞辫タ鏍囧噯銆?/span>
 
銆€銆€4.2 寤鸿
 
銆€銆€鍦ㄥ北瑗跨渷澶у浣撹偛璇句腑寮曞叆鍥㈤槦绮剧鐨勫叡鎬ф暀鑲? 閲嶇偣绐佸嚭浣撹偛璇剧洰鏍囦腑鐨勭ぞ浼氶€傚簲鐩爣, 鏉ヤ负瀛︾敓灏嗘潵姣曚笟鍋氬ソ鐩稿簲鐨勫噯澶? 鍑忓皯宸ヤ綔鍚庣殑宸ヤ綔闅滅銆?/span>
 
銆€銆€鍙傝€冩枃鐚?/span>
 
銆€銆€[1]寰愭椽鍏?鍥㈤槦绮剧鍦ㄨ繍鍔ㄩ槦璁粌绠$悊涓殑杩愮敤[J].鍗椾含浣撹偛瀛﹂櫌瀛︽姤 (鑷劧绉戝鐗? , 2004, 3 (4) :93-95.
銆€銆€[2]瑁存旦娣?鍦ㄤ綋鑲叉暀瀛︿腑鍩瑰吇瀛︾敓鍥㈤槦绮剧鐨勬湁鏁堥€斿緞[J].鍚夋灄浣撹偛瀛﹂櫌瀛︽姤, 2009, 25 (2) :121-122.
銆€銆€[3]寮犳湁涓?鍖椾含甯傞珮绛変綋鑲查櫌绯讳綋鑲叉暀鑲蹭笓涓氬鐢熶釜鎬у彂灞曚笌鍥㈤槦绮剧鍩瑰吇鐮旂┒[D].棣栭兘浣撹偛瀛﹂櫌, 2013.
銆€銆€[4]鍒橀缚蹇?绡悆杩愬姩涓洟闃熺簿绁炰笌涓汉涓讳箟浠峰€艰鐨勫叧绯荤爺绌禰D].婀栧崡甯堣寖澶у, 2011.
銆€銆€[5]寰愭檽鐜?瀵规垜鍥界鐞冭繍鍔ㄥ憳鍥㈤槦绮剧鍩瑰吇鐨勬帰鏋怺D].鍚夋灄浣撹偛瀛﹂櫌, 2013.
纭?a href="http://flywand.com/" style="text-decoration-line: none; font-size: 12px; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">鍗氳鏂囩綉鏄竴瀹朵笓涓氭彁渚涜鏂囧畾鍒朵慨鏀规湇鍔$殑缃戠珯锛屼笂10骞寸殑璁烘枃缁忛獙锛屾棤璁烘槸鏈璁烘枃銆佺澹鏂囪繕鏄湡鍒婅鏂囷紝鍗氬+璁烘枃锛屾垜浠兘鑳戒负鎮ㄦ彁渚涙柟渚裤€佸揩鎹枫€佸畨鍏ㄧ殑璁烘枃鏈嶅姟銆?/strong>

 

纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃? /></td>
  </tr>
</table>
<table width=

纭曞崥鍘熷垱璁烘枃缃? 娆㈣繋鎮ㄧ殑鍜ㄨ锛佹垜浠皢涓烘偍鎻愪緵鏈€浼樿川銆侀珮鏁堢殑鏈嶅姟锛?br /> 涓撲笟鏈嶅姟锛屼紭璐ㄥ洟闃燂紝璇氫俊楂樻晥锛屽€煎緱淇¤禆锛?br /> 婀業CP澶?9012525鍙?/a>

杩斿洖椤堕儴